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  • Gold Currency Model in Aceh

    Universitas Islam sultan Agung Semarang - UNISSULA; Kadri, Bedjo Santoso (Faculty of Shariah and Law, 2020-12-31)
    Abstract. Complementary currency has been a trending issue. This is because the complementary currency can reduce people’s dependency on the government in serving the currency as a medium of exchange. However, many studies neglected the role of idle gold. Aceh is one province of Indonesia that reserves the right of special autonomy to implement Sharia. Aceh, being renowned for its fertility in the cultivation of some agricultural products such as coffee, tobacco, and palm oil, has become a strategic trade center. Aceh is also equally rich in gold mines, with the approximate result of five tons a year. This research attempts to design a model of complementary currency based on physical gold in Aceh. This study uses unstructured interviews with scholars, leaders, business people, and the government. The result reveals that stakeholders agree with the gold complementary currency, support and willing to recommend it. Besides, this model is believed to be beneficial. However, the most challenging factor is the support from the government which is essential to develop this gold currency model.Keywords: Complementary Currency, Aceh Economy, Gold-Based Money, Islamic Currency. Abstrak. Mata uang komplementer (complementary currency) menjadi isu yang masih terus menjadi pembahasan. Hal ini karena mata uang komplementer dapat mengurangi ketergantungan terhadap pemerintah dalam melayani kebutuhan mata uang sebagai media pertukaran. Mata uang komplementer, termasuk yang berbasis emas, dapat meningkatkan ketahanan masyarakat terhadap krisis moneter. Namun demikian, kajian tentang hal ini masih jarang, terutama tentang peranan emas yang menganggur (idle gold). Aceh merupakan satu provinsi di Indonesia yang memiliki hak otonomi khusus untuk menerapkan syariat Islam. Penelitian ini mencoba merekomendasikan model mata uang komplementer berdasarkan emas, untuk diimplementasikan di Aceh. Penelitian dilakukan dengan wawancara tidak terstruktur dengan stakeholders dari ulama, pemimpin masyarakat, pelaku bisnis, dan pemerintah. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa stakeholders setuju, mendukung, dan merekomendasikan penggunaan mata uang komplementer di Aceh. Selain itu, model ini dipercaya dapat bermanfaat bagi perekonomian, kehidupan sosial, dan penerapan nilai Islam serta persaidaraan. Namun demikian, tantangan yang paling utama adalah dukungan pemerintah dan keterlibatannya dalam pengembangan dan implementasi model ini.Kata kunci: Complementary Currency, Aceh Economy, Gold-Based Money, Islamic Currency
  • The Value of Customer Loyalty and Satisfaction in Antam’s Precious Metal Products (A Kano Model Analysis)

    Rahmawati, Nur (Faculty of Shariah and Law, 2020-12-31)
    Abstract. This researcher aims to map and analyze the customer loyalty and satisfaction of Antam's Precious Metal (LM) products through four categories of the Kano model. These include one dimensional or performance needs, must be or basic needs, attractive or excitement needs, and indifferent needs. This is a qualitative research with data obtained from interviews, observation and documentation. The study shows that the value of customer loyalty and satisfaction in Precious Metal products, referring to the Kano model analysis, is included in the one-dimensional or performance requirements. Here, the level of satisfaction is directly proportional to the performance attributes. This means that the performance attributes can affect the level of customer satisfaction. Pure Gold, as an Antam’s Precious Metal products, is not considered as must-be or basic needs. It is regarded as attractive or excitement needs due to the rapid development of PT. Antam which is strongly influenced by the quality and development of its product attributes, especially the precious metal products. This study proposes the formation of classification of customer satisfaction using the Kano model and customer loyalty so that it provides benefits in terms of the classification of customer satisfaction.Keywords: Loyalty, Satisfaction, Customer, Antam and Kano Model Analysis Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memetakan dan menganalisis loyalitas dan kepuasan konsumen produk Logam Mulia (LM) Antam melalui empat kategori model Kano yaitu: one dimensional atau performance needs, must be atau basic needs, atractive atau excitement needs, dan Indifferent. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif dengan data yang diperoleh melalui wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa nilai loyalitas dan kepuaan konsumen pada LM Antam, perspektif model Kano, masuk pada kategori one dimensional atau performance needs. Ini berarti tingkat kepuasan berbanding lurus dengan kinerja atribut, sehingga berdampak pada tingginya kepuasan konsumen. Sedangkan emas LM Antam tidak masuk kategori must be atau basic needs, atractive atau excitement needs, dan Indifferent karena perkembangan pesat PT. Antam saat ini sangat dipengaruhi oleh kualitas dan perkembangan Atribut produk, khususnya pada LM Antam. Hasil penelitian tersebut berimplikasi pada terbentuknya klasifikasi kepuasan konsumen dengan menggunakan model Kano dan loyalitas konsumen. Hal ini memberikan manfaat dalam hal klasifikasi kepuasan konsumen.Kata kunci: Loyalitas, Kepuasan, Konsumen, Antam dan Model Kano
  • Analysis of the Decision of Muslim Investors in Sharia Mutual Funds Investing with Maqasid Al-Sharia Approaches

