• A case for ‘prevailing ecology’ as premium determinant in home-based child care conceptualisation and measurements

      Agbodza, Peter Atakuma (CODESRIA, 2017-03-29)
      This paper is based on a 22-month ethnographic study of child care practices of Tongu Ewe mothers located in Dzemeni a migrant, lakeside community in Ghana. It asserts the relevance of establishing the ecology for childcare as a premium yardstick within the practice of conceptualisation and measurement of childcare practices of mothers. It builds a case from the analysis of definitions and concepts in care literature. Notable among these are the works of Fisher and Tronto, Folbre, Longhurst, Oppong, Van Esterik among others. These are juxtaposed against the definitions and conceptual frameworks used to analyse child care in the Dzemeni study. The ethics of care framework propounded by Fisher and Tronto (1990) and the conceptual framework on care developed in 1995 by the UNICEF/Cornell University are examined in terms of their suitability as ‘models’ for assessing childcare practices universally. The paper proposes a re-evaluation of the tools of assessment of home-based child care costs in order to be able to construct a more encompassing framework.Keywords: childcare; childcare measurement; migrant mothers; itinerant mothers; Volta Lakeside; Tongu Ewe
    • A Drum’s Trans-Atlantic Journey from Africa to the Americas and Back after the end of Slavery: Annobonese and Fernandino musical cultures.

      I de Aranzadi (CODESRIA, 2011-10-03)
      Musical instruments are an intrinsic part of culture accompanying people as an essential factor in shaping the identity preserved through memory. In Equatorial Guinea there are some ethnic and social groups: Fang, Bubi, Ndowe, etc. It is in relation to the Annobonese and the Fernandinos musical culture, that the concept of “Return trip to Africa” becomes meaningful. This paper discusses this focusing on instruments such as cumbé, kunkí, and dances such as cumbé or bonkó, which constitute an African legacy that has returned and has become a part of Equatorial Guinea’s musical culture. The paper’s main point is that the identity given by the African elements has remained active until today.Keywords: Gumbé, cumbé, kunkí, Fernandino Creoles, Annobonese, Equatorial Guinea, musical instruments, slavery.
    • A Few Good Men in a World of Gangsters: Discourses of Respectability and Risk amongst Student Teachers in the Western Cape, South Africa

      Larkan, Fiona; van Wyk, Brian (CODESRIA, 2016-05-10)
      This paper considers the concurrent discourses of risk and respectability which are prominent in South  Africa’s Western Cape region and asks how one becomes a ‘respectable’ man in a community which values strong masculine role models and in which there are endemic levels of violence. Through a process of risk ‘mapping’ we explore the means through which a group of young male student teachers consciously ‘locate’ risk in their built environment. We look at the strategies these young men use to negotiate risk in their lives, and the close connection between risk and respectability which they articulate on an ongoing basis.Keywords: discourse; male, risk, respectability, violence, masculinity.
    • A qualitative application of Amartya Sen’s ‘development as freedom’ theory to an understanding of social grants in South Africa

      Xaba, Mzingaye Brilliant (CODESRIA, 2017-03-29)
      Amartya Sen argued that poverty is the “deprivation” of a person’s capability to lead a “good life”, therefore ending poverty means meeting basic physical and social needs, and enabling meaningful economic and political choices. The aim of this paper is to investigate whether and how social grants enable “choices” in Sen’s sense. In-depth interviews conducted with social grants recipients’ in this study provided evidence that social grants reduce poverty, both in terms of helping grants recipients to meet basic needs, and enabling them to make more choices, such as buying food, accessing education and health care, as well as facilitating job searches and starting small businesses. However, there was also evidence that showed that grants are inadequate to entirely remove the “unfreedoms” facing the poor because the grants are too small to adequately cover basic needs in the context of large family sizes, a serious and long-term lack of resources, persistent unemployment, and high indebtedness. Further, these grants could enable only a limited expansion of “choices”. This paper argues that social grants in South Africa do enable recipients some “choices” although access to these “choices” is limited. It is envisaged that this paper will help academics to think more about the extent of the developmental impact of social grants in South Africa.Keywords: Amartya Sen, poverty, social grants, choices, development as freedom
    • A Researcher’s Visit to Italy: Human trafficking and the Nigerian-Sicilian Mafias

