Muslims without Mosques, Mosques without Muslims: Muslim Immigration and the Establishment of Mosques in North America, 1920-2010
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the diffusion of Islam in North America through the investigation of immigration and mosque establishment from 1920 to the present. Data on mosque location, type of Islam, country of origin of the congregation, and date of each mosque's establishment were obtained from the Harvard Pluralism Project, Internet sites that serve the Muslim population, and mosque websites themselves. Results indicate there were three causes of Muslim immigration to North America. In addition, it was found that mosque establishment follows a stepwise process over time and space that the establishment of mosques in North America had two peak periods, and that mosque creation dropped off markedly after 2001.