ID, Automatic Measurements of- Vertical Ocean Heat Flux and Ice Mass Balance I!
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Abstractpurpose of work conducted under referenced contract was to design an external temperature sensor for the air-droppable data buoy used by our Arctic Data Buoy Program since 1979. After having completed a preliminary design we became aware of a buoy designed by the Christian Michelsen Institute in Norway that had an external temperature sensor and a buoy hull confiquration that prevents the buoy from tumbling after impact on the ice. At that point it seemed inappropriate to proceed with the manufacturing of a mock-up of our buoy hull, especially since we had other funds available that allowed us to buy two of the Norwegian buoys. These buoys were deDloyed in the Central Arctic in 1983 as part of our overall buoy array, which was at that time primarily funded by NOAA. The data from these buoys yielded valuable comparisons between the two types of instruments. At the same time, an entirely new type of buoy was conceived by N. Untersteiner and A.S. Thorndike. It allows the observation of all the parameters sensed by the standard air-droppable buoy (ADRAMS), plus snow fall, surface