      Omilusi, Mike (CODESRIA, 2019-12-13)
      This essay interrogates the complex nexus between organized crime and migrants within host countries. It specifically focuses on the surge of irregular migrants crossing the Central Mediterranean to Italy and the emergence of Nigerian criminal gangs who have cemented an ignoble but enduring cord with the Sicilian notorious mafia. This network, which took on a life of its own, has changed the traditional map of organised crime on the Island, defying both regional and global measures. The essay expresses concern on how Sicily intends to stop being “the refugee camp of Europe” through increased repatriations in the face of the financial, logistical and humanitarian implications of such an undertaking.Key Words: Trafficking, Mafia, Migrants, Organised Crime, Sicily Cet essai examine le lien complexe entre le crime organisé et les migrants dans les pays hôtes. Il s’intéresse plus particulièrement à l’afflux d’immigrants clandestins traversant la Méditerranée centrale en direction de l’Italie et à l’émergence de gangs criminels nigérians qui ont cimenté un lien ignoble mais durable avec la mafia notoire de Sicile. Ce réseau, qui a pris son essor, a modifié la carte traditionnelle du crime organisé sur l’île, défiant toute mesure à la fois régionale et mondiale. L’essai exprime l’inquiétude de savoir comment la Sicile entend cesser d’être «le camp de réfugiés de l’Europe» en augmentant le nombre de rapatriements, compte tenu des implications financières, logistiques et humanitaires d’une telle entreprise.Mots-clés: traite, mafia, migrants, crime organisé, Sicile
    • A review of youth violence theories: developing interventions to promote sustainable peace in Ilorin, Nigeria

      Abdullahi, Ali Arazeem; Seedat-Khan, Mariam; Abdulrahman, Saheed Olanrewaju (CODESRIA, 2017-03-29)
      Ilorin is located in North Central Nigeria with an estimated population above two million people. For some time now, Ilorin has been regarded as the most “peaceful” State Capital in the North Central geo-political zone; due to rare outburst of violence and criminality. However, in the recent past, the peaceful atmosphere of the State Capital has been under serious threat owing to frequent outburst of youth violence, particularly in socially disadvantaged neighbourhoods (SDNs). Consequently, youth violence has attracted the attention of policy makers and stakeholders in the State Capital, thereby occupying an important space in local discourses. In this paper, we undertake a review of theories of violence to understand the etiology of youth violence in Ilorin in particular and Nigeria as a whole, and assess the implications of these theories for developing strategies and policy frameworks for promoting long-lasting, sustainable peace.Keywords: Youth violence; Relative deprivation; Social disorganisation; Broken window; Ilorin
    • A theory of an Africa as a unification nation: a re-thinking of the structural transformation of Africa

      Mammo Muchie; Middlesex University Business School, London, UK School of Development Studies and Centre for Civil Society, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa (CODESRIA, 2005-12-09)
      No Abstract.African Sociological Review 2004, 8(2): 136-157
    • Accès aux technologies en Algérie: imposition ou appropriation ?

      H Khelfaoui (CODESRIA, 2012-02-29)
      No Abstract
    • Address: Sociology, Hypocrisy, and Social Order

      L Erinosho (CODESRIA, 2010-01-21)
      Address of the Interim President at the First General Assembly of the AfricanSociological Association, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa, July 2007.
    • Adolescent Sexuality and Culture: South African Mothers` Perspective

      Mudhovozi, P; Sodi, T; Ramarumo, M (CODESRIA, 2013-04-19)
      This study explores South African mothers’ perspective on adolescent sexuality within their cultural prism. Forty-four (44) mothers were purposefully selected for the study. Data was collected through six focus group discussions. The results indicated that culturally embedded reasons inhibited mothers from effectively imparting knowledge about sexuality to their daughters.Insufficient information, lack of role models and fear of sensitising their daughters to sexuality issues were other inhibitory factors.Keywords: Adolescent, sexuality, mothers, HIV and AIDS, sexual behaviour, culture.
    • Africa's Pasts and Africa's Historians

      Frederick Cooper (CODESRIA, 1999-02-01)
    • Amartya Sen: relecture de l’Etat de la justice

      F Issaoui (CODESRIA, 2012-02-29)
      L’Etat et la justice demeurent toujours des concepts obscures et sources majeures de querelles et de débats. cet article traite la vision de Sen aux concepts d’Etat et de justice. A partir de ce travail Sen penche pour un Etat démocratique libéral qui défend les droits et les libertés fondamentaux mais qui doit veiller, via ses institutions directes, à ce que les biens premiers qu’il fournit seront convertis en libertés réelle (terme clé pour Sen). L’Etat de Sen doit également être interventionniste, à un certain degré, pour qu’il corrige le problème de la répartition initiale qui peut léser beaucoup d’individus. Egalement, la justice de Sen est une justice qui essaye de franchir les problèmes de la justice rawlasienne en dotant les individus de moyens et de capabilités afin qu’ils jouissent effectivement des biens premiers.