The African Sociological Review is a bi-annual publication of CODESRIA, Dakar, Senegal. It welcomes articles and other academic communications from scholars in Africa and elsewhere regarding issues of African and general social analysis. The Review exists in the first instance to promote the extension of sociological and anthropological thought among scholars working in Africa. Relevant work from elsewhere will however also be considered. Contributions may be in English or French.

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The Globethics.net library is contains articles of The African Sociological Review as of vol. 3(1999) to current.

Recent Submissions

  • State-in-Society: the Mutual Constitutiveness of the Developmental State and Higher Education in South Africa

    L Thaver; B Thaver (CODESRIA, 2010-08-11)
    Seeking to go beyond the pessimism and reification of contemporary analyses of the state in Africa, this article applies Migdal’s State in Society (2001) approach to the field of higher education transformation in South Africa. It argues that the state is best understood through its actual practices, particularly at those points where it reaches into society through policy implementation and, conversely, where society through its institutions in turn reaches into the state. In the course of these engagements, social boundaries are constituted through alliances, accommodations and resistances and have a mutually transformative effect on both state and society. The article shows how, with regard to both the image and the practices of the state, the relationship between the developmental state and higher education in South Africa reveals a range of tensions around issues such as accountability, autonomy, transformation and globalisation; and it concludes that Migdal’s approach offers a fruitful theoretical corrective to state-centric and socio-centric views of the state-society relationship.Key Words: Developmental state, South Africa, globalisation, higher education
  • Corporate social responsibility and workers’ well-being in Nigerian banks

    Oluyemi, Joseph A.; Yinusa, Muhammed A.; Abdulateef, Raji; Akindele, Ibimidu (CODESRIA, 2017-03-29)
    The usual focus of Corporate Social Responsibility in Nigeria has always been on the society or the community where business is located while the place of workers as stakeholder in business is usually downplayed. This study examined the impact of corporate social responsibility on the wellbeing of workers in the Nigerian banking system. The objective was to know if adequate health facilities are provided for workers in the banks to meet their health needs when required. The study was conducted among ten commercial banks in Ilorin North-Central Nigeria while primary data was retrieved through self administered questionnaire from 160 participants. Participants were selected through a multi-stage sampling technique while the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 19.0) was employed to analyse data retrieved from the field. Hypotheses formulated in the study were tested using the Chi-square statistical tool. Findings revealed that, 85.0% of the participants’ employers provided for them health facilities even though only 55.1% of the health facilities provided are adequate. A significant relationship was also found between participants’ wellbeing and health facilities provided p<0.05, while there was no significant relationship was between wellbeing of participants and adequacy of the health facilities provided by participants employers p>0.05. The study concluded that, even though some banks in the country provide health facilities for their workers, the health facilities provided are not adequate enough to meet the health needs of the workers. The study however, recommended a more comprehensive health plan for bankers that cover life saving health care services such as intensive care, surgeries and other life threatening diseases.Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, Bankers, Health Facilities
  • Vulnerability and resilience of female farmers in Oku, Cameroon, to Climate Change

    Azong, Matilda; Kelso, Clare J.; Naidoo, Kammila (CODESRIA, 2018-08-07)
    The experience of climate change is filtered through ones existing cultural, social and economic vulnerabilities. The rural poor in natural resource dependent communities in various African countries are likely to be negatively affected by climate change. In many cultures female farmers are considerably worse off than their male counterparts. This study makes use of a life history methodology in order to examine the particular nature of the vulnerability experienced by rural women in Oku in the Bamenda Highlands region of Cameroon. Gender is linked to vulnerability through a number of factors. These include access to and control over land, division of labour, marriage relationships, access to education and responsibility for dependents. Participants’ life histories show how vulnerability in the region develops over time and is both complex and non-linear. Nevertheless, the participants expressed how they used their agency, both individual and collective, in coping with vulnerability. They narrate different adaptation strategies employed including livelihood diversification, and changing farming practices. Understanding the role of gender in shaping women’s vulnerability is useful in informing the design and implementation of adaptation policies. This article makes an empirical contribution to the discussions on the need to engender climate change research, policy and actions.Keywords: Vulnerability, Cameroon, Gender, Life history, Climate, Resilience
  • Holistic Development: Muslim Women’s Civil Society Groups in Nigeria, Ghana and Tanzania

