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  • U.S. Initiatives to Promote Global Internet Freedom: Issues, Policy, and Technology

    Moloney Figliola, Patricia; Nakamura, Kennon H.; Addis, Casey L.; Lum, Thomas (Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service., 2010-03-17)
    This report provides information regarding the role of U.S. and other foreign companies in facilitating Internet censorship by repressive regimes overseas. The report is divided into several sections: Examination of repressive policies in China and Iraq, Relevant U.S. laws, U.S. policies to promote Internet freedom, Private sector initiatives, and Congressional action.
  • U.S. Initiatives to Promote Global Internet Freedom: Issues, Policy, and Technology

    Moloney Figliola, Patricia; Addis, Casey L.; Lum, Thomas (Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service., 2011-01-03)
    Report regarding the role of the United States and other foreign companies in facilitating Internet censorship by repressive regimes overseas.
  • How Far Have We Come, and Where Do We Go from Here: The Status of Global Computer Software Protection under the TRIPS Agreement

    Charfoos, Aaron D. (Northwestern Pritzker School of Law Scholarly Commons, 2002-01-01)
    The TRIPS agreement made significant advances over the pre-TRIPS international regime with respect to the protection of computer software. There are at least two significant advances. First, computer software protections have been embedded into the new dispute resolution procedures. Second, both object and source code are protected under the copyright sections of the Agreement. The dispute resolution procedures provide back-end protection (protection after offenses have occurred), while new copyright provisions provide affirmative front-end protection (protection deterring such offenses). However, the Agreement could have, and should have, gone farther to protect the software industry. By not formally deciding on the ability to patent software per se, the TRIPS agreement simply reiterates one of the major shortcomings of the pre-TRIPS international computer software protection regimes. As this article will show, leaving the decision of patentability to the sole discretion of domestic policymakers ensures that consistent global protection of software will be virtually impossible to achieve. To the extent that countries offer the patent protection of software per se, in addition to copyright and dispute resolution legislation, computer software will be well protected by the overlap of the three. However, where patents will not be granted for software per se, computer software will be underprotected. Furthermore, this lack of harmonization will impose additional administrative burdens on patent holders.
  • The Battle for Critical Internet Resources: South America vs. Amazon.com, Inc.

    Patricia Vargas-Leon; Andreas Kuehn (Universidade de Brasília, 2015-04-01)
    Purpose – To analyze the controversy about the allocation of critical Internet resources generated by ICANN's new gTLD program with a particular focus on the .AMAZON TLD.
 Methodology/approach/design – This article presents an exploratory case study about the .AMAZON controversy. The initial analysis of this ongoing research is based on data collected from various reports and media coverage on ICANN's new gTLD policy. The article draws from political economy theory to analyze disputes about critical Internet resources.
 Findings – This article discusses preliminary findings of the .AMAZON case, a contested prime example in ICANN's efforts to extend the Internet's domain name space.
 Practical implications – The findings may inform related controversies in the gTLD program and contribute to a differentiated understanding of CIR allocation in Internet governance, and respective policy-making.
 Originality/value – The value of this article is the specific discussion of the .AMAZON case in the larger context of ICANN's new gTLD program, and its analysis that describes the controversy from a property rights perspective.
  • Public consultations on Net Neutrality 2010: USA, EU and France

    The Pennsylvania State University CiteSeerX Archives; Sulan Wong; Julio Rojas-mora; Eitan Altman (2014-08-11)

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