Welcome to the Globethics Library!

 

  • Ethical considerations of using artificial intelligence in healthcare

    Gaillard, Nathan (2023-12-04)
    This bachelor’s Thesis explores the necessity of frameworks in the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare settings, emphasizing the ethical implications and responsible implementation. The emergence of AI tools and the COVID-19 pandemic have raised significant ethical concerns related to bias, transparency, and accountability in healthcare.
 
 The research is composed of a comprehensive literature review focusing on the current use of AI as well as the status of ethical questions and solutions in medicine. It also includes qualitative interviews and a survey. This is made to gain a broad understanding of the topic from multiple perspectives. This approach allows us to align ethical guidelines with the values, needs and concerns of most people. This also fosters interdisciplinary dialogue.
 
 Key findings highlight the need for a universal ethical framework in using AI in healthcare. The necessity for transparency, informed consent, participatory design, adequate training for medical professionals, balance between technological prowess and human element, have all been identified during the study. These insights help decision-makers, researchers, healthcare professionals, as well as actors from other sectors who might be confronted with similar ethical questions, adopt safely AI technology.
 
 In conclusion, the thesis proposes a set of guidelines for the safe and ethical implementation and use of AI in healthcare. This serves as a tool for stakeholders to understand AI in the medical and pharmaceutical fields responsibly, considering the diverse viewpoints of the three main actors noted in the study: patients, medical professionals, and AI developers.
  • Ethical Challenges of Organ Transplantation: Current Debates and International Perspectives

    Hansen, Solveig Lena; Schicktanz, Silke (transcript VerlagDEUBielefeld, 2024-02-23)
    This collection features comprehensive overviews of the various ethical challenges in organ transplantation. International readings well-grounded in the latest developments in the life sciences are organized into systematic sections and engage with one another, offering complementary views. All core issues in the global ethical debate are covered: donating and procuring organs, allocating and receiving organs, as well as considering alternatives. Due to its systematic structure, the volume provides an excellent orientation for researchers, students, and practitioners alike to enable a deeper understanding of some of the most controversial issues in modern medicine.
  • Jenseits der Therapie: Philosophie und Ethik wunscherfüllender Medizin

    Eichinger, Tobias (transcript VerlagDEUBielefeld, 2024-02-19)
    Perfektes Aussehen und ewige Jugend, Intelligenz und Kreativität, Kraft und Konzentration. All diese Wünsche soll und will die Medizin heute erfüllen. Ob Anti-Aging, Schönheitschirurgie, Neuroenhancement oder Gendoping - neben ihrem klassisch-therapeutischen Auftrag folgt ärztliche Hilfe zunehmend auch dem Ziel der Wunscherfüllung. Ganz ohne Krankheitsbezug und Indikationsstellung, als Medizin für Gesunde. Nach einer philosophischen Untersuchung der Bedeutung von Wünschen und Bedürfnissen analysiert Tobias Eichinger die theoretischen Grundlagen wunscherfüllender Medizin. Er zeigt auf: Ärztliche Hilfe jenseits der Therapie kann zu erheblichen ethischen Problemen führen.
  • New Zealand's 'Cannabis Legalisation and Regulation Bill': an evidence-based assessment and critique of essential regulatory components towards policy outcomes.

    Fischer, Benedikt; Daldegan-Bueno, Dimitri (2023-03-17)
    New Zealand will hold a public referendum in 2020 on the possible replacement of current cannabis prohibition with legalisation of use and supply policy. Cannabis legalisation policies have been implemented-albeit with heterogeneous regulatory frameworks-in several (eg, North/South America) jurisdictions, with yet inconclusive evidence on main health and social outcomes. The New Zealand government has recently presented the final draft of its Cannabis Legalisation and Regulation Bill, including main regulatory parameters and provisions of the legalisation framework. As regulation elements are known to determine feasibility and outcomes of legalisation policy, we have undertaken a critical review and assessment of 10 of the Bill's main regulation components, based on evidence from and experiences with cannabis policy elsewhere as well as other substance policy areas. The reviewed components include: "political promises; age of use/access; places of use; penalties for underage use; 'home-growing'; retail distribution; licensed production; products available; new/remaining offenses; research and monitoring". New Zealand's cannabis legalisation plan is embedded within an overall public health-oriented framework. However, multiple essential regulatory provisions appear questionable for feasibility, consistency with public health principles or practice, or may lead to-possibly un-intended-adverse outcomes. These regulatory elements should be re-considered and adjusted, ideally before possible implementation of legalisation if supported by the referendum.
  • Oral Language and Communication Factors to Consider When Supporting People with FASD Involved with the Legal System

    Nelson, M; Trussler, M; Hand, Linda; Pickering, Megan; Kedge, Sally; McCann, Clare (SPRINGER, 2018-10-03)

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