    Wallace, Adryan (CODESRIA, 2016-03-30)
    Muslim women’s organizations in East and West Africa have cultivated successful strategies to mitigate the varied domestic economic and political outcomes produced by globalization. Although China and the BRICS countries are providing multipolar development models their results may not differ significantly from their western counterparts if groups that are often left out of the decision-making processes are not included. There is an urgent need for social scientists to make the experiences of African women as designers of development the central point of theorizing in order to inform how we conceptualize economic and political participation and measure inequality. This paper will utilize case studies from local women’s non-governmental and community based organizations in Kano, Nigeria, Tamale, Ghana and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania to help develop mechanisms for sustainable economic growth and substantive representation, which I argue, can help generate state institutions that are more responsive to the needs of their citizens. Mainstreaming gender, as an analytical frame is essential because it interrogates privilege, illustrates how it is distributed among and between women and men and provides insights into partnerships that can be forged across genders. Furthermore, the institutional linkages of women’s organizations both within and across national contexts strengthens the ability of African countries to look internally and share their development best practices through sub- regional entities and the African Union. Finally, civil society needs to be redefined and contextualized using the perspectives of citizens at the grassroots level to produce holistic policy recommendations for all three tiers of governance (domestic, sub-regional and regional).Keywords: African women, muslim women, civil society, economic development, sustainable growth, governance
  • Between the Clinic and the Community: Temporality and Patterns of ART Adherence in the Western Cape Province, South Africa

    Larkan, F; van Wyk, B; Stevens, P; Saris, AJ (CODESRIA, 2016-03-30)
    In an ethnographic study conducted over thirty months in South Africa’s Western Cape Province ending in 2012, we explored ART adherence amongst almost 200 patients attending three clinics. This setting contained significant political, structural, economic and socio cultural barriers to the uptake of, and adherence to, treatment. Such barriers certainly impacted patient drug use and the labelling of clients as ‘adherent’ or ‘non-adherent’. Yet, as our fieldwork developed, it became apparent that these labels also bore little relationship to the amount and regularity of drug consumption outside the clinic. Indeed, the people that we knew moved through these labels in ways that could not simply be explained by brute socio-economic circumstances, poor understanding of the functions of the drugs, or varying levels of family and community support, which themselves often changed over time. This paper presents four on-going ‘patterns of adherence’, which are clearly discernible in the communities in which we worked. Each pattern is demonstrated through the life of an ‘index patient’ whose case is seen to be representative of the range of experiences and practices observed under the terms ‘adherent’ and ‘non-adherent’. We argue that such terms are deeply contextual and, crucially, temporally situated. The complex intertwining of political, economic, socio cultural, gender, and biological factors that constitute the lives of participants exists in time and we call for a focus on evolving lives in relationship to changing health systems that can follow (and respond to) such developments to better deliver both information and services.Keywords: ART adherence, community, health systems, socio-cultural barriers drug consumption
  • La contribution des jeunes à l’alternance politique au Sénégal : Le rôle de Bul faale et de Y’en a marre

    Dieng, Moda (CODESRIA, 2016-03-30)
    Ce document est une contribution à l’étude du rôle des jeunes dans les processus de démocratisation en Afrique. Plus spécifiquement, il se borne à analyser l’influence de Bul Faale et de Y’en a marre dans les deux alternances politiques survenues au Sénégal en 2000 et 2012. Ces deux mouvements, issus du hip-hop, ont été au premier plan dans les mobilisations qui ont permis ces changements de majorité au pouvoir. Cela contraste avec la situation de marginalisation politique et économique dans laquelle se trouvent les jeunes.Mots-clés: Sénégal, jeunes, alternance politique, Bul faale, Y’en a marreAbstractThis paper is a contribution to the research on the role of youth in the democratization process in Africa. More precisely, its analysis is confined to the influence of Bul Faale and Y’en a marre in political changes that occurred in Senegal, both in 2000 and in 2012. Always originating from hip-hop, these two movements have been at the forefront of mobilizations that sparked changes in the ruling majority. Interestingly, this contrasts with the situation of political and economic marginalization the youth continues to struggle with.Keywords: Senegal, Youth, Political Change, Bul faale, Y’en a marre
  • The socio-economic well-being of internal migrants in Agbogbloshie, Ghana

