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  • Open Data for Sustainable Development

    Gurin, Joel; Manley, Laura; Petrov, Oleg (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-04-06)
    The “open data” principle is becoming an increasingly
 important part of the data revolution, which is
 recognized worldwide as a key engine for achieving the
 post-2015 UN Sustainable Development Goals. Open
 data—publicly available online information that can
 be used for any purpose at little or no cost—represent
 one of the most underutilized key assets of modern
 government. Open data initiatives are often directed
 at converting open data into formats that can be
 reused for private sector development, jobs creation,
 economic growth, and more effective governance and
 citizen engagement. A 2013 study estimated that using
 open data in seven sectors of economic activity could
 create $3 trillion to $5 trillion annually in economic
 value worldwide. The direct, annual economic value of
 public governmental data has been estimated at up to €40 billion for the European Union and £2
 billion for the United Kingdom. Numerous examples illustrate how the use of open data can give
 significant support to achieving the post-2015 UN Sustainable Development Goals.
  • Children´s rigths in an age of information and communication technologies

    Buxarrais Estrada, María Rosa; Martínez Martín, Miquel (2004)
    We live in a socio-cultural, informational and technological context that poses new educational challenges for society in general but above all for children. In this paper, we present a proposal that should help to maximise the capacity of children to face the challenges presented by today’s society. We draw attention to the fact that in an age of information technology such as ours, children as a group risk marginalization. The children’s bill of rights in the XXI century needs to build on those drawn up in the XX century and should be extended to include those rights that safeguard life styles and living conditions and a child’s right to play and learn, in keeping with the specific conditions of the XXI century. To this end, we frame a proposal concerning the rights of children in a society increasingly dominated by information and communication technologies. Throughout Europe, there is much current debate about children’s rights linked with mass media and information and communication technologies. We describe several projects that offer hope for the promotion of greater responsibility on the part of the mass media given their pervasive ability to shape thinking, projects that may help to mitigate the influence of the media, including information and communication technologies on children.
  • Children's Rights in an Age of Information and Communication Technologies

    Buxarrais, Maria Rosa; Martinez, Miguel (Fueen's University, 2008-06-03)
    We live in a socio-cultural, informational and technological context that poses new educational challenges for society in general but above all for children. In this paper, we present a proposal that should help to maximise the capacity of children to face the challenges presented by today’s society. We draw attention to the fact that in an age of information technology such as ours, children as a group risk marginalization. The children’s bill of rights in the XXI century needs to build on those drawn up in the XX century and should be extended to include those rights that safeguard life styles and living conditions and a child’s right to play and learn, in keeping with the specific conditions of the XXI century. To this end, we frame a proposal concerning the rights of children in a society increasingly dominated by information and communication technologies. Throughout Europe, there is much current debate about children’s rights linked with mass media and information and communication technologies. We describe several projects that offer hope for the promotion of greater responsibility on the part of the mass media given their pervasive ability to shape thinking, projects that may help to mitigate the influence of the media, including information and communication technologies on children.
  • INTERNET CENSORSHIP IN CHINA

    House, Joseph (Creator); Acharya, Amitav (Thesis advisor); Novotny, Eric (Other) (American University, 2011)
    Degree awarded: M.A. School of International Service. American University
  • 論網路匿名言論之保障-以身分揭露程序為中心

    鍾安; Chung, An
      在網路世界中,人們以匿名表達意見遠比現實生活中更為容易,這件事已劇烈地改變了匿名言論的量與質。從好的面向看,匿名帶來自主,讓異議者可以透過網路匿名,表達可能永遠都不敢在眾人面前說出來的真正想法,讓觀念市場變得多元豐富;另一方面,匿名提高了追究責任的困難。相較於現實世界的言論,損害他人或構成犯罪的惡質網路匿名言論,將造成影響更深遠且永久的傷害。   目前,關於網路匿名言論的管制方式,世界各國政府都是仰賴「事後追懲模式」和「實名認證模式」的其中一種。前者是網路使用者原則上可以匿名地發表言論,但如果發表不當言論並造成傷害,受害者或國家可以揭露其身份以對其展開司法追訴;後者是網路使用者在張貼言論前,必須先向國家機關指定的網路業者交出個人真實身份資料以進行驗證後,才能匿名發言,或甚至完全禁止以匿名方式發言,讓網路使用者感受到被眾人監督的壓力,不敢發表不當內容。   本文主張,網路匿名言論是受到憲法所保障的權利,而「事後追懲模式」相較於「實名認證模式」,較能調和不同權利間的衝突。不過,儘管我國政府採取此模式,卻在設計民刑事訴訟制度時,漏未導入匿名言論權利的思考,導致網路匿名表意者一經策略性訴訟攻擊,真實身份就會立即暴露,使得匿名表意自由不過徒有虛幻表象。因此,本文建議,為落實對匿名言論自由的保護,立法者宜參考美國法,修改部分訴訟法來處理此問題。

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