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  • Exploring the impacts of distance higher education on adult learners' lives and reclaiming lifelong learning as a human development process

    Neves, Claudia; Henriques, Susana (ICDE, 2020-12-31)
    This article intends to launch discussion and reflection on two main themes: lifelong learning and digital literacy in nowadays societies. In looking for the intersections between these concepts to connote them with a more humanistic and holistic perspective, we explore the potentials of distance learning in the lives of adult learners. The empirical basis for this exploration is a survey applied to 706 (143 respondents) graduates in the education of the Portuguese Open University to know their future projects and the impact of this degree in the various dimensions of their personal, social and professional lives. The conclusions of this analysis point to recognition, by the respondents, of the positive impacts that distance higher education has in their personal and social lives. However, these impacts are not as visible in professional terms since the answers show little significant professional progressions. In this sense, the article concludes that it is important to rethink the founding ideas of the concept of lifelong learning from a humanistic perspective and to approach it with a holistic and transversal conception of what is now defined as digital literacy. Distance education, for adult learners, is a scenario that not only strengthens the personal, social and professional development of individuals, but also the development of competencies applied not only to the digital world but also to each person’s daily activities.
  • Open Praxis vol. 12 issue 4

    ICDE; UNED; Gil-Jaurena (ed.), various authors, Inés (ICDE, 2020-12-31)
    The last Open Praxis issue in 2020 includes nine research papers and one book review. It also includes the list of reviewers who have collaborated in reviewing the papers submitted to Open Praxis volume 12.
  • Introduction to Open Praxis volume 12 issue 4

    ICDE; UNED; Gil-Jaurena, Inés (ICDE, 2020-12-31)
    The fourth Open Praxis issue in 2020 includes nine research papers and one book review.
  • What About Reuse? A Study on the Use of Open Educational Resources in Dutch Higher Education

    Baas, Marjon; Schuwer, Robert (ICDE, 2020-12-31)
    Extensive research has taken place over the years to examine the barriers of OER adoption, but little empirical studies has been undertaken to map the amount of OER reuse. The discussion around the actual use of OER, outside the context in which they were developed, remains ongoing. Previous studies have already shown that searching and evaluating resources are barriers for actual reuse. Hence, in this quantitative survey study we explored teachers’ practices with resources in Higher Education Institutes in the Netherlands. The survey had three runs, each in a different context, with a total of 439 respondents. The results show that resources that are hard or time-consuming to develop are most often reused from third parties without adaptations. Resources that need to be more context specific are often created by teachers themselves. To improve our understanding of reuse, follow-up studies must explore reuse with a more qualitative research design in order to explore how these hidden practices of dark reuse look like and how teachers and students benefit of it.
  • Construction of Epistemological Interpretation on Eschatology Verses In ‘Aisyah ‘Abdurrahman al-Syati’s Perspective

    Rector UIN Imam Bonjol Padang, Dean Ushuluddin and Studi Agama Faculty UIN Imam Bonjol Padang; Taufiqurrahman, Taufiqurrahman; Naffasa, Resya Farasy (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2020-12-31)
    This study aims to examine the perspective of ‘Aisyaḧ ‘Abdurrahman al-Syati’ (1913-1998), as a contemporary female mufassir, regarding eschatological verses in surah al-Zalzalaḧ to prove the epistemological construction of interpretations based on sources, methods and validity of truth. The object of this research is the text and its relationship with past events, that a literature study is carried out to learn content analysis using a historical approach. The primary data in this study is the book of Tafsyr al-Bayany and supported by literature on the epistemology of interpretation in a philosophical approach. The results revealed that ‘Âisyah ‘Abdurrahman has interpreted surah al-Zalzalaḧ referred to Arabic language grammar, the prophet’s hadith, and previous interpretations. In the epistemology of interpretation, the verses about eschatology are not sufficient if they are interpreted in language separately, despite proving the validity of interpretive coherence, she remains consistent in using those  method, even correspondingly the interpretation of zilzal is a picture of the earth’s condition when it shakes in accordance with the reality and scientific facts about earthquake, as well as in line with the argument about a doomsday that is bound to happen as found in terms in the Qur’an.

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