    Adamtey, Ronald; Yajalin, John Ebotui; Oduro, Charles Yaw (CODESRIA, 2016-03-30)
    The recent claims that migration can improve the well-being of migrants and thei dependants back home has mainly focused on international migration to destinations that are considered developed. Few studies have focused on internal migration and its effects on migrants’ wellbeing. Besides, whether migrations to areas that are considered not developed can also contribute to improving the well being of migrants and their dependants back home remains unaccounted for in the literature. This study employed a quantitative design involving descriptive statistics, independent t- test and binomial test to examine the effects of internal migration on the wellbeing of migrants in Agbogbloshie-the most populous slum in Accra. The study found that the determinants of well-being; income, education and employment have improved for migrants after migration. The results implied that migration had a net positive effect on migrants’ wellbeing. However, this benefit comes at a cost as migrant workers are engaged in works that post a lot of risk such as carrying very heavy loads, exposed to toxic substances and living in very poor accommodation. The paper recommends that efforts be made by governments to bridge the development gap between the north and south of the country so as to limit the rate of migration.Keywords: Migration, Development, Well-being, Poverty, Income distribution, Ghana
  • Capital accumulation, social reproduction and social struggle: rethinking the function of spatial planning and land use

    Hendler, Paul (CODESRIA, 2016-03-30)
    This purpose of this paper is to understand the historical impact on urban land usage of ecological, economic and political factors in order to conceptualise strategic ideas for transforming urban land usage currently and in the future to enable social equity, promote the efficient use of resources and sustain the ecologies within which cities and towns are embedded. The paper analyses the historical data through a triangular matrix of capital accumulation, state reproduction and planning strategies and popular movements pressurizing to benefit from demanded land usages. Capital accumulation is viewed as a process through which wealth produced by labour accrues both to owners of capital and managers in the form of unearned value. This insight is particularly important in the current phase of global capitalism, in which financialisation is a dominant form of economic activity and impacts also on the way spaces are planned and used in urban areas for economic gain. Given the contradiction between an exponentially growing economy and finite resources, I take into account limits to growth and incorporate ecological economics’ insights into classical political economy analyses.Keywords: spatial planning, land use, capital accumulation, social reproduction, ecology
  • Successful ageing amongst elderly women living independently in central areas Of Pretoria, South Africa

    Rabe, Marlize (CODESRIA, 2016-03-30)
    This qualitative study explores successful ageing among a group of old women who live in the central areas of Pretoria in South Africa. It utilised the notion of successful ageing as a theoretical construct to examine how the women adapt to the challenges of old age. The study reveals that participants who had overcome difficult challenges in previous life stages by relying on their own resources are the most likely to adjust comfortably to the challenges of old age as well as the complexities encountered in the diverse central areas of Pretoria.Keywords: Elderly, life course perspective, successful ageing, living independently, South Africa
  • Health Inequality in South Africa: A Systematic Review

    Obuaku-Igwe, Chinwe C. (CODESRIA, 2016-03-30)
    This study presents a review of key empirical studies on health inequalities in South Africa with the aim of contributing to a comparative examination of social inequalities in health across different countries in Europe and other parts of the World. Studies reviewed were identified through a computerised search of key words such as inequalities, health, health inequalities, race, health in South Africa, health systems, socio economic determinants of health and livelihoods in South Africa. Studies were included if the primary objective was to explore health inequality as a variable in child/adult mortality.Keywords: Health inequality, race, child mortality, socio-economic conditions, South Africa
  • Evangelisation á Kinshasa: une strategie d&#39exploitation ou l&#39expression d&#39une foi ardente?

