Numerical evolution of secular bar-mode instability induced by the gravitational radiation reaction in rapidly rotating neutron stars
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AbstractThe evolution of a nonaxisymmetric bar-mode perturbation of rapidly rotating stars due to a secular instability induced by gravitational wave emission is studied in post-Newtonian simulations taking into account gravitational radiation reaction. A polytropic equation of state with the polytropic index $n=1$ is adopted. The ratio of the rotational kinetic energy to the gravitational potential energy $T/|W|$ is chosen in the range between 0.2 and 0.26. Numerical simulations were performed until the perturbation grows to the nonlinear regime, and illustrate that the outcome after the secular instability sets in is an ellipsoidal star of a moderately large ellipticity $\agt 0.7$. A rapidly rotating protoneutron star may form such an ellipsoid, which is a candidate for strong emitter of gravitational waves for ground-based laser interferometric detectors. A possibility that effects of magnetic fields neglected in this work may modify the growth of the secular instability is also mentioned.
Phys. Rev. D 70:084022, 2004