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  • Small fish in a big pond : an architectural approach to users privacy, rights and security in the age of big data

    Merali, Yasmin.; Angelopoulos, Spyros.; McAuley, Derek.; Mortier, Richard.; Price, Dominic.
    Paper presented at 37th International conference on Information Systems (ICIS 2016), 11-14 December 2016, Dublin, Ireland. ABSTRACT We focus on the challenges and issues associated with Big Data, and propose a novel architecture that uses the principles of Separation of Concerns and distributed computing to overcome many of the challenges associated with storage, analysis and integrity. We address the issue of asymmetrical distribution of power between the originators of data and the organizations and institutions that make use of that data by taking a systemic perspective to include both sides in our architectural design, shifting from a customer-provider relationship to a more symbiotic one in which control over access to customer data resides with the customer. We illustrate the affordances of the proposed architecture by describing its application in the domain of Social Networking Sites, where we furnish a mechanism to address problems of privacy and identity, and create the potential to open up online social networking to a richer set of possible applications.
  • Tracking the digital footprint in Latin America and the Caribbean: Lessons learned from using big data to assess the digital economy

    NU. CEPAL; Cuenta de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (ECLAC, 2020-04-28)
    This report explores the opportunities for and challenges of the systematic use of publicly available digital data as a tool for formulating public policies for the development of the digital economy in Latin America and the Caribbean. The objective is to share lessons learned in order to advance a research agenda that allows the countries of the region to create alternative measuring tools based on the digital footprint. Using big data techniques, the digital footprint left behind by labour market portals, e-commerce platforms and social media networks offer unprecedented information, both in terms of scope and detail.
  • Análisis de la huella digital en América Latina y el Caribe: enseñanzas extraídas del uso de macrodatos (big data) para evaluar la economía digital

    NU. CEPAL; Cuenta de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (CEPAL, 2020-04-23)
    En el presente informe se examinan las oportunidades y los desafíos que plantea el uso sistemático de datos digitales disponibles públicamente como herramienta para la formulación de políticas públicas para el desarrollo de la economía digital en América Latina y el Caribe. Tiene por objetivo compartir las experiencias adquiridas para avanzar en una agenda de investigación que permita a los países de la región crear herramientas de medición alternativas basadas en la huella digital. Mediante el uso de técnicas de megadatos (big data), la huella digital que dejan los portales de empleo, las plataformas de comercio electrónico y las redes sociales ofrece información sin precedentes, tanto en términos de alcance como de detalle.
  • Digital Transformation Policy in Japan: the Case of Artificial Intelligence

    K. S. Kostyukova (Nauka, 2019-12-01)
    Purpose: this article includes the review of the Japanese policy on the national economy Digital Transformation, using the case of implementation of artificial intelligence for production and services, description and analysis of the current results, as well as identification of obstacles to achieve the expected results. Methods: the article is based on the analysis of scientific and analytical materials to the problem of research. The factual basis is the framework documents of the Cabinet of Japan, media, reports on research conducted by Japanese research institutes. Results: the article provides a brief review and analysis of the Japanese public policy of the development of AI technology, summarizes the interim results of the measures taken, identifies problematic factors that prevent the achievement of the expected results. The hypothesis is put forward about the insufficiency of government efforts to monitor and analyze the activities already implemented, the lack of practice of taking into account failures in the formation of new programs and projects. Recently, significant attention to the development of AI technology is paid in Russia. In 2019, Russian President Vladimir Putin approved the "National strategy for the development of AI until 2030". It is expected that the using of digital technologies, will increase the competitiveness of the national economy, improve the welfare of society. In this regard, the study of Japan's experience as one of the technological leaders in the development and using of digital transformation, is especially important. Conclusions and Relevance: To solve the current socio-economic problems, Japan government relies on the development of the advanced technologies. At the same time, the government continues to develop measures to stimulate the cooperation of the academic and industrial sectors to conduct joint R&D on priority technologies. However, due to the "closed" nature of Japanese corporations and the relative independence of government plans in determining the technological priorities development, the corporate sector is reluctant to follow government recommendations on the using new technologies in management and production processes, as well as joint projects with the academic sector are not large-scale and are rather formal. This situation indicates the continuing unpreparedness of key NIS participants for the perception of the advanced technologies and digital transformation.

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