ARTICLE Multiple Sclerosis 2007; 13: 962–967 © SAGE Publications 2007 10.1177/1352458507077938 Los Angeles, London, New Delhi and Singapore Increasing incidence of multiple sclerosis among
Contributor(s)The Pennsylvania State University CiteSeerX Archives
Full recordShow full item record
AbstractThis study aims to describe the prevalence and incidence rates of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Lorraine, France, and its secular trend from 1990 to 2002. Cases were sourced from the regional network of MS healthcare workers in the Lorraine region and include all cases with definite or probable MS according to Poser’s criteria. We identified 2718 patients with MS on 31 December 2004. The preva-lence rate was 120/100 000 (95 % confidence interval [CI]: 119–121). Between 1990 and 2002, the average age- and sex-adjusted annual incidence rate was 5.5/100 000 (95 % CI: 4.4–6.6). During this same period, there was a significant increase in overall incidence in women but not in men. The mean age at MS onset, disability score five years after onset, number of relapses during the first five years, and proportion of first attack with sequelae or polysymptomatic symptoms were not significantly dif-ferent between each annual cohort during the study period. The prevalence and incidence rates of MS we found in our study were higher than in previous studies in France. The increase in incidence of MS between 1990 and 2002, mostly in women, was not related to better ascertainment of patients with mild disability. Multiple Sclerosis 2007; 13: 962–967.