La progressio teleològica a través de la regressió arqueològica : l'antropologia de Paul Ricoeur
AbstractThis article offers an effort of precision and hermeneutics over de main accounts of the antropological frame around Ricoeur's asysthematic reflection about the subject which concerns the fundamental human manifestations: symbols, texts and action. To carry on this task, an hermeneutic circle is put forward between reflexive philosophy and the philosophy of expresion: the subject, inaccesible per se,sholud be captured in his manifestations; but in turn, the interpretation of these, drives compulsory into an inquiry on their anthropological and ontologicai conditions. Five points are required to draw the hermeneutic circle: 1. The insubstantialized “I”: The "I" should be not conceived as a constitued object, but as a dynamic process. Hermeneutics on the main human mediations become an imperative for the phenomenological method. 2. The pre-reflexive and the other levels of intencionality: Ricoeur approaches to Heidegger's and Gadamer's hermeneutics to express the grounding the Cogiro to the pre-reflexive level which should be understood as an intentional synthesis. 3. A philosophy of liberty, which flows between two poles: activity and receptivity, projecting itsef beyond intellectualism and existentialism, and which becomes-acriticism of both idealism and atheism. 4. The human being, an ontological instability between his ground affirmation -infinite level-and his existential difference -finite level -.5. The human being, author of a dialectical synthesis: the teleological progression can only be made through archaeological regression, Imagination takes a fundamental role in this process. The treatment of these five points conflate into three main statements which could be understood as the basis of Ricoeur's anthropology: I. The subject is able to know himself only through his own manifestations. 2. 'The human being is a constant tension between Nature and Absolute. 3. The human being makes a dialectical synthesis of archaeological progression.