    Ibrahim, Mohamad Andri (Faculty of Shariah and Law, 2020-12-31)
    Abstract. This study is a quantitative survey research, namely statistical test data analysis in the form of multiple linear regression with purposive sampling. The data collection method was by distributing questionnaires to 200 participants of the Bareksa Fund Academy training. The results show that the decision of Muslim investors in investing in Islamic mutual funds is influenced by the maqasid sharia principle approach. Meanwhile, the result of F count is significant at 49,141, meaning that, overall, there is an influence of the factors of the maqasid sharia approach on investment decisions (value). This also implies that there is a significant influence of the variables of maintaining religion, soul, sense, and treasure on the investment decisions. Meanwhile, the variable maintaining offspring does not show any effect, because the probability is 0.961> 0.05. Keywords: Investment, Islamic Mutual Funds, Islamic Maqasid Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis keputusan investor Muslim dalam berinvestasi di reksadana syariah dengan pendekatan maqashid syariah. Penelitian ini juga untuk mengetahui pengaruh dan faktor dominan dari pendekatan maqashid syariah (menjaga agama, jiwa, akal, harta, dan keturunan) terhadap keputusan (nilai) investasi. Survey kuantitatif dipilih sebagai pendekatan penelitian, yaitu dengan analisis data uji statistik berupa regresi linear berganda dengan purposive sampling. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan penyebaran kuesioner kepada para peserta pelatihan Bareksa Fund Academy, sebanyak 200 peserta. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa keputusan investor Muslim dalam berinvestasi di reksadana syariah dipengaruhi oleh pendekatan prinsip maqashid syariah. Sedangkan, hasil F hitung signifikan sebesar 49,141 artinya, secara keseluruhan terdapat pengaruh pada faktorfaktor pendekatan maqashid syariah terhadap keputusan (nilai) investasi. Ini berarti juga terdapat pengaruh pada variabel menjaga agama, jiwa, akal, dan harta secara signifikan terhadap keputusan investasi tersebut. Namun demikian, variabel menjaga keturunan tidak berpengaruh karena probabilitas 0,961>0,05. Kata kunci: Investasi, Reksadana Syariah, Maqashid Syariah
  • Islamic Social Reporting and Halal Business Performance

    Budiandru, Budiandru (Faculty of Shariah and Law, 2020-12-31)
    Abstract. Islamic social reporting (ISR) is used to assess a company's social performance based on Islamic principles. Islamic social performance reports will influence investors' decisions in investing. This research is to analyze factors influencing the Islamic Corporate Social Responsibility report. Data is obtained from the annual reports of 44 companies in the halal industry sector from 2013-2018, and analyzed using the Random Effect Model (REM) method. In this research, interest on debt-based Sharia Screening (SS) is divided by total assets with a maximum tolerance of 45 percent; the companies’ net-based Profitability (PRV) is divided by the total assets (ROA), and total debt-based leverage (LEV) is divided by equity (DER). The result is that Sharia Screening, Profitability, and Leverage affect ISR reporting. Increasing sharia screening and leverage will decrease ISR reporting, while increasing profitability will increase ISR reporting. Thus, the increase and decrease in this variable affect the companies’ decision to report the ISR. Therefore, companies must improve their financial performance to improve corporate social responsibility disclosure quality, which is very important for stakeholders in investing. Keywords: Islamic Social Reporting, Random Effect Model, Sharia Screening, Profitability, Leverage Abstrak. Pelaporan sosial Islam digunakan untuk menilai kinerja sosial perusahaan berdasarkan prinsip-prinsip Islam. Laporan kinerja sosial Islam akan mempengaruhi keputusan investor dalam berinvestasi. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi laporan sosial Islam dengan menggunakan 44 perusahaan sektor industri halal, data tahunan tahun 2013-2018, dan menggunakan metode random effect model (REM). Syariah Screening (SS) berbasis pada hutang bunga dibagi total aset dengan toleransi maksimal 45 persen, Profitabilitas (PRV) berbasis pada laba bersih perusahaan dibagi total aset (ROA), dan leverage (LEV) berbasis pada total hutang dibagi ekuitas (DER). Hasilnya adalah syariah screening, profitabilitas, dan leverage mempengaruhi pelaporan sosial Islam. Peningkatan syariah screening dan leverage akan menurunkan pelaporan ISR, sedangkan peningkatan profitabilitas akan meningkatkan pelaporan ISR. Dengan demikian kenaikan dan penurunan variabel ini mempengaruhi keputusan perusahaan untuk melaporkan ISR. Oleh karena itu, perusahaan harus meningkatkan kinerja keuangannya untuk meningkatkan kualitas pelaporan sosial Islam yang sangat penting bagi stakeholders dalam berinvestasi. Kata kunci: Pelaporan Sosial Islam, Random Effect Model, Syaria Screening, Profitabilitas, Leverage
  • Examining the key influencing factors on college students’ higher-order thinking skills in the smart classroom environment

    Kaili Lu; Harrison H. Yang; Yinghui Shi; Xuan Wang (SpringerOpen, 2021-01-01)
    Abstract To understand the development of students’ higher-order thinking skills (HOTS) in the smart classroom environment, a structural equation modeling analysis was used to examine the relationships between key factors that influence students’ learning and their HOTS within a smart classroom environment. A sample of 217 first-year Chinese college students, who studied in a smart classroom environment for one semester, completed a survey that measures their smart classroom preferences, learning motivation, learning strategy, peer interaction, and HOTS. The results indicated that peer interaction and learning motivation had a direct impact on students’ HOTS. Furthermore, indirect effects were found between students’ learning strategy and HOTS through the mediator peer interaction, and between smart classroom preferences and HOTS through the following: learning motivation, the combination of learning strategy and peer interaction, and the combination of learning motivation, learning strategy and peer interaction. Based on these findings, this study recommends that instructors teaching in a smart learning environment should focus on improving peer interaction and learning motivation, as well as smart classroom preferences and learning strategy, to hone students’ HOTS.

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