Profil Karakteristik Pasien Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Tahun 2011 sampai 2015 di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Haji Adam Malik Medan
Author(s)Marpaung, Melissa S. E.
Contributor(s)Surbakti, Khairul Putra
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AbstractBenign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is the most common cause of vestibular dysfunction, with the sudden sensation like spinning, nausea, and , which is triggered by specific changes in the head position through the gravitation. BPPV occurs as a result of otoconia’s movement (crystals of calcium carbonate that usually placed in utricle and saccule). When the head moves, the otoconia shift and stimulates the cupula to send false signals to the brain, producing vertigo and triggering nystagmus. The aim of this study is to find the characteristic of BPPV patients in RSUP Haji Adam Malik. This study is a descriptive study, using medical record data. The population of this study was all of the BPPV patients that came into RSUP Haji Adam Malik’s neurological clinic from 1st of January 2011 until 30th September 2015. 55 datas were counted to be the samples of this study through total sampling method. By the characteristic of BPPV patients, 55 samples were found, and most of the patients are woman (74,5%) with the most age average >60 (34,5%). The samples mostly worked as a housewife (34,5%). From the culture side, most of the patients are Karonese (34,5%), followed by Christian as the patients’ most religion (56,4%). Blood pressure as one of the risk factors of BPPV showed that most of the patients have been classified as Hypertension Grade I (29,1%). And for the most symptoms felt by the patients are vertigo (spinning), nausea, and (27,3%).