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  • Peer Review and Publication of Research Protocols and Proposals: A Role for Open Access Journals

    Eysenbach, Gunther (Gunther Eysenbach; Centre for Global eHealth Innovation, Toronto, Canada, 2005-12-22)
    [This item is a preserved copy and is not necessarily the most recent version. To view the current item, visit http://www.jmir.org/2004/3/e37/ ] : Peer-review and publication of research protocols offer several advantages to all parties involved. Among these are the following opportunities for authors: external expert opinion on the methods, demonstration to funding agencies of prior expert review of the protocol, proof of priority of ideas and methods, and solicitation of potential collaborators. We think that review and publication of protocols is an important role for Open Access journals. Because of their electronic form, openness for readers, and author-pays business model, they are better suited than traditional journals to ensure the sustainability and quality of protocol reviews and publications. In this editorial, we describe the workflow for investigators in eHealth research, from protocol submission to a funding agency, to protocol review and (optionally) publication at JMIR, to registration of trials at the International eHealth Study Registry (IESR), and to publication of the report. One innovation at JMIR is that protocol peer reviewers will be paid a honorarium, which will be drawn partly from a new submission fee for protocol reviews. Separating the article processing fee into a submission and a publishing fee will allow authors to opt for “peer-review only” (without subsequent publication) at reduced costs, if they wish to await a funding decision or for other reasons decide not to make the protocol public.
  • Helsa løs på nettet

    Veimo, Marit Arnesen; Aasen, Sigrun Espelien (intervjuobjekt); Eli Kristoffersen (intervjuobjekt) (Innherreds folkeblad Verdalingen, 2012-03-19)
  • Privacy, Poverty, and Big Data: A Matrix of Vulnerabilities for Poor Americans

    Madden, Mary; Gilman, Michele; Levy, Karen; Marwick, Alice (Washington University Open Scholarship, 2017-01-01)
    This Article examines the matrix of vulnerabilities that low-income people face as a result of the collection and aggregation of big data and the application of predictive analytics. On one hand, big data systems could reverse growing economic inequality by expanding access to opportunities for low-income people. On the other hand, big data could widen economic gaps by making it possible to prey on low-income people or to exclude them from opportunities due to biases entrenched in algorithmic decision-making tools. New kinds of “networked privacy” harms, in which users are simultaneously held liable for their own behavior and the actions of those in their networks, may have particularly negative impacts on the poor. This Article reports on original empirical findings from a large, nationally-representative telephone survey with an oversample of low-income American adults, and highlights how these patterns make particular groups of low-status Internet users uniquely vulnerable to various forms of surveillance and networked privacy-related problems.In particular, a greater reliance on mobile connectivity, combined with lower usage of privacy-enhancing strategies, may contribute to various privacy and security-related harms. The Article then discusses three scenarios in which big data—including data gathered from social media inputs—is being aggregated to make predictions about individual behavior: employment screening, access to higher education, and predictive policing. Analysis of the legal frameworks surrounding these case studies reveals a lack of legal protections to counter digital discrimination against low-income people. In light of these legal gaps, the Article assesses leading proposals for enhancing digital privacy through the lens of class vulnerability, including comprehensive consumer privacy legislation, digital literacy, notice and choice regimes, and due process approaches. As policymakers consider reforms, the Article urges greater attention to impacts on low-income persons and communities.
  • Impact of social media in security and crisis management: a review

    Centre de recherche sur les Risques et les Crises (CRC) ; MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris-PSL Research University (PSL); Université Paris 13 (UP13); THALES COMMUNICATIONS & SECURITY ; THALES; Gendarmerie Nationale ; Gendarmerie Nationale; Communauté d'Agglomération Havraise (CODAH) ; CODAH; Wybo, Jean-Luc; Fogelman Soulié, Francoise; Catherine, Gouttas; Freyssinet, Eric; Lions, Patrick (HAL CCSDInderscience, 2015)
    International audience

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