R-mode Instability of Slowly Rotating Non-isentropic Relativistic Stars
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AbstractWe investigate properties of $r$-mode instability in slowly rotating relativistic polytropes. Inside the star slow rotation and low frequency formalism that was mainly developed by Kojima is employed to study axial oscillations restored by Coriolis force. At the stellar surface, in order to take account of gravitational radiation reaction effect, we use a near-zone boundary condition instead of the usually imposed boundary condition for asymptotically flat spacetime. Due to the boundary condition, complex frequencies whose imaginary part represents secular instability are obtained for discrete $r$-mode oscillations in some polytropic models. It is found that such discrete $r$-mode solutions can be obtained only for some restricted polytropic models. Basic properties of the solutions are similar to those obtained by imposing the boundary condition for asymptotically flat spacetime. Our results suggest that existence of a continuous part of spectrum cannot be avoided even when its frequency becomes complex due to the emission of gravitational radiation.
Comment: 10 pages, 4 figures, accepted for publlication in PRD