Examining predictors of tolerance and helping for Islamic religious minorities in Indonesia
Author(s)Mashuri, Ali; Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social and Political Science, University of Brawijaya
Supriyono, Yoyon; Department of Psychology, University of Brawijaya, Indonesia
Khotimah, Siti Khorriyatul; Department of Psychology, IAIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya, Indonesia
Sakdiah, Halimatus; Department of Islamic Counseling, IAIN Antasari, Indonesia
Sukmawati, Fitri; Department of Islamic Counseling, STAIN Pontianak
Zaduqisti, Esti; Department of Islamic Education, STAIN Pekalongan, Indonesia
minority helping; tolerance; continuation threat; multiculturalism; national identification
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AbstractThe reputation of Indonesia as a multicultural country has been recently debated, owing to the persecutions and attacks on members of Islamic minority Shiite and Ahmadiyya. The aim of this study was to examine the members of Muslim majority’s tolerance for Shi’a and Ahmadis and their support for governmental helping dedicated to these religious minority groups. Results (N= 384) demonstrated that minority helping was directly predicted by tolerance, which also mediated the effects of multiculturalism and continuation threat on the helping. We also predicted and found that national identification directly predicted multiculturalism and continuation threat, and these latter variables mediated the effect of the former variable on tolerance and minority helping. We discussed findings in this study in terms of both theoretical and practical implications.
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ІСТОРІЯ КАФЕДРИ НЕРВОВИХ ХВОРОБ, ПСИХІАТРІЇ ТА МЕДИЧНОЇ ПСИХОЛОГІЇ ІМ. С.М. САВЕНКА ВДНЗ УКРАЇНИ «БУКОВИНСЬКИЙ ДЕРЖАВНИЙ МЕДИЧНИЙ УНІВЕРСИТЕТ» / HISTORY OF THE S. SAVENKO NEUROLOGY, PSYCHIATRY AND MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF THE HIGHER STATE EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENT OF UKRAINE «BUKOVІNIAN STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY»Валерій ПАШКОВСЬКИЙ; Ольга ЮРЦЕНЮК; Наталія ПАСТЕРНАК; Сергій РОТАР (Bukovinian State Medical university, 2016-06-01)Pashkovskiy V., Yurtsenyuk O., Pasternak N., Rotar S. History of the S. Savenko Neurology, Psychiatry and Medical Psychology Department of the Higher State Educational Establishment of Ukraine «Bukovіnian State Medical University». The article deals with the main development stages of the Department of neurology, psychiatry and medical psychology in Higher State Educational Establishment of Ukraine "Bukovina State Medical University." The basic problems of neurological and psychiatric service in Bukovina in 1945 year belong also to research fild of the article.. It contains material about the founder of the department named after S. Savenk,o his life and professional activity. Proposed research describes the activities of all department cheaf and their contribution to the development of neurology and psychiatry in Bucovina region. The article tell about formation of high-quality scientists base and doctors for neurology, psychiatry, medical psychology, achievements of the department staff. Department of nervous diseases and Department of Psychiatry was founded in 1945and had their functioning till 1978. Founder and first head of the Neurology department was Prof. Serhiy Mykolayovytch Savenko. His research interests was global and different, but most of all prof. S. Savenko was fond of studing central nervous system tumor, including clinical manifestations and histology carcinomatosis. Prof. S. Savenko fopened neurological services in the Chernivtsi region. In September 1973 headed the Department of neurology Professor P. V. Voloshyn and continued the academic tradition of the department. Most of his works were devoted to the study of the pathogenesis of the brain vascular pathology. Founder of the Psychiatry department and its first head was Prof. N. Tatarenko (1945-1951). According to its management were developed following research areas: the study of pathophysiological mechanisms of psychopathological phenomena in endogenous, exogenous aging and senile psychosis. After N. Tatarenko Professor G.U. Malis administrated the department and provides studing etiology and pathogenesis of schizophrenia. In 1978 bouth departments was yoined into the Department of Nervous Diseases and Psychiatry. Head of renew department became Y. Antropov and took those position till 1979. From 1979 to 1981 VM Pidkaminnyy and Y. Prasol managed the department, and during 1981 - 1992 the department was headed by Prof. V.K. Chernetskyy. He launched as first the scientific direction of the department - complex development of diagnostics, treatment and rehabilitation of patients with chronic cerebrovascular insufficiency and ischemic strokes. Since August 1992 I.P.Dyschuk started work as a head of the department, and sience 1998 to modern times this position has Prof. V. Pashkovskyy. The department continued scientific traditions, creatively work to improve the educational process, scientific research, medical advice practical health care, introduction of modern methods in diagnosis and treatment. Key words: Bukovinіan State Medical University, Department of Neurology, Psychiatry and Medical PsychologyПашковский Валерий, Юрценюк Ольга, Пастернак Наталья, Ротар Сергей. История кафедры нервных болезней, психиатрии и медицинской психологии им. С.М. Савенка ВГУЗ Украины «Буковинский государственный медицинский университет». Авторами в статье описаны основные этапы развития и характерные особенности деятельности кафедры нервных болезней, психиатрии и медицинской психологии ВГУЗ Украины «Буковинский государственный медицинский университет». Освещены основные проблемы неврологической и психиатрической службы на Буковине с 1945 года – года основания кафедры при Черновицком государственном медицинском институте. В статье содержатся материалы об основателе кафедры С.Н.Савенко, его жизненной и профессиональной истории. Кроме того, описана последовательная деятельность всех руководителей кафедры и их вклад в развитие неврологии и психиатрии в регионе. Описано формирование качественной базы подготовки ученых и врачей по вопросам неврологии, психиатрии, медицинской психологии. Указаны достижения работы коллектива кафедры.Ключевые слова: Буковинский государственный медицинский университет, медицинский институт, кафедра нервных болезней, психиатрии и медицинской психологии.