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Abstract[[abstract]]「世變」是朝代興替、世道衰敝的代詞，而周亮工是明清「世變」下的貳臣，由於受到「世變」的影響，使得他所編選的《尺牘新鈔》蘊涵特殊的文化用心與價值。而「風雅」是中國古代文學文化重要的命題，從《詩經》風雅精神的傳統形成以來，即蘊涵古代士君子對國事的憂慮，對世道與文化的關懷，而呈現著挽救危亡、還俗於淳的用心。尤其是面臨世變之際，風雅的精神更加地凸顯、發揚。 本論文即從「世變與風雅」的古典課題切入，鎖定明清「世變」之際的一部重要尺牘選集，為當時著名的文化人物周亮工所編《尺牘新鈔》。此部尺牘選集，由於編選精嚴、網羅用心，不但是明清尺牘選集中的佼佼者；更重要的是，它所反映出特殊的文化用心，使得這部尺牘選集的價值更高、更值得重視。以故，筆者試圖由周亮工編選《尺牘新鈔》的文化用心為鎖鑰，來探索與掘發蘊藏於《尺牘新鈔》中的豐富內涵與文化意義。 關於尺牘文學的研究，學界過去以來大多偏重在晚明尺牘小品的概念。然筆者發現，《尺牘新鈔》有著超越晚明文化的意圖，在編選的策略上，亦呈現著不同以往的做法。因而，為了闡說《尺牘新鈔》特殊的文化價值，本論文的章節設計如下：第一章〈緒論〉，交代研究動機、文獻探討、論題提出、研究範圍和研究方法。說明目前學界對周亮工及《尺牘新鈔》的研究皆不足，乃至有誤解現象，亟須對《尺牘新鈔》作系統性研究。第二章〈尺牘與風雅──源流與演變〉，考述尺牘和風雅所形成的傳統。第三章〈明代尺牘與風雅〉交代明代尺牘雅俗遞變的情形。這當中，並回溯明代尺牘的演變和風雅文化的交會，來說明尺牘小品盛行於晚明的概況與興衰。第四章〈周亮工與世變〉，交代周亮工生平事蹟與文章扑~，並強調「世變」對周亮工的影響，論及「貳臣心態」與其扶持風雅的文化志業的關連和焚書之因。第五章〈標風雅、隱性靈〉，交代《尺牘新鈔》於清初尺牘新刻中的創新意義和編選策略，尤其著重於闡發「風雅」的編選宗旨。第六章〈世變與藏?〉，交代「藏?」的名義與「世變」的關連，《藏?集》的編選特色，世變滄桑的文化書寫，以及「闡幽搜佚」的做法與苦心。這當中還包括周亮工以「周圻」為化名的尺牘的探討。第七章〈風雅與結?〉，交代「結?」名義與「風雅」的關連，《結?集》的編選特色，以及扶持風雅的做法與用心。並且對幾篇重要的《結?集序》作說明，以闡明「結?」旨歸。第八章〈結論〉，則對本論文研究所得作總結。另於論文最後有〈附錄〉三表，提供論文參考依據。 透過本論文研究，筆者希冀能對周亮工編選《尺牘新鈔》的「風雅」時代文化意義作凸顯強調，認識與掌握明清之際文化思潮的變遷，並充分闡發周