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  • Future Fellowships - Grant ID: FT130100097

    Australian Research Council (isFundedBy); University of Sydney (isManagedBy)
    Disability is a major area of Australian reform, and digital technology is key to securing historic goals of full social participation. This project offers the first comprehensive investigation of how we invent, design, implement, and regulate technology for people with disabilities. It will provide a theory of disability and technology, with case studies including mobiles, e-readers, and health technologies. The project will examine human rights aspects of technology in the United Nations disability convention, and their relation to global media policy. The project will propose better ways to align human rights frameworks, policy, and technology design to ensure digital participation for Australians with disability.
  • Media and Education in the Digital Age

    Stocchetti, Matteo (Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group, 2014)
    This book is an invitation to informed and critical participation in the current debate on the role of digital technology in education and a comprehensive introduction to the most relevant issues in this debate. After an early wave of enthusiasm about the emancipative opportunities of the digital «revolution» in education, recent contributions invite caution, if not scepticism. This collection rejects extreme interpretations and establishes a conceptual framework for the critical questioning of this role in terms of concepts, assessments and subversions. This book offers conceptual tools, ideas and insights for further research. It also provides motivation and information to foster active participation in debates and politics and encourages teachers, parents and learners to take part in the making of the future of our societies.
  • Why is there so little critical physical education scholarship in the United States? The case of Fitnessgram

    Gard, Michael; Pluim, Carolyn (ePublications@SCU, 2017-01-01)
    In posing the question in our title, we have set ourselves the task of trying to understand why so little scholarly scrutiny and questioning of Fitnessgram—a product designed to assist in the school-based physical fitness testing of young people—exists in the country of its origin and then consider the implications of this silence. We begin our interrogation by offering a broad definition of ‘critical scholarship’. We then briefly describe the contemporary landscape of physical education research and its preoccupation with an instrumental and applied approach to scholarship that seems limited to questions about ‘what works’ in schools. Following this overview we discuss the scholarship of Fitnessgram. Our analysis focuses on the increasing influence of various webs of connection between academics, professional organizations, corporations, funding agencies and publishing outlets. To substantiate the claims we make, we offer some examples from the recent history of abstracts accepted for presentation at prominent national conferences and discuss the contents of leading United States health and physical education journals. The overwhelming apparent message emanating from these scholarly outlets is that school and university personnel should simply fall into line with the mandates of government and public health advocates when it comes to the implementation of Fitnessgram. Our review reveals that the Fitnessgram literature suffers from a lack of counter-balancing scepticism particularly when it comes to the interpretation of research findings. As we will argue, virtually no critical scholarship of any kind exists on the use of Fitnessgram, a remarkable situation given recent public policy developments that call for its expanded adoption in United States schools.
  • The Impact of Digital Technologies on Routine Tasks

    Poole, Jennifer P.; Almeida, Rita K.; Corseuil, Carlos H.L. (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2017-09-21)
    There is a strong concern that
 technology is increasingly replacing routine tasks,
 displacing lower-skilled workers. Labor market institutions
 exist to protect workers from shocks but, by increasing
 labor costs, labor policy may also constrain firms from
 adjusting the workforce and, hence, from fully benefiting
 from technology adoption. This paper assesses the link
 between access to digital technologies and the demand for
 skills in the largest Latin American country, Brazil.
 Between 1996 and 2006, the country experienced a period of
 strong growth in Internet service provision, as well as in
 the enforcement of labor market regulations at the
 subnational level. The paper's empirical strategy
 exploits administrative data to assess the extent to which
 the adoption of digital technology affects employment and
 the skill content of jobs at the local level. In addition,
 the paper investigates whether the stringency of labor
 regulations influences this adjustment, by comparing the
 effect across industries subject to different degrees of
 enforcement of labor regulations. Using the fact that
 industries vary in the degree of reliance on digital
 technologies, the estimates suggest that digital technology
 adoption leads to a reduction in employment in local labor
 markets. The decrease in employment is larger for routine
 tasks, thereby shifting the composition of the workforce
 toward nonroutine, cognitive skills. However, and in
 contrast with labor policy intentions, the evidence points
 to the idea that labor market regulations differentially
 benefit the skilled workforce, particularly those workers
 employed in nonroutine, cognitive tasks.
  • Labor Policy and Digital Technology Use

    Packard, Truman G.; Montenegro, Claudio E. (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2017-10-20)
    This paper exploits variation in
 country-level indicators drawn from published data to
 analyze the relationship between labor regulation and the
 use of digital technology. The analysis shows a
 statistically and economically significant association
 between digital technology use by firms and a country's
 statutory minimum wage and employment protection
 regulations. The results are robust to the inclusion of
 controls for level of development, economic stability,
 available infrastructure, and trade openness. To ensure the
 broadest country coverage, the paper develops new indexes of
 employment protection, using the World Bank's Doing
 Business indicators, which allow several aspects of labor
 market regulation—such as restrictions on hours and hiring,
 dismissal procedures, and severance costs--to be analyzed separately.

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