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A New Weapon against Piracy: Patent Protection as an Alternative Strategy for Enforcement of Digital RightsThis article illustrates how patents and copyrights complement each other to provide a better defense for creative works. Copyrights protect expression, and patents protect underlying functions. Currently, the one-time strengths of copyrights are being eroded as courts allow new technologies to flourish which enable digital reproduction and piracy. This has encouraged companies and industries to move increasingly to patent protection and any company that fails to pursue this trend may be left behind. In sum, patents are a worthwhile strategy because they assist copyright owners in controlling the technology that enables infringement while copyrights alone would leave a company vulnerable in this dawning digital age.
Administration of Access Rights in Web ApplicationsThis work deals with the problem to find and rate a solution how to administrate access rights in web based applications that are flexible and offer a fine-grained allocation of rights. In particular the program phpGACL is analyzed and integrated into an example application to prove the feasibility of this system in principle.
Privacy After Snowden: Theoretical Developments and Public Opinion Perceptions of Privacy in Slovenia (Zasebnost po Snowdnu: novejša pojmovanja zasebnosti in odnos javnosti do le-te v Sloveniji)The article analyses recent theorizing of privacy arising from new technologies that allow constant and ubiquitous monitoring of our communication and movement. The theoretical part analyses Helen Nissenbaum’s theory of contextual integrity of privacy and pluralistic understanding of privacy by Daniel Solove. The empirical part presents the results of an online survey on the Slovenian public perceptions of privacy that includes questions on types and frequency of victimizations relating to the right to privacy; self-reported privacy violations; concern for the protection of one’s own privacy; perception of primary privacy offenders; the value of privacy; attitude towards data retention in public telecommunication networks; and acquaintance with the Information Commissioner of RS. Despite growing distrust of large internet corporations and – after Edward Snowden’s revelations – Intelligence agencies, the findings indicate a low degree of awareness and care for the protection of personal data.
Widerstand im Netz : Zur Herausbildung einer transnationalen Öffentlichkeit durch netzbasierte Kommunikation (unter Mitarbeit von Sonja Kutschera-Groinig) /Während im Leitmedium Fernsehen politische Themen zunehmend als »cultural fast food« (Pierre Bourdieu) aufbereitet werden, entstehen im Internet transnationale (Gegen-)Öffentlichkeiten, die die neoliberale Ordnung in der ersten Dekade des 21. Jahrhunderts in Frage stellen und für eine Demokratisierung der Lebensverhältnisse eintreten. Das Buch untersucht, wie diese transnationalen zivilgesellschaftlichen Netzwerke entstehen und welches kommunikative Potenzial sie entfalten können. Eine wichtige Frage ist dabei, ob sich kosmopolitische Sichtweisen und Praktiken herausbilden, die am Dialog orientiert sind und ausgehend vom transnationalen Charakter gesellschaftlicher Entwicklungen nach sozialen und kulturellen Veränderungen streben. Am Beispiel unterschiedlicher virtueller Netzwerke zu Themen wie Menschenrechte oder ökologische Fragen werden Formen des globalen Aktivismus analysiert und ihre Bedeutung für eine Revitalisierung der Demokratie diskutiert. »Comprehensive and insightful, Winter's book contributes significantly to our understanding of new media and technologies and their use in progressive politics.« (Douglas Kellner, Professor an der University of California, Los Angeles, ist Autor u.a. von »Media Culture«, 1995, und »Cinema Wars«, 2010.)
How research findings can inform legislation and school policy on cyberbullyingRecent empirical research has found that the psychological consequences for young people involved in cyberbullying are more severe than in the case of traditional bullying (Campbell, Spears, Slee, Butler, & Kift, 2012; Perren, Dooley, Shaw, & Cross, 2010). Cybervictimisation has been found to be a significant predictor of depressive symptoms over and above that of being victimised by traditional bullying (Perren et al., 2010). Cybervictims also have reported higher anxiety scores and social difficulties than traditional victims, with those students who had been bullied by both forms showing similar anxiety and depression scores to cyberbullying victims (Campbell et al., 2012). This is supported by the subjective views of many young people, not involved in bullying, who believed that cyberbullying is far more harmful than traditional bullying (Cross et al., 2009). However, students who were traditionally bullied thought the consequences of traditional bullying were harsher than did those students who were cyberbullied (Campbell, et al., 2012). In Slonje and Smith’s study (2008), students reported that text messaging and email bullying had less of an impact than traditional bullying, but that bullying by pictures or video clips had more negative impact than traditional bullying.