La polifonía portuguesa de los siglos XVI y XVII en la formación musical en las escuelas de la enseñanza especializada y superior de música
Author(s)Raimundo, José Filomeno Martins
Contributor(s)Barrios, Mª del Pilar (Universidad de Extremadura - Dpto. Departamento de Didáctica de la Expresión Musical, Plástica y Corporal)
Jambrina Leal, Esperanza (Universidad de Extremadura - Dpto. Departamento de Didáctica de la Expresión Musical, Plástica y Corporal)
KeywordsMúsica Formación musical Música polifónica Música
Music Music education Polyphonic music
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AbstractEsta tesis es el resultado de un estudio empírico. Se pretendió conocer de qué modo la música portuguesa de los siglos XVI y XVII es utilizada en las clases de Formación Musical de la Enseñanza Especializada y Enseñanza Superior de Música. Para la realización del estudio se recopiló en las escuelas de la enseñanza superior, una retrospectiva, de los cursos y el análisis de los programas, y se puso en valor por los alumnos y profesores. En las escuelas de la enseñanza especializada de música, fueron exclusivamente los profesores los sujetos de la investigación. A partir del programa oficial de Formación Musical en vigor desde 1971, fueron analizadas las adaptaciones que se realizan a lo largo de los años, exclusivamente en las escuelas públicas. Se desarrolló un trabajo complementario que evidencia la calidad de la música polifónica portuguesa, en particular la que se produjo en la Capela de Vila Viçosa por el compositor António Pinheiro. El análisis de los salmos de António Pinheiro tiene tres partes: su estructura, su edición, estudio analítico-interpretativo. Para contextualizar la problemática principal, se buscó el significado que la actual Formación Musical posee en el seno de la enseñanza de la música. Así, se hizo un recorrido desde 1835 hasta hoy. Es el año 1835 en el que nace la enseñanza laica de la música, con la creación del Conservatorio de Música. La propuesta analítico-interpretativa, sobre los salmos de António Pinheiro, va a suministrar elementos fundamentales para la lectura de la música en este periodo.
This thesis is the result of an empirical study. Our aim was to find how Portuguese sixteenth- and eighteen-century music is currently used in specialized higher-education Aural classes. Our research took place in higher-education schools. A retrospective analysis and an inquiry to students and teachers were done. Our sample included all Potuguese public and private schools. We observed adjustments made to the official Aural program in force since 1971, focusing in public school�s music teaching. Beyond this core study, we developed a complementary work that highlights the quality of Portuguese polyphonic music of this period, particularly that produced in the Chapel of Vila Viçosa by composer António Pinheiro. The analysis of António Pinheiro�s psalms is divide in three parts: the first focuses the structure of psalms, the second is devoted to editions, the third presents an analytical/interpretative analysis of the pieces. To contextualize the main issue of our study, we reflected about Aural�s current importance in the field of music teaching. We considered the period from 1835 ti the present. Secular music education in Portugal began in 1835 with the creation of Conservatório de Música, which strongly contributed to the assimilation and development of musical culture outside the clerical level. The presentation of an analytical and interpretive proposal on the psalms of António Pinheiro aims to provide essential elements for the understanding of this period�s music, which may be taken into account by performers and teachers.
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