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  • Software protection and patent law in the innovation technology industry and smart buildings

    Metallidou, Chrysi; Μεταλλίδου, Χρυσή (Πανεπιστήμιο Μακεδονίας, 2020)
    We are moving through the era of technological innovation, artificial intelligence, Industry 4.0, as it is called. The integration of smart technology into all sectors of society is a reality and a mean to facilitate and simplify everyday life. In this information technology industry, the development of new technology achievements influences and inspires the business world, serves and contributes to the progress of society. This rapidly evolving technological advancement needs a legal framework in order to obtain social and commercial status. Patent Law is the legal science and patent is the legal tool that adds value to intangible assets and therefore technology scientists are motivated to ensure their invention with a patent and also dominant technology enterprises are competing for the development of a strong patent portfolio. This doctoral thesis deals with the legal frame that Patent Law provides for an inventor to grant a European patent or an international one. In addition, for the first time in Greece, combining the fields of Intellectual Property Law and technological innovation, in this thesis, a survey is conducted using a questionnaire that was distributed in 2019, to graduated students of technology institutes in Greece. The purpose of the survey is to clarify the knowhow of students as for the legal aspects of technology. Regarding the results of the survey, it is vital to apply measures in education, for the next generation technical inventors to have the knowhow of utilizing their intellectual asset in their own free will. Further, this thesis introduces and presents smart technology and its application in society, by directly exploiting the Internet of Energy (IoE) and the Internet of Things technology (IoT) into distributed energy systems, with the aim to achieve energy efficiency, to avoid energy wasting, and improve environmental conditions. In addition, this thesis refers to European’s Union legislation for the gradually transformation of the building potential of all European Member States into smart buildings. The thesis presents the development of a smart building template that manages the performance of all technical systems through IoT technology, with the view of achieving energy efficiency. Furthermore, in order to improve the certification of existing buildings, as for energy performance, an automated remote control method is proposed, supported by cloud interface. This method minimizes time consuming procedures and stores, on a cloud platform, the energy performance of each building, for the purpose of drawing conclusions and applying measures. Eventually, this thesis intends to contribute to the state of the art by informing technological scientists on how to cope with innovation in industry of technology, by introducing a smart building template for the construction of smart buildings according to the Energy Efficient Directive and by developing a smart method for managing and monitoring the technical elements of a building, which will also serve in the inspection of buildings as for energy efficiency. Accordingly, the protection of the environment will strengthen, carbon emissions will reduce and cities will improve sustainability.
  • Ljudövervakningssystem för smarta städer : Designriktlinjer i enlighet med svensk lagstiftning

    Skiöld, Martin; Näslund Eriksson, Tobias (Uppsala universitet, InformationssystemUppsala universitet, Informationssystem, 2016)
    This paper investigates how audio monitoring systems should be designed, in the context of smart cities and in accordance with Swedish legislation. Audio monitoring for smart cities is promising and have previously shown great potential. However its opportunities are still relatively unexplored. ShotSpotter is one of several examples of audio monitoring in the context of smart cities. In the US only, the system has successfully been used to alert and locate shootings in over 90 cities. However, the technology is surrounded by controversies and there has been debate whether audio monitoring systems are compatible with law. Compatibility is critical since incompatibility could result in severe sanctions. Research related to this paper has been conducted according to the Design Science research strategy. The research resulted in design guidelines for audio monitoring systems, for law enforcement purposes, in accordance with Swedish law. The design guidelines are based upon existing audio monitoring systems, previous research and empirical data. The empirical data consists of 12 interviews with experts in law, phonetics and digital forensics. Additionally, the design guidelines have been evaluated by an expert in a criteria-based evaluation interview. Results of the research shows that it is, in fact, possible to design audio monitoring systems, in the context of smart cities, in accordance with Swedish legislation. The design guidelines can be applied in the development of audio monitoring systems with law enforcement purposes. With some modification, they can also be used for audio monitoring systems with other purposes. 
  • Birds of a Feather Flock Together: Nordic Defense Cooperation in a Globalized World - A Qualitative Case Study on Cyber Defense within NORDEFCO

    De Wilde, Pieter; Aae, Mari Cecilie (NTNU, 2018-06-27)
    The Nordic region consists of small states eager to cooperate in order to protect its citizens and territory. Since the end of the Cold War, the Nordic states have openly developed a closer cooperation on security and defense policy, and in 2009 the Nordic Defense Cooperation (NORDEFCO) was established. One increasingly important area of cooperation within this framework is the development of common cyber defense capabilities. Focusing on NORDEFCO as a regional cooperation, and the use of theories within the global governance approach, this thesis contributes to the discussion on regionalism in the case of cyber defense. By concentrating on motivations for regional cooperation, the thesis argues that the theoretical framework presented has large explanatory power as to why the Nordic states seek closer cooperation on cyber defense capabilities. Realism and constructivism combined can to a large extent explain why Nordic states seek closer regional cooperation despite membership in other systems/organizations working with developing the same policy area.
  • Birds of a Feather Flock Together: Nordic Defense Cooperation in a Globalized World - A Qualitative Case Study on Cyber Defense within NORDEFCO

    De Wilde, Pieter; Aae, Mari Cecilie (NTNU, 2018-06-27)
    The Nordic region consists of small states eager to cooperate in order to protect its citizens and territory. Since the end of the Cold War, the Nordic states have openly developed a closer cooperation on security and defense policy, and in 2009 the Nordic Defense Cooperation (NORDEFCO) was established. One increasingly important area of cooperation within this framework is the development of common cyber defense capabilities. Focusing on NORDEFCO as a regional cooperation, and the use of theories within the global governance approach, this thesis contributes to the discussion on regionalism in the case of cyber defense. By concentrating on motivations for regional cooperation, the thesis argues that the theoretical framework presented has large explanatory power as to why the Nordic states seek closer cooperation on cyber defense capabilities. Realism and constructivism combined can to a large extent explain why Nordic states seek closer regional cooperation despite membership in other systems/organizations working with developing the same policy area.
  • Das materielle Computerstrafrecht

    Bergauer, Christian (Jan Sramek Verlag, 2016)
    The aims of the present study are to describe the modern forms of cybercrime and analyze the substantive computer-specific offences of the Austrian Penal Code by the means of specialist literature and – as available – relevant judgments. Based on the debate about the terms “cybercrime” or “computer criminal law” and the term of data in the Austrian Penal Code, the specific substantive computer-specific offences, including the penal provision of the Data Protection Code concerning the criminal protection of personal data, are presented and discussed systematically.

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