A ‘new’ national front? Gender, religion, secularism and the French populist radical right
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AbstractIn 2011, Marine Le Pen succeeded her father as leader of the French National Front party. With the declared objective of transforming the NF into a large mainstream party with a vocation to govern, she engaged in an enterprise of ‘modernisation’ of the party’s public image. This chapter explores the relationship among gender, religion, secularism and the recent ideological developments in this party, by locating them in the specifics of the French political and cultural context. Firstly, the chapter sets the scene of Marine Le Pen’s ‘de-demonisation’ strategy, by presenting the heated and highly gendered public debates on multiculturalism, religion and secularism which have taken place in France in the past decades. Secondly, the chapter explores the gendered dimension of the NF ideology and its transformation. The conclusion points to changes and continuities which can be observed in the NF ideology in relation to women and gender.
Scrinzi, F. <http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/view/author/5240.html> (2017) A ‘new’ national front? Gender, religion, secularism and the French populist radical right. In: Köttig, M., Bitzan, R. and Petö, A. (eds.) Gender and Far Right Politics in Europe. Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 127-140. ISBN 9783319435329 (doi:10.1007/978-3-319-43533-6_9 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-43533-6_9>)