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From margins to mainstream : how screen and creative industries developed in the Northern Rivers region of NSW : 2000–2010This thesis explores the proposition that growth and development in the screen and creative industries is not confined to the major capital cities. Lifestyle considerations, combined with advances in digital technology, convergence and greater access to broadband are altering requirements for geographic location, and creative workers are being drawn away from the big metropolises to certain regional areas. Regional screen industry enclaves are emerging outside of London, in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland, in Nova Scotia in Canada and in New Zealand. In the Australian context, the proposition is tested in an area regarded as a ‘special case’ in creative industry expansion: the Northern Rivers region of NSW. A key feature of the ‘specialness’ of this region is the large number of experienced, credited producers who live and operate their businesses within the region. The development of screen and creative industries in the Northern Rivers over the decade 2000 – 2010 has implications for regional regeneration and offers new insights into the rapidly changing screen industry landscape. This development also has implications for creative industry discourse, especially the dominance of the urban in creative industries thought. The research is pioneering in a number of ways. Building on the work conducted for my Masters thesis in 2000, a second study was conducted during the research phase, adapting creative industries theory and mapping methods, which have been largely city and nation-centric, and applying them to a regional context. The study adopted an action research approach as an industry development strategy for screen industries, while at the same time developing fine-grained ground up methods for collecting primary quantitative data on the size and scope of the creative industries. In accordance with the action research framework, the researcher also acted in the dual roles of industry activist and screen industry producer in the region. The central focus of the research has been both to document and contribute to the growth and development of screen and creative industries over the past decade in the Northern Rivers region. These interventions, along with policy developments at both a local and national level, and broader global shifts, have had the effect of repositioning the sector from a marginal one to a priority area considered integral to the future economic and cultural life of the region. The research includes a detailed mapping study undertaken in 2005 with comparisons to an earlier 2000 study and to ABS data for 2001 and 2006 to reveal growth trends. It also includes two case studies of projects that developed from idea to production and completion in the region during the decade in question. The studies reveal the drivers, impediments and policy implications for sustaining the development of screen industries in a regional area. A major finding of the research was the large and increasing number of experienced producers who operate within the region and the leadership role they play in driving the development of the emerging local industry. The two case studies demonstrate the impact of policy decisions on local screen industry producers and their enterprises. A brief overview of research in other regional areas is presented, including two international examples, and what they reveal about regional regeneration. Implications are drawn for creative industries discourse and regional development policy challenges for the future.
Do data policy restrictions inhibit trade in services?This paper examines whether restrictive data policies impact trade in services over the internet. We have collected comparable information on a variety of policy measures that regulate data for a wide group of countries for the years 2006-2016. This information is compiled in a weighted index that assesses the restrictiveness of these countries’ data policies. We distinguish between policies regulating the cross-border movement of data and policies regulating the domestic use of data. Using econometric estimations, we show that strict data policies negatively and significantly impact imports of data-intense services. Therefore, countries applying restrictive data policies, in particular with respect to the cross-border flow of data, suffer from lower levels of services traded over the internet. This negative impact is stronger for countries with better developed digital networks. The results of our analysis are significant and hold for various robustness checks.
Rethinking Learning in a Digital Age: Outcomes from EDUsummIT 2017This article presents the scholarly articles that were written after the 2017 EDUsummIT, based on discussions within the Thematic Working Groups during the meeting itself. The article also present the Call to Action that was consolidated from the closing statements of the nine EDUsummIT 2017 Thematic Working Groups.
What's happening to our news: An investigation into the likely impact of the digital revolution on the economics of news publishing in the UKThis book looks at how the quality and commercial viability of British journalism are under critical threat from the digital revolution. Advertisers are deserting newspapers and television news programmes for the web, draining resources away from newsgathering. Threatening to ‘hollow out’ the craft of journalism, this process has potentially serious civic consequences. News companies have turned to the internet to expand their reach and profit from digital advertising. Many are developing a strong multimedia presence and providing information in web-friendly bite-size chunks, but advertisers increasingly favour search engines over standalone news sites. The outlook is made worse by the current recession, which is accelerating the migration of advertising from traditional media to the web.
La regulación del comercio electrónico transfronterizo en los acuerdos comerciales: algunas implicaciones de política para América Latina y el CaribeLa creciente relevancia del comercio electrónico ha generado un debate sobre los desafíos regulatorios que este plantea, y sobre los eventuales cambios requeridos en la gobernanza del comercio mundial. En ausencia de avances significativos a nivel multilateral, en la última década y media han proliferado los acuerdos comerciales preferenciales (ACP) que contienen disposiciones sobre comercio electrónico. Estas son muy diversas en su amplitud y profundidad, lo que refleja las distintas visiones de los principales actores de la economía digital sobre cómo se debe regular dicho comercio.
Este documento analiza cómo los países de la región han buscado regular el comercio electrónico en sus ACP, inicialmente con socios extrarregionales y más recientemente en algunos acuerdos intrarregionales.