    Mwanza, Gauthier M; Faculté des Sciences Sociales, Administratives et Politiques et Centre d&#39etudes Politiques, Université de Kinshasa, Republique Democratique du Congo (CODESRIA, 2005-12-09)
    No Abstract.African Sociological Review 2004, 8(2): 30-51
  • Editorial

    Oloyede, Olajide (CODESRIA, 2016-03-30)
    No Abstract
  • Book Review: "Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Intellectual Property in the Twenty-First Century: Perspectives from Southern Africa"

    Boswell, R (CODESRIA, 2010-01-21)
    Isaac Mazonde and Pradip Thomas, eds., "Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Intellectual Property in the Twenty-First Century: Perspectives from Southern Africa" Dakar, CODESRIA, 2007.Reviewed by;Rosabelle BoswellDepartment of AnthropologyRhodes UniversityGrahamstownSouth AfricaEmail: r.laville@ru.ac.za 
  • Can we speak of African agency?: APRM and Africa’s agenda 2063

    Achieng’, R M (CODESRIA, 2015-02-27)
    In marking the golden jubilee of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) now the African Union (AU), the African Union Commission announced its intended objective of having a document that would be a vision for Africa’s integration, peace and development in the coming 50 years. Currently, a draft AU Agenda 2063 is in circulation with an invitation to key stakeholders to input into its objectives of outlining a broad framework of transformation of the continent.This paper is borne with this in mind. The main argument that is advanced is that the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), adopted as a programme of the African Union in March 2003, demonstrates African agency in tackling political, economic, corporate and social economic governance deficiencies. Through exploring ‘best practices’ in certain select countries the main thrust of the paper will be to showcase this African agency. It is argued that the AU’s Agenda 2063 would certainly hold greater legitimacy in strategically positioning itself in global geopolitics by demonstrating that existing African initiated institutions aimed at the transformation of society, for example the APRM, have indeed provided ‘African solutions to Africa’s problems’. The processes that have brought about progress thus far should not only be reflected in the AU’s Agenda 2063, these should further be supported both regionally and internationally as Africa continues to pursue its vision of an African Renaissance and show casing African agency in regional and global transformations.Key words: African Renaissance, African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), African Union (AU) Agenda 2063, best practices, African agency, governance, Afro-centricityRésuméEn marquant le jubilé d’or de l’Organisation de l’unité africaine (OUA) maintenant l’Union africaine (UA), la Commission de l’Union africaine a annoncé son objectif prévu de disposer d’un document qui serait une vision pour l’intégration, la paix et le développement de l’Afrique dans l’entrée 50 ans. Actuellement, un projet de l’ordre du jour de l’UA 2063 est en circulation avec une invitation aux intervenants clés à l’entrée dans ses objectifs Le Mode Plan d’un large cadre de la transformation du continent. Ce document est à la charge avec cela à l’esprit. Le principal argument avancé C’est Est-ce que le Mécanisme d’évaluation par les pairs (MAEP), adopté en tant que programme de l’Union africaine en Mars 2003, démontre agence africaine dans la lutte contre politiques, les carences en matière de gouvernance économique, sociale et d’entreprise-économiques En explorant les «meilleures pratiques «dans certains pays, sélectionnez l’essentiel du document sera de mettre en valeur cette agence africaine. Il est soutenu que l’ordre du jour de l’UA 2063 serait certainement tenir une plus grande légitimité stratégique de se positionner dans la géopolitique mondiale en démontrant que existant dans les institutions a été lancé africains visant à la transformation de la société, par exemple le MAEP, ont en effet fourni «des solutions africaines aux problèmes africains». Les processus thathave brought` sur les progrès que jusqu’à présent ne doit pas seulement se refléter dans l’ordre du jour de l’UA 2063, ceux-ci doivent en outre être pris en charge Bothan régional et international que l’Afrique poursuit sa vision d’une renaissance africaine et montrer boîtier de l’agence de l’Afrique dans les transformations régionales et mondiales.Mots clés: Renaissance africaine, African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), l’Union africaine (UA), l’ordre du jour 2063, les meilleures pratiques, l’agence de l’Afrique, la gouvernance, Afro-Centricity
  • The politics of ‘hope’ and ‘despair’: Generational dimensions to Igbo nationalism in post-civil war Nigeria

