Author(s)Carr, Michael H.
KeywordsLUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
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AbstractAs a result of the Viking orbiter observations, the entire surface of Mars has been imaged at a resolution of 200 meters, and fractions of the surface down to resolutions of 10 meters, the thermal inertia of the entire surface is known to a resolution of 30 km, and the water content of the atmosphere has been monitored over two Martian years. In addition, at two sites, the Viking landers analyzed the atmosphere, imaged the surface, performed organic and inorganic analyses on the soil, and monitored meteorological conditions for almost three Martian years. The results show that Mars is a highly variegated planet with a long and complex history of volcanic and tectonic activity, a surface that has been modified by wind, water and ice, and an atmosphere that has experienced substantial changes, both periodic and secular. The variety of processes that have operated on the surface, and the long history of their action, result in a much broader range of sampling problems and opportunities than was experienced in the case of the Moon.
TypeLunar and Planetary Inst., Workshop on Mars Sample Return Science; p 53-54
Document ID: 19890008931
Accession ID: 89N18302