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  • Managing Personal Data Security in E-Government Processes

    Hemin MUHAMMAD; Ludek LUKAS (University of Security Management in Košice, 2020-06-01)
    The aim of this article is an analysis of managing personal information security within information
 systems in government organizations. Personal data protection and organization records can be
 guaranteed as necessary in appropriate legislation, regulations, contractual sections, and technical solutions. Therefore, the research focus on legal and technical approaches that required
 for securing personal information as well as some specific threaten are shown. General Data
 Protection Regulation (GDPR) as a powerful regulation for protecting individual’s data is
 discussed with a concentrate on Electronic Identification, Authentication, and Trust Services
 (eIDAS). eIDAS is controlling electronic signatures, electronic transactions, and other
 transactions in order to deliver a safe method for users to do online businesses. It makes
 participants and receivers obtain more security and suitability that provide. In the technical
 section, most of the necessary information that requires protecting personal data and building a
 highly secure information system are studied. Besides, the main threatens on an information
 system and personal data are illustrated by introducing solutions for each of the presented threats.
  • E-government as anti-bureaucracy state technology: theoretical and legal characteristic

    В. В. Сухонос (Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, 2015-11-01)
    Problem setting. In today's Ukraine reform encountered not only external but also to internal obstacles. The latter were associated not only with the lack of political will, but also with insufficient theoretical knowledge of individuals who organizes changes. Moreover, getting public office, reformers become a part of the bureaucratic state machinery and experiencing significant resistance change. This primarily occurs because of changes that the organizers do not understand the essence of bureaucracy, and therefore can not overcome its negative features. Recent research and publications analysis. In independent Ukraine the majority of works are devoted to problems of organization of public administration, mainly concentrated around corruption. However, the issue of red tape mostly ignored by the overwhelming majority state researchers. As an exception we can mention common work of V. Tsvetkova and V. Gorbatenko «Democracy – Management – Bureaucracy», in which, inter alia, considered «loss, achievements and prospects of the modernization of Ukrainian society» through the prism of theories of bureaucracy. The reform of the state mechanism have also been the subject of research, both domestic and foreign researchers. Here, in particular, we can recall the work P. Rudyk, A. Yuschyk and joint research experts and World Bank N. Manning and N. Parison and Ukrainian scientists P. Klimushkin and A. Serenok who paid a lot of attention to e-governance as a cornerstone of any factor as modern reforms. Without belittling the achievements of the above scientists should keep in mind that none of them considered reforming the state mechanism in the context of changes in the bureaucracy any other state technology, in particular e-government. Their attention is focused only on the fundamental problems of bureaucracy and e-government. Paper objective. That is why the purpose of this article is the study of e-government as anti-bureaucratic state technology. To achieve this goal should address the following interrelated tasks. First, consider the bureaucracy as leading to present-day technology. Second, analyze the bureaucracy as a "disease" state apparatus in terms of social instability. Third, explore e-government as the official technology that has strong anti-bureaucratic capacity. Paper main body. The article analyzes the correlation of «bureaucracy» and «red tape» categories. In particular, the bureaucracy is seen as an exaggerated feature of bureaucracy that almost negates its advantages. The author justifies the idea that the bureaucracy is inherently incapable of any development organization. E-government is viewed as anti-bureaucracy. Conclusions of the research. As we see in terms of instability bureaucracy loses all its positive potential and acquires the features bureaucracy. Radical is overcome bureaucracy becomes possible only if to change bureaucracy to some anti-bureaucratic state technology, in particular for e-government.
  • E-GOVERNMENT DALAM PENYELENGGARAAN PEMERINTAHAN DAERAH DI INDONESIA

    Titon Slamet Kurnia; Umbu Rauta; Arie Siswanto (University of Diponegoro, Faculty of Law, 2017-04-01)
    Tulisan ini hendak mengkaji pemanfaatan E-Government (Electronic Government) dalam penyelenggaraan pemerintahan daerah di Indonesia dengan menggunakan perspektif yuridis. berupa pengaturan yang sudah ada pada tingkat nasional atau pusat serta saran tindak bagi daerah dalam rangka mengimplementasikan E-Government, terutama pijakan awalnya berupa suatu kerangka hukum (legal framework). Tulisan ini merupakan penelitian hukum dengan menggunakan pendekatan teoretis-konseptual (conceptual approach) dan pendekatan perundang-undangan (statute approach).
  • Towards Checking Laws' Consistency through Ontology Design: The Case of Brazilian Vehicles' Laws

    Freitas, Fred; Candeias, Zacharias; Stuckenschmidt, Heiner (Universidad de Talca: Facultad de Ingeniería, 2011)
    Official documents, and particularly legal ones like law codes, often contain ambiguities and/or inconsistencies, due to linguistic problems like polysemy, as well as ontological problems like underspecification, disagreements and/or false agreements. Such problems can be identified by formalizing the terminology of a domain in terms of an ontology. We show this phenomenon in a particular domain, the definition of different classes of vehicles. Defining accurately these different vehicle types shed light on some of these semantic deficiencies present in two Brazilian legal codes responsible for defining vehicles' categories in an unambiguous manner for many purposes, e.g. tax calculations, and, more importantly, to make egovernment systems interoperate while taking laws into account in a Semantic Web scenario. In this work, we define a framework linking the linguistic and conceptual problems to semantic deficiencies and show how these deficiencies were identified during the vehicles' ontology construction.
  • Towards Checking Laws' Consistency through Ontology Design: The Case of Brazilian Vehicles' Laws

    Freitas,Fred; Candeias Jr,Zacharias; Stuckenschmidt,Heiner (Universidad de Talca, 2011-04-01)
    Official documents, and particularly legal ones like law codes, often contain ambiguities and/or inconsistencies, due to linguistic problems like polysemy, as well as ontological problems like underspecification, disagreements and/or false agreements. Such problems can be identified by formalizing the terminology of a domain in terms of an ontology. We show this phenomenon in a particular domain, the definition of different classes of vehicles. Defining accurately these different vehicle types shed light on some of these semantic deficiencies present in two Brazilian legal codes responsible for defining vehicles' categories in an unambiguous manner for many purposes, e.g. tax calculations, and, more importantly, to make e-government systems interoperate while taking laws into account in a Semantic Web scenario. In this work, we define a framework linking the linguistic and conceptual problems to semantic deficiencies and show how these deficiencies were identified during the vehicles' ontology construction.

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