    Onuoha, G (CODESRIA, 2015-02-26)
    This paper examines the concept of “generations” as one of the key features of contemporary Igbo nationalism, and as one that has received relatively less or no attention in the literature on post-civil war Igbo nationalism in Nigeria. Drawing on the activities of Ohanaeze Ndi Igbo- the apex socio-political group in Igboland- and the Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB) - a second-generation Igbo nationalist movement this article examines the dynamics of generational tensions between youth-led and elite-led Igbo groups in Igboland. On the one hand, the political agency of Ohanaeze Ndi Igbo is traced genealogically to the imperatives of the patrimonial politics of the Nigerian state, the need to play the “politics of the centre” and re-integrate the Igbo into mainstream politics in the postcivil war era. On the other hand, the MASSOB project is rooted in the aborted secessionist war for Igbo self-determination between 1967 and 1970. It rejects a state-led process, seeks the realignment of the generational balance of power, and ultimately, an exit of the Igbo ethnic group into an alternative political and administrative arrangement. These generational differences and tensions offer insights into the transformation of local politics and the changing configurations of power and authority in present day Igboland, one that pits an emergent youth movement against an enduring Igbo establishment within the broader context of ethnic identity politics in Nigeria.Key Words: Nationalism, Igbo, War, patrimonial politics, Biafra, Nigeria, Generational differencesRésumé:Cet article examine le concept de «générations» comme l’une des principales caractéristiques du nationalisme contemporain Igbo, et que celui qui a reçu relativement peu ou pas d’attention dans la littérature est l’après-guerre civile Igbo nationalisme au Nigeria. S’appuyant sur les activités de Ohanaeze Ndi Igbo- le groupe socio-politique sommet dans Igboland- et le Mouvement pour la réalisation de l’État souverain du Biafra (MASSOB) - une deuxième génération du mouvement nationaliste Igbo, cet article examine la dynamique des tensions générationnelles entre les groupes Igbo dirigés par des jeunes et de l’élite dirigée dans Igbo. D’une part, l’agence politique de Ohanaeze Ndi Igbo est tracée généalogique aux impératifs de la politique patrimoniale de l’Etat nigérian, le besoin de jouer la «politique du centre» et ré-intégrer les Igbo dans les grands courants politiques dans le post-tant civil époque de la guerre. D’autre part, le projet MASSOB est enracinée dans la Guerre de sécession avortée pour Igbo autodétermination entre 1967 et 1970 Il rejette un processus dirigé par l’État, vise la réorganisation de l’équilibre des générations du pouvoir, et, finalement, une sortie de l’ethnie Igbo dans un arrangement politique et administrative de remplacement. Ces différences générationnelles des tensions et offrir un aperçu de la transformation de la politique locale et l’évolution des configurations de pouvoir et d’autorité dans nos jours Igbo, qui oppose un mouvement de jeunesse émergente contre un établissement durable Igbo dans le contexte plus large de la politique de l’identité ethnique au Nigeria.Mots clés: nationalisme, Igbo, la guerre, la politique patrimoniale, Biafra, au Nigeria, les différences entre générations
  • The management of diabetes among the rural poor in South Africa

