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Consumer survey on Online Copyright Infringement 2016A fall in the proportion of Australian internet users accessing unlawful content online and a rise in the uptake of streaming services are the key findings of the 2016 online copyright infringement survey. The results of Australia’s second survey of online copyright infringement, showed that 23 per cent of Australian internet users were accessing unlawful online content. This is down from 26 per cent in 2015, when the survey was first conducted. The results determine that the pricing and availability of online copyright content, such as streaming services, has led to a reduction in infringement. TNS Australia conducted the survey on behalf of the Department of Communications and the Arts between January and March 2016, with over 2,400 people taking part. The survey is designed to understand the types of copyright material that is being infringed across four key types of online content: music, movies, video games and TV programs. It also seeks to understand attitudes that drive copyright infringement behaviour.
Counting the cost: the economic impacts of counterfeiting and piracyThe emergence of the Internet and the growing number of free trade zones have opened new distribution channels for counterfeit and pirated goods, and raised jurisdictional problems. These are the preliminary results of a new OECD study.
The iCommons harvestThere's no tragedy in a digital commons where quality content is king, says Felix Cohen, in this contribution to an on-going debate about the tension between the instant abundance and transferability of information in the Creative Commons and its capacity to act as the foundation for building progressive communities of knowledge.
Napster and Gnutella: Is distributed file-swapping software legal in Australia?Extract: You may think that the Internet makes obtaining your favorite music cheap and easy, but have you ever considered whether downloading music files off the Web is legal. It may be that you are infringing the copyright of musicians and record labels. The Commonwealth Copyright Act 1968 grants musicians and producers exclusive legal right in musical works (scores), literary works (in this case, lyrics) and sound recordings (CD’s, tapes etc.). They enjoy those rights whether the material is recorded in digital (eg as sound files) or traditional format. Recently the Commonwealth Parliament amended the Copyright Act to bring it up to speed with the digital age and exploitation of copyright works on the Internet: see the Copyright Amendment (Digital Agenda) Act 2000 (Cth). This amending Act will shortly come into force.
Shifting Kenya's Private Sector into Higher Gear : A Trade and Competitiveness AgendaShifting Kenya’s private sector into
higher gear: a trade and competitiveness agenda’ was born
out of the World Bank’s Trade and Competitiveness (T&C)
Global Practice recent stock taking of its work in Kenya.
This was part of a Programmatic Approach that aimed to
organize T&C’s knowledge, advisory, and convening
services to address Kenya’s development challenges in the
private sector space. By Sub-Saharan African standards,
Kenya has a large private sector, which accounts for around
70 percent of total formal employment. As a result, the
dynamics of the private sector are a key determinant of the
trajectory of the Kenyan economy. The country’s product
market regulations a restrictive for domestic competitors
and foreign entrants, and the actions of cartels and
behavior of dominant firms across sectors undermines
competition and hurts consumers. The Kenyan Government
recognizes these challenges and has invested significantly
in unlocking these bottlenecks with impressive results so
far and several important laws passed. Additional efforts to
ease regulatory constraints and expedite important
legislative changes could improve the investment climate at
national and county levels.