Karakteristik Umum Pasien Penyakit Paru Obstruktif Kronik Eksaserbasi Akut di RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan Tahun 2009
Contributor(s)Tarigan, Amira Permatasari
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AbstractChronic obstructive pulmonary disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. World Health Organization reported that in 2002 COPD was the fifth leading causes of death worldwide and it had been estimated in 2030 would be the third. The proportion of patients hospitalized with bronchitis, emphysema, and COPD are 19.82% of all hospitalized patient in pulmonary department of RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan in 2009. This study was descriptive retrospective design to identify the characteristics of patients with acute exacerbation of COPD who were hospitalized in RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan in 2009. The population and sample were 88 data of patients who had been hospitalized in RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan in 2009 (total sampling). The highest proportion of the patient with acute exacerbation of COPD was at age older than 60 years old that counts for male 50.0% and female 10.2%, with sex ratio 4:1, ethnic Batak 61.4%, protestant christianity 55.0%, senior high school 40.0%, farmer 31.8%, marital status 99.0%, cost with insurance 84.1%, smoking history 77.0%, moderate Brinkman index 37.5%, asphyxia 98.9%, very severe grade of COPD 56.5%, type III exacerbation 43.0%, therapy by antibiotic 93.2%. The average of length of stay was 7.4 days For RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan might be improve in maintaining the completeness of medical records because in this research there were data of spirometri that either loss or was taken home by the patients.
Muswita Widya Rahma