    Oloyede, O (CODESRIA, 2015-02-26)
    The objective of this study was to examine the management of diabetes mellitus Type 2 among the rural poor in South Africa. The focus group method was used. Data was elicited from 20 group sessions over a 20-week period on health beliefs and attitudes and rural-dwelling diabetes sufferers’ strategies for managing the condition. The study shows poor knowledge of diabetes and poor self-management as delineated in the medical literature. The focus of the rural dwellers’ self-management of diabetes was hypoglycaemic control through regular consumption of very-high-calorie food, the type of which have been found to lead to a diet that has very high carbohydrate, high in saturated fatty acids, excess salt and unrefined sugar. The rationale for this is the misconception that hypoglycaemia is a product of low food intake, which would seem to suggest their perception of illness and health belief than the understanding of chronic illness. It was concluded that the government and health care professionals have to do more to develop interventions to facilitate good self-management of diabetes among the rural people. Such interventions should address the sufferers’ knowledge of diabetes.Key Words: Care interventions; Chronic Illness; Diabetes; Focus Groups; Health Belief; Health Monitoring; Health Policy; Rural Health; South AfricaRésuméL’objectif de cette étude était d’examiner le traitement du diabète sucré de type 2 chez les ruraux pauvres en Afrique du Sud. La méthode du groupe de discussion a été utilisé. Les données ont été recueillies auprès de 20 séances de groupe sur une période de 20 semaines sur les croyances et les attitudes de santé et les stratégies des ruraux vivant diabète malades du pour la gestion de l’état. L’étude montre une mauvaise connaissance du diabète et une mauvaise estime de gestion que délimité dans la littérature médicale. L’objectif de l’auto-gestion des populations rurales de diabète était le contrôle hypoglycémiant par la consommation régulière d’aliments à très haute teneur en calories, le type qui ont été trouvés à conduire à un régime qui a très riche en glucides, riche en acides gras saturés, l’excès de sel et de sucre non raffiné. La raison à cela est l’idée fausse que l’hypoglycémie est un produit de faible apport alimentaire, ce qui semble suggérer leur perception de la maladie et de la santé conviction que la compréhension de la maladie chronique. Il a été conclu que le gouvernement et les professionnels de la santé doivent faire plus pour développer des interventions pour faciliter une bonne auto-gestion du diabète chez les populations rurales. Ces interventions devraient porter à la connaissance des personnes souffrant de diabète.Mots clés: Soins intervention; Maladie chronique; le diabète; Groupe de discussion; Croyance à la santé; Surveillance de la santé; Politique de la santé; Santé en milieu rural; Afrique du Sud.
  • Recreating African Futures through literary imagination. The newest gender, racial, national and African identities as revealed in Mario Lúcio Sousa’s O Novíssimo Testamento (The newest Testament) (Cape Verde)

    Martins, Catarina (CODESRIA, 2016-01-18)
    The role of literature in imagining and building African identities, social roles, economic dynamics and political structures cannot be underestimated. Indeed, from anti-colonialism through the preand immediate post-independence periods up to the contemporary postcolonial state, literature has been path breaking: it was through literature that pre-existing realities and historical processes were critically revised in important ways. And it was also through literature that future projects were designed that inspired political agents of all sorts, the most important example being the very construction of African states as described by the poets and storytellers that were decisive in creating the “imagined communities” that would sustain political struggle.Le rôle de la littérature dans les enquêtes et la construction des identités africaines, les rôles sociaux, la dynamique économique et les structures politiques ne peut pas être sous-estimée. En effet, de l’anti-colonialisme à travers le pré et les périodes post-indépendance immédiate à l’État postcolonial contemporain, la littérature a été de chemin de rupture: il était à travers la littérature que les réalités post-existantes et les processus historiques ont été grièvement révisées de façon importante . Et ce fut à travers la littérature que les futurs projets ont été conçus que les agents politiques inspirées de toutes sortes, l’exemple le plus important étant la façon la construction des Etats africains comme décrit par les poètes et les conteurs qui étaient décisif dans la création des «sociétés imaginaires» qui soutiendraient politique luttes.Mots clés: la littérature africaine, les femmes africaines, l’état post-colonial, communautés imaginées, le Cap-Vert
  • Editorial

    Oloyede, Olajide (CODESRIA, 2016-01-18)
    No Abstract.
  • Les Jeux Video en Negroculture : Contribution a Une Anthropologie de La Solidarite Chez Les Jeunes du Cameroun

