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  • PENGEMBANGAN MODEL E–DEMOKRASI LOKAL MELALUI RADIO (Studi Pada Program Lang-lang Kota Radio Mayangkara FM)

    Anam Miftakhul Huda (Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, 2020-03-01)
    The new model of developing electronic democracy through e-democracy makes local democracy very dynamic. The level of public trust in radio is very high with an indicator of the number of community members who voluntarily inform all incidents in Blitar City and Regency. This new concept in the framework of radio journalism is referred to as citizen journalism. This study intends to develop a tripartite model of local democracy between the information giver (complainant), the handling agency (the agency complained) and the media (radio) as a bridge in solving the problem. So far the research method used is using qualitative methods with emphasis on participatory aspects. Radio owners, program directors, reporters and listeners who complain are the core informants in this study. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling using data or source triangulation and theory triangulation as a test tool. The results of this study are in the form of the city langlang program as a forum for public discussion on air in the form of complainants reporting their problems to the radio through sms, telephone, e-mail and social media. The model developed is not only on air but also off water, so that complainants can communicate with related parties via the Mayangkara FM radio bridge.
  • Islam in International Relations

    Eva Alexe; Țuțu Pișleag (Danubius University, 2019-07-01)
    The purpose of this article is to provide a brief examination of the situation in the Middle
 East through the realm of Islam as a power in a geographical and historical perspective by studying
 the interaction between the Arab and Muslim states that make up the MENA region, but also the
 interaction between Islam as power and the West without neglecting the contemporary terrorist
 organizations and their potential to diminish the state sovereignty.
  • Materi Himpunan Terintegrasi Keislaman: Sebuah Studi Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran berbasis Model Problem Based Learning

    Nurmala Sari; Sri Rezeki; Rezi Ariawan (Tadris Matematika IAIN Palopo, 2019-03-01)
    Abstract: The purpose of this study is to produce a mathematical learning tool developed based on Islamic Integrated Problem-Based Learning (PBL) model that meets the validity criteria and practicality in which this learning device will make students able to solve problems related to Islam. Learning tools developed in the form of RPP (learning implementation plan) and LKPD (student worksheets) Problem-Based Learning (PBL) Islamic Integrated Model. The development of learning tools in this study uses a modification of R & D from Sugiyono so that it becomes several stages, namely: (1) Potential and problems; (2) data collection; (3) Product design; (4) Design validity; (5) Design revisions; (6) Product testing; (7) Product revision; and (8) Final product. This product was developed in class VII of SMP. The instruments of this study were the validation sheets of RPP and LKPD with Islamic Integrated, practicality questionnaire of RPP and LKPD and questionnaire for implementation of integrated Islamic learning. Islamic integration referred to in this development research by incorporating knowledge about Islam such as: the names of figures in Islam. From the research, the validation of RPP with validity criteria is quite valid and the results of the validation of LKPD with validity criteria are quite valid. While the results of the practicality of lesson plans with very practical criteria and the results of practical LKPD obtained from student questionnaire responses with very practical criteria, as well as the average results of the implementation of learning. Based on this research development produces a mathematical learning device Problem-Based Learning (PBL) model of Islam in the material of the SMP VII Class Association tested its feasibility. Abstrak: Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menghasilkan Perangkat pembelajaran matematika yang dikembangkan berdasarkan model Problem-Based Learning (PBL) Terintegrasi Keislaman yang memenuhi kriteria kevalidan dan kepraktisan yang mana perangkat pembelajaran ini akan menjadikan siswa mampu menyelesaikan masalah yang terkait dengan keislaman. Perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan berupa RPP (Rencana pelaksanaan pembelajaran) dan LKPD (Lembar kerja peserta didik) model Problem-Based Learning (PBL) Terintegrasi Keislaman. Pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran  dalam penelitian ini menggunakan modifikasi  R&D dari Sugiyono sehingga menjadi beberapa tahap yaitu: (1) Potensi dan masalah; (2) pengumpulan data; (3) Desain produk; (4) Validitas desain; (5) Revisi desain; (6) Uji coba produk; (7) Revisi produk; dan (8) Produk akhir. Produk ini dikembangkan pada kelas VII SMP. Instrumen penelitian ini adalah lembar validasi RPP dan LKPD dengan Terintegrasi Keislaman, angket kepraktisan RPP dan LKPD dan angket keterlaksanaan pembelajaran yang Terintegrasi keislaman. Terintegrasi keislaman yang dimaksud dalam penelitian pengembangan ini dengan memasukkan pengetahuan tentang islam seperti: nama-nama tokoh-tokoh  dalam islam. Dari penelitian diperoleh hasil validasi RPP dengan kriteria kevalidan cukup valid dan hasil validasi LKPD dengan kriteria kevalidan cukup valid. Sedangkan hasil kepraktisan RPP dengan kriteria sangat praktis dan hasil kepraktisan LKPD diperoleh dari angket respon siswa dengan kriteria sangat praktis, serta rata-rata hasil keterlaksanaan pembelajaran. Berdasarkan penelitian pengembangan ini menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran matematika model Problem-Based Learning (PBL) Terintegrasi keislaman pada materi Himpunan kelas VII SMP teruji kelayakannya.
  • Political Islam and Democracy

