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  • Law's Expressive Value in Combating Cyber Gender Harassment

    Citron, Danielle Keats (University of Michigan Law School Scholarship Repository, 2009-12-01)
    The online harassment of women exemplifies twenty-first century behavior that profoundly harms women yet too often remains overlooked and even trivialized. This harassment includes rape threats, doctored photographs portraying women being strangled, postings of women's home addresses alongside suggestions that they are interested in anonymous sex, and technological attacks that shut down blogs and websites. It impedes women's full participation in online life, often driving them offline, and undermines their autonomy, identity, dignity, and well-being. But the public and law enforcement routinely marginalize women's experiences, deeming the harassment harmless teasing that women should expect, and tolerate, given the internet's Wild West norms of behavior The trivialization of phenomena that profoundly affect women's basic freedoms is nothing new. No term even existed to describe sexual harassment of women in the workplace until the 1970s. The refusal to recognize harms uniquely influencing women has an important social meaning-it conveys the message that abusive behavior toward women is acceptable and should be tolerated. Grappling with the trivialization of cyber gender harassment is a crucial step to understanding and combating the harm that it inflicts. My previous work, Cyber Civil Rights, explored law's role in deterring and punishing online abuse. This Essay emphasizes what may be law's more important role: its ability to condemn cyber gender harassment and change the norms of acceptable online behavior Recognizing cyber harassment for what it is-gender discrimination- is crucial to educate the public about its gendered harms, to ensure that women's complaints are heard, to convince perpetrators to stop their online attacks, and ultimately to change online subcultures of misogyny to those of equality.
  • Possible Paradigm Shifts in Broadband Policy

    Yoo, Christopher S. (Penn Law: Legal Scholarship Repository, 2014-01-01)
    Debates over Internet policy tend to be framed by the way the Internet existed in the mid-1990s, when the Internet first became a mass-market phenomenon. At the risk of oversimplifying, the Internet was initially used by academics and tech-savvy early adopters to send email and browse the web over a personal computer connected to a telephone line via networks interconnected through in a limited way. Since then, the Internet has become much larger and more diverse in terms of users, applications, technologies, and business relationships. More recently, Internet growth has begun to slow both in terms of the number of connections and overall traffic. The major exception to this pattern is wireless, which has exhibited accelerating growth and has begun consistently to provide speeds in excess of 10 Mbps. Moreover, the emergence of the smartphone provides the most recent example of how changes in collateral technologies can play a key role in transforming network usage. These changes underscore that the Internet may be undergoing a paradigm shift and that generalizing from the past serves little purpose when circumstances have materially changed. Furthermore, policymakers should avoid regulating based on any particular vision of the technological future. Instead, they should craft policies designed to preserve room for experimentation with different approaches, which will require tolerating a significant degree of nonuniformity, uncertainty, and disruption.
  • Com construir la governança electrònica en una societat digital: el cas d’Estònia

    Katrin Nyman Metcalf (Escola d'Administració Pública de Catalunya, 2019-06-01)
    L’article explica i aborda el significat, el contingut i els beneficis de la governança electrònica, utilitzant l’exemple d’Estònia. La governança electrònica no ha de ser complexa legalment, però cal entendre i analitzar les implicacions de les noves tecnologies. A Estònia, totes les bases de dades públiques estan connectades, proporcionant la possibilitat d’aportar dades una única vegada (once-only principle). Els individus tenen fàcilment una visió de conjunt de les seves dades i de com s’utilitzen. Els serveis digitals estan centrats en les persones i són accessibles mitjançant targetes d’identificació i codis a l’abast de tota la ciutadania i els residents. Explicar l’exemple estonià i les seves implicacions legals pot servir d’inspiració a altres països.
  • Panorama del derecho informático en América Latina y el Caribe

    Gamba, Jacopo (CEPAL, 2014-01-02)
    Incluye Bibliografía
  • Addressing Cyber Harassment: An Overview of Hate Crimes in Cyberspace

    Citron, Danielle K. (Scholarly Commons at Boston University School of Law, 2015-01-01)
    This short piece will take a step back and give an overhead view of the problem of cyber harassment and the destructive impact it can have on victims’ lives. Then, it will address about what the law can do to combat online harassment and how a legal agenda can be reconciled with the First Amendment. Finally, it will turn to recent changes in social media companies’ treatment of online abuse and what that might mean for our system of free expression.

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