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AbstractSocial capital theory is used here to examine the social role of sport in facilitating communitydevelopment and, in particular, in the social inclusion of Muslim women in community sportorganisations. Sport has been proposed as a site for the creation of social capital, which is,social trust, networks, reciprocity, inter ethnic trust and community wellbeing (Nicholson &Hoye, 2008). It seems reasonable to suggest that social capital can play a role in facilitatinggender equity and cultural diversity within community sport organisations. Evidence of thepotential for, and limitations to, social capital in community sport networks is replete in recentliterature. However, the extent and nature of interactions among the community sportorganisations volunteers is mainly conjecture, with little empirical evidence present. Inconsequence, further research into the social effects associated with these networks iscalled for (Doherty & Misener, 2008). In exploring this aspect of social capital and sport, theresearch presented in this paper considers the relationships and networks betweenvolunteers within community sport organisations. A case study of a local community sportand recreation club is presented to illustrate how Muslim women develop a sense ofbelonging, make connections and cultivate networks. Muslim women in non Islamiccountries, such as Australia, may face a number of cultural and religious restrictions to theirparticipation in active recreation These constraints may include the lack of provision ofappropriate venues and opportunities that allow culturally appropriate clothing to be wornand lack of provision of female only environments for participating in active recreation(Hanlon & Coleman, 2006). In order to recommend more effective strategies, policies andprograms to facilitate the sport and active recreation of Muslim women an in-depth studywas necessary. The interpretive or constructivist approach or paradigm (Lincoln & Guba,1985; Patton, 2002), based on the philosophy that reality is socially constructed throughlanguage, consciousness and shared meaning, was deemed apposite for this research.Findings demonstrated cultural and gender related adaptations occurring within the casestudy organisation, facilitated by the development of social and inter ethnic trust amongstparticipants and community members, encouraging Muslim women to become involved.Evidence also illustrated that the three social capital dimensions, (linking, bonding, andbridging) were operating within the club. The social capital attributes of volunteering,community well-being, social trust, social networks, inter ethnic trust and reciprocity wereillustrated in comments made by informants during interviews and focus groups as well asthrough content analysis of the community sport organisation's documentation.Recommendations suggest ways to facilitate cultural diversity and gender equity withincommunity sport organisations using the social capital construct.