    Browne-Michael, Mikellon S (STARS, 2017-01-01)
    The Middle East is a predominately Islamic region. Islam is not only a religion, it is the Muslim way of life and law. The western world follows a more modern system of government, in the form of democracy. Democracy is not modern, as in new, since it was started by the ancient Greeks, but it is modern, because it is the main system being adopted in contemporary times. Muslims follow the ideals found in the Holy Quran, the book dictated by the prophet Muhammad. The Middle East has had a strong Islamic influence since the mid-seventh century. Islam originated in Mecca in 610 C.E. About twelve years later, in 622 C.E., after much persecution in Mecca, Muslims migrated to Medina. This was in 622 C.E. and it marked the start of the Muslim calendar. Soon, by 655 C.E., Islam had begun spreading over the regions along the Mediterranean Sea, Arabian Peninsula, Asia, and Africa. This research will span the political systems from pre-Ottoman, to Ottoman, to the Modern era. The beginning of the modern Middle East is marked by the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the end of World War I. Since the end of World War I, much of the Middle Eastern region has been exposed to the western system of government and western culture. The intent of this Thesis is to analyze and draw a conclusion on the possibility of Politically Islamic states having Democracy and following Democratic ideologies. It will examine the ideologies of Islam to determine if democracy, a system of government that includes the citizens of the nation having the right to speak and receiving civil liberties to choose their leaders, is actually present. It will use data from Turkey, Iran, and Egypt, Middle Eastern nations located either in, or bordering, three different continents of the world. In each country the research will examine, the governmental system, the regime type, the leaders past and present, and the policies, including how each country vary according to a specific Islamic sector (Sunni or Shia). This thesis will draw conclusions from the comparative analysis on each case study, on whether it is possible to have democracy in a state where Islamic ideologies are a major factor. From the case study findings, there were clear differences between all the countries studied. Turkey was found to be majority Sunni with a secular republic government but it is showing signs of reverting into the realm of political Islam. Iran was found to be majority Shia with a religious republic government, one that freely allows religion into the law-making body and has emphasized policies that are based on Islamic law. In addition, Iran shows adversity to western democratic bodies, which falls in line with the idea that Islam and democracy are at odds. Finally, Egypt the most revolution-plagued has changed leaders constantly through coups and protests, when the citizens find the leaders as corrupt or not acting in the best interest of the country. Like Turkey, Egypt is a secular republic with the majority of its citizens being from the Sunni Islamic sect it has recently shown an inclination to be the most democratic nation of those studied. The research showed that the Middle East is still having trouble adjusting to the idea of democracy and democratic ideology. The issues were found on various cultural, social, and leadership levels. There were not only civil and regional disputes among the nations of the Middle East, some of the issues have been extended to international levels. The split between Democracy and traditional Islamic values, appeared to only deepen the conflicts of the region.