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  • Examining Semitic Rhetoric: A Qur’anic Sciences Perspective

    Asnawi, Aqdi Rofiq; Idri, Idri (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2020-12-31)
    In his study of Qur’anic structure, Michel Cuypers applied Semitic Rhetoric that has been used to analyze Biblical structure. Despite having received positive responses from Gabriel Said Reynolds and others, Cuypers’ method was criticized by Nicolai Sinai for ignoring rhyme in the Qur’an and overdoing in maintaining the existence of the ring structure in the Qur’an. This paper, then, attempts to examine this analytic method from the perspective of the Qur’anic sciences’ (‘ulu>m al-Qur’a>n). This study aims to determine proportionally the characteristics of the method and the effect it produces by using descriptive-analytic and comparative research methods. This paper argues that there are subjectivity and inconsistency in dividing the text and determining the structure of its composition, as in the study of surah al-Qa>ri‘ah by Cuypers, and an ignorance of the information about reasons for the revelations (asba>b al-nuzu>l) and Prophet’s explanation about verses. However, the application of this method can lead to a new interpretation of the Qur’an, namely by using the information in the Qur’an itself, indicators of wording around it (siya>q), and verse correlation (muna>saba>t). On the other hand, this method supports the authenticity and coherence of the Qur’anic text, which has become a debate among the Orientalists.
  • Nursi’s Sufism Without Sufi Order: A Centemporary Debate Among The Ulama

    STAI Sunan Pandanaran: Ilmu Tasawuf; Munandar, Siswoyo Aris; Sakhok, Jazilus; Astuti, Puji; Malikhaturrahma, Elia (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2020-12-31)
    Some scholars think that people who take up religious beliefs are synonymous with being committed so that many people want to have tarekat. Even so, there are scholars like Badiuzzaman Said Nursi who think that tasawuf does not have to be committed. The statement of Sufism and sufi order according to Nursi is a way to recognize the nature of faith and the essence of the Qor’an to become a spiritual path under the guidance of the Prophet's sunnah. For Nursi, the spiritual activator is dhikr to Allah and continuous tafakkur to eliminate gloom, fear, and a sense of alienation from humans. The problem in this research is how the basic thoughts of Sufism Nursi and how the thoughts of Nursi about tasawuf without being committed. This study aims to determine the thoughts of Nursi about Sufism without any commitment. The results of this study are expected to provide a new understanding of the context of Sufism. This research is qualitative research that emphasizes library research. The type of approach carried out uses a socio-historical approach. Data collection was done by using the documentation method. Data analysis was performed using content analysis techniques. The analysis was carried out by proving the contents of the book, then analyzed and matched with existing data. This research also uses the method of interpretation (hermeneutic) so that Nursi's thoughts can be understood in a broader context and his childhood Nursi and his family adhered to the Nahsyabandiyah sufi order. Even so, Nursi stated firmly that he was not a follower of a sufi order. If the conventional view says that the nature path must be through sufi order, Nursi says: the nature path is sufficient through the Qur'an and following the behavior of the Prophet Muhammad. These characteristics can be used to describe al-Nursi's model of Sufism, namely sufism without sufi order. The results showed that Sufism without sufi order, according to Nursi, is someone who has sufism does not have to follow the teachings of a sufi order that has a teacher or murshid, only by always making dhikr glorifying the name of Allah, and always carrying out God's mandatory commands and sunnah so he will feel close God. I think Nursi thinking is something new that will make it easier for someone to be closer to Allah
  • Negotiative Hermeneutics of Khaled Abou El Fadl: Truth Postponement and Negotiating The Meaning of Text in Speaking In God's Name

    Syaddad, Irza Anwar (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2020-12-31)
    This study aims to map the ontological and epistemological aspects of Negotiative Hermeneutics through a philosophical approach. Negotiative Hermeneutics is a new hermeneutic model initiated by Khaled Abou El Fadl to criticize gender-biased and misogyny fatwas issued by Al-Lajnah ad-Dā`imah li al-Buhūts al-'Ilmiyyah wa al-Iftā`, or the Fatwa Committee Saudi Arabia. Prioritizing texts understanding through a psychological, social context, and other perspective makes this model different from other hermeneutics. Negotiative Hermeneutics more focuses on the negotiation process for sustainable in the three pillars of hermeneutics: author, text, and reader. This iterative process on linguistic, cultural, etc. This study analyzed the weaknesses of the Negotiative Hermeneutics negotiation movement based on the misogyny fatwa case of the Saudi Arabian Fatwa Committee using the critical discourse analysis method. The results indicated that the text is ontologically sacred and authoritative; authorship of the Quran and the Prophet Sunnah stopped at the first author. The epistemological viewed meaning is obtained from endless negotiations among the three pillars of hermeneutics. The weakness is Khaled's disregard for the fact that the ulama's fatwa depends on royal authority. Last, the significance of this paper, especially regarding the shortcomings in Khaled's theory, is to present evidence that a fatwa produced by the ulama's ijtihad is not autonomous at all, even from the ulama itself, because it is also the result of a bargaining chip between ulama and the royal authority
  • Fanaticism of Madzhab in Interpretation: Study of The Book of Aḥkam al-Qur’an By al-Jaṣṣaṣ

    Afifah, Farida Nur (Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2020-12-31)
    Tafsir ʼAḥkam Al-Qurʻan is one of the works of Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Razi al-Jaṣaṣ, that is interesting to research. In addition to his fanatical interpretation of the Hanafi madzhab, this interpretation is also often perceived as incompatible with the verse spoken (out of context). It’s used as a reference to society in the middle ages, where the Qur'an was dominated by its use for political, madzhab, or ideological purposes to defend certain interests. In addition to the important book, it’s unique in terms of its characteristics, therefore it will examine the Tafsir ʼAḥkam Al-Qurʻan in terms biography of al-Jaṣaṣ, the background of interpreting writing, interpretation methods, systematics and discussion of the book, as well as some examples of the interpretation of the book. This article uses descriptional method of analysis library. As for the results of this study al-Jaṣṣaṣ in compiling his book is inconsistent in terms of patterns, methods, or systems. al-Jaṣṣaṣ who is too fanatical in his madzhab has an effect on his interpretation based on reason. Many interpretations are poured out of his own mind and sometimes go astray. He also gave a scathing comment to another madzhab who disagreed with al-Jaṣaṣ.
  • Alexa, Are You Listening?

    Sweeney, Miriam; Davis, Emma (Library Information Technology Association, 2021-01-04)
    Smart voice assistants have expanded from personal use in the home to applications in public services and educational spaces. The library and information science (LIS) trade literature suggests that libraries are part of this trend, however there are few empirical studies that explore how libraries are implementing smart voice assistants in their services, and how these libraries are mitigating the potential patron data privacy issues posed by these technologies. This study fills this gap by reporting on the results of a national survey that documents how libraries are integrating voice assistant technologies (e.g., Amazon Echo, Google Home) into their services, programming, and checkout programs. The survey also surfaces some of the key privacy concerns of library workers in regard to implementing voice assistants in library services. We find that although voice assistant use might not be mainstreamed in library services in high numbers (yet), libraries are clearly experimenting with (and having internal conversations with their staff about) using these technologies. The responses to our survey indicate that library workers have many savvy privacy concerns about the use of voice assistants in library services that are critical to address in advance of library institutions riding the wave of emerging technology adoption. This research has important implications for developing library practices, policies, and education opportunities that place patron privacy as a central part of digital literacy in an information landscape characterized by ubiquitous smart surveillant technologies.

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