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  • The Internet as a global public good and the role of governments and multilateral organizations in global internet governance

    Mario Rodrigo Canazza (Instituto Brasileiro de Relações Internacionais, 2018-04-01)
    The Internet presents social and economic attributes of a global public good, requiring governments and multilateral organizations to play central roles in Internet governance. This article examines the Internet as a global public good, identifies the roles of governments and multilateral organizations in global Internet governance, describes the current status of multi-stakeholder governance, and proposes guidelines to improve international cooperation.
  • 30 anos de governança da internet no Brasil : coalizões e ideias em disputa pela rede

    Radomsky, Guilherme Francisco Waterloo; Evangelista, Rafael de Almeida; Solagna, Fabrício (2020-08-19)
    Esta tese investiga o papel das ideias e convicções na estruturação das políticas de governança da Internet no Brasil, em especial no Comitê Gestor da Internet (CGI.br). Para isso, foram mobilizados o conceito de Coalizões de Defesa ou Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF), proposto por Sabatier (1998), e de Poder Tridimensional de Lukes (2005). A questão principal procurou responder quais são as coalizões - grupos ou comunidades políticas - formadas nos últimos 30 anos e, ao mesmo tempo, que características e particularidades pode-se destacar do modelo de gestão e participação multissetorial no Brasil. O trabalho empreendeu uma pesquisa qualitativa, com observação participante e entrevistas semiestruturadas com 25 atores-chave. A pesquisa apontou três fases da política e três coalizões no período estudado entre 1989 e 2019. O principal resultado encontrado foi que os arranjos políticos construídos pelas coalizões em disputa produziram um enquadramento institucional resiliente capaz de manter a política preservada mesmo com as ameaças constantes provenientes de alguns setores governamentais e de telecomunicações.
  • Across the Great (Fire) Wall: China and the global Internet

    Schiller, Dan; Nerone, John; Chan, Anita Say; Ciafone, Amanda; Zhao , Yuezhi; Shen, Hong (2017-08-10)
    This dissertation examines the multifaceted interactions between China and the global Internet in the past three decades, especially China’s outward cyber expansion, or the “going out” program that has gained momentum since the mid-2000s, and explores the changing social class relations that accompany and shape this evolution. It offers a political economic analysis of how units of Internet capital and state agencies in China are impinging on the international Internet system. It also investigates both the structure and agency of Chinese Internet capital by examining the rise of an Internet capitalist class fraction in China and its intricate relationships with both the state and other transnational capitalists. 
 Based on intensive research into both primary and secondary data sources, this dissertation shows that instead of being confined to a repressive inward-looking national “intranet,” China in fact has actively engaged with the political economy of the global Internet since the 1980s – and is now increasingly projecting power outward in this sphere. Conceptualizing the Chinese Internet industry as an expansive sector that encompasses hardware and equipment vendors, network operators, web services and applications providers, as well as major government and corporate network users, this dissertation unpacks the complex and dynamic state-capital interactions that characterize these different industrial subsectors. It argues that, although the state has retained some critical maneuvering room over its internet capital in the construction of an International Internet “with Chinese characteristics,” the complex and often contradictory interplay between the territorial logic of the state and the expansive logic of capitalist accumulation, and between the structure and agency of Chinese Internet capital, continue to create tensions and conflicts.
  • Buying numbers: An empirical analysis of the IPv4 number market

    Mueller, Milton L.; Kuerbis, Brenden (iSchools, 2013-01-28)
    This paper discusses the emergence of a trading market for previously allocated Internet address blocks. The controversies associated with commoditization of Internet addresses, and the way this conflicts with official narratives about migration to a new Internet protocol (IPv6) makes this topic the "elephant in the room" in Internet governance circles. Drawing on RIR and Whois records, it compiles factual information about the number of address blocks that have been traded and their size as a percentage of the overall address space, the pricing of these resources and whether the traded addresses are being routed or not. The paper shows how this data bears on policy issues, such as needs assessment and property rights in IPv4 blocks.
  • Biobank and Biomedical Research: Responsibilities of Controllers and Processors under the EU General Data Protection Regulation

    Nordberg, Ana (Springer, 2019-06-17)
    BBiobanks are essential infrastructures in current health and biomedical research. Advanced scientific research increasingly relies on processing and correlating large amounts of genetic, clinical and behavioural data. These data are particularly sensitive in nature and the risk for privacy invasion and misuse is high. The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) developed and increased harmonization, resulting in a framework defining specific duties and obligations of entities processing personal data – controllers and processors. Biobanks, in the exercise of their functions assume the role of controllers and/or processors and as such need to comply with a number of complex rules. This chapter analyses these rules, in light of Article 89 GDPR, which creates safeguards and derogations relating to processing for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes. It identifies key compliance challenges faced by biobanks as data controllers and processors, such as determining whether the GDPR is applicable and its intersection with other regulations; when should a biobank be considered controller and processor; what are the main duties of biobanks as data controllers and processors and options for compliance.

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