    Elom, Paul Ulrich Otye (CODESRIA, 2016-01-18)
    En Afrique en général et au Cameroun en particulier, posséder une console de jeux vidéo n’est pas à la  portée de tout le monde. Les jeunes puisque ce sont eux qui les affectionnent particulièrement, qui en  possèdent une, font donc souvent appel à leurs pairs afin qu’ensemble, ils puissent s’amuser. L’espace où  les jeunes jouent aux jeux vidéo devient de ce fait un espace où cesiderniers s’affirment en tant que groupe à part entière. C’est un espace qui leur permet de se démarquer des adultes qui, le plus souvent dénigrent, voire méprisent cette activité ludique. Les jeunes y créent ainsi des « ethnométhodes » et développent une solidarité mécanique. Jouer aux jeux vidéo dans ce contexte n’est plus simplement une activité de loisir. L’espace de jeu devient un espace où se créent de nouvelles relations et où se raffermissent les anciennes. Mais également, un espace où se développent l’esprit de compétition et corrélativement même des conflits. Celui avec qui on s’amuse aux jeux vidéo devient celui à qui on se confie, avec qui on partage ses joies et ses peines. La console de jeux n’ « appartient » plus à celui qui l’a achetée, mais à tous ceux qui la jouent. Il n’est donc pas rare qu’elle s’exporte du domicile de son propriétaire pour le domicile d’un autre adolescent. Il faut également préciser que le jeu vidéo reste en négroculture une activité essentiellement masculine ; l’espace de jeu est donc le fief du garçon et les filles n’ont rien à y faire. Le jeu vidéo développe ainsi un certain machisme, une fierté d’être homme plutôt que femme. Dans ce contexte, on peut noter une sorte de détribalisation. L’obédience ethnique de tout un chacun s’estompe pour laisser place à une société des jeunes tout court. Le jeu vidéo fait donc tomber les barrières raciales, tribales, ethniques. Et même si on peut y noter des effets pervers, ce qui est normal, puisque aucun système culturel n’est parfait, les jeux vidéo en contexte camerounais développent chez les adolescents le sentiment d’appartenance à une même classe d’âge.Mots clé : Jeu vidéo – communication – valeur culturelle – jeunesseVideo game console is not accessible to everyone in Africa, generally, and in Cameroon, especially. Those who own one, in particular, the young ones, play with it in the company of their peers. The space in which the young play video-games thus becomes one in which they have fun and assert themselves as  full-fledged adult who stand out from adults who despise the activities. They create new relationships in this space and develop competitive spirit. Though predominantly a male activity, females also participate considering themselves as ‘men’. Significantly, the context allows for ‘detribalization’, dissolves ethnic obedience and develops a sense of belonging.Keywords: : Video Game - Communication - cultural value -
  • Workplace Hazards and Social Positioning Efforts of Male Adolescent Labourers in Suburb Sawmills, Lagos State Nigeria

    Agunbiade, Ojo Melvin (CODESRIA, 2016-01-18)
    Young people with low socioeconomic background require resilience to survive in a city with limited  opportunities. Unintendedly such efforts sometimes affect their well-being. Such is the case of adolescent  dwelling in some urban suburbs across cultures. Based on sixteen faceto- face interviews with adolescent boys working as labourers in suburb sawmills; this paper situates the notion of boyhood and survival into adulthood within a social space. The findings revealed conscious absorption with the notion of boyhood through certain rules of engagement and survival measures. These strategies include self-care practices geared towards achieving a healthy body for contextualised performance in the factory settings. However, this comes with series of consequences as boys lived out the social notions of boyhood and rules of engagement in activities for survival and social recognition. Hence, understanding and targeting the positive survival strategies of this social category of adolescents could be useful to empower and minimise the hazards of working and growing as adolescents in the physical and social spaces of sawmills.Keywords: Sawmills, Hazards, urban slums, boyhood, masculinitiesLes jeunes à faible contexte socio-économique nécessitent résilience pour survivre dans une ville avec des possibilités limitées. Unintendedly ces efforts affectent parfois leur bien-être. Tel est le cas de  l’adolescent demeure dans certaines banlieues urbaines à travers les cultures. Basé sur seize entretiens en face à face avec des adolescents travaillant comme ouvriers dans les scieries de la banlieue; Ce document situe la notion de jeunesse et de la survie à l’âge adulte dans un espace social. Les résultats ont révélé une absorption consciente avec la notion d’enfance grâce à certaines règles de mesures de l’engagement et de survie. Ces stratégies comprennent des pratiques d’auto-soins orientés vers la réalisation d’un corps sain pour la performance contextualisée dans les réglages d’usine. Toutefois, cela vient avec série de conséquences que les garçons vivaient les notions sociales de la jeunesse et des règles d’engagement dans des activités de survie et de reconnaissance sociale. Par conséquent, la compréhension et le ciblage des stratégies de survie positifs de cette catégorie sociale des adolescents pourrait être utile de responsabiliser et de minimiser les risques liés au travail et de plus en plus comme des adolescents dans les espaces physiques et sociaux des scieries.Mots-clés: scieries , les dangers, les bidonvilles , enfance , masculinités

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