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  • Music on the Internet : is there an upside to downloading? : hearing before the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, One Hundred Sixth Congress, second session, July 11, 2000.

    United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. (Washington : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., [Congressional Sales Office],, 2001)
    "Serial no. J-106-96."
  • Copyright Protection on the Internet in the EU

    Štěrbová, Ludmila; Halík, Jaroslav; Sahula, Petr (Vysoká škola ekonomická v Praze, 2015)
    The study deals with the various aspects of the copyright protection on the Internet in the selected EU countries. It provides an overview of the situation in the European Union, Sweden, Germany and the Czech Republic. The research enables to identify variables influencing the level of internet piracy from different points of view with emphasis on the application for the businesses.
  • Internet a autorské právo-způsoby užití a rozsah ochrany díla

    Holcová, Irena; Křesťanová, Veronika; Rosol, Jiří (2011)
    - English In the 21st century the Internet constitutes very specific and important domain where the copyrighted works and their users encounter. It is the unique character of the Internet that in connection with the traditional concept of copyright as a law protecting a tangible medium creates this interesting problem of the use of copyrighted works in Internet environment. Resolving this problem and depicting what is actually happening on the web everyday is important also for the public in their daily use of the Internet. The majority of users does not even know what exactly they do on the Internet - which acts they perpetrate are legal and which are not. The aim of this thesis is mainly to describe particular modes of use of copyrighted works, and the scope of protection of a work. In the field of Internet these are according to §12 in association with §13 and §18 of the Czech Copyright Act reproduction and communication to public, for these are the only modes that doesn't require a tangible medium. The thesis solves in which case the Fair use concept of §30 is applied and when a consent of author or collective administrator is required. The thesis also deals with the distinction between public and private law definition of broadcasting. The paper also handles the use of copyrighted work in...
  • ISPs’ copyright liability in the EU digital single market strategy

    Colangelo, Giuseppe; Maggiolino, Mariateresa (2018)
    The European Union Commission is eager to reform the current rules governing Internet Service Providers’ (ISPs) copyright liability. According to the Commission, online services providing access to copyright protected content uploaded by their users without the involvement of right holders have become main sources of access to content online. This affects right holders’ possibilities to determine whether, and under which conditions, their works and other subject matters are used as well as their possibilities to get an appropriate remuneration for them (value gap). In order to close the reported value gap between right holders and online platforms, the Proposal for a Directive on copyright within the digital single market strategy endorses a wider definition of the communication to the public and imposes new control obligations on ISPs.
 Such a policy choice raises some concerns. First, it is doubtful whether the Proposal is consistent with both the interpretation of the notion of communication to the public provided by the European Court of Justice case law and the safe harbor granted by the e-Commerce Directive. Moreover, the Proposal is not supported by any empirical evidence. The lack of robust statistical evidence of displacement of sales by online copyright infringements undermines the ratio of the intervention, that is, the reported value gap and the consequent need to assure the right holders of an adequate remuneration for the circulation of works on the Internet.
  • A new interface between copyright law and technology: how user-generated content will shape the future of online distribution

    Montagnani, MARIA LILLA' (2009)
    The article aims to depict the evolution and the state of online distribution and assess to what extent online distribution and its developments altered the relationship between copyright law and technology as we traditionally know it. The dialectic relationship between copyright law and technology has been shaped by two relevant moments. The first dates back to when digital technology encountered the Internet. The second is more recent and occurred when the Internet morphed into the World Wide Web 2.0. The article shows that both moments had, and still have, relevant effects on online distribution and, in turn, on the relationship between copyright law and technology. Thus the article is structured as follows. Part II describes the interaction between technology and copyright law as it was before the encounter between digital technology and the Internet. Part III and IV analyze the effects of the encounter between digital technology and the Internet at legislative, technological, and judicial level. Part V moves on and explores the current scenario of online distribution, ranging from proprietary distribution and open distribution to the spread of advertising-based distribution models for the dissemination of both professional and amateur content. Part VI concludes by illustrating how the relationship between technology and copyright law has been altered and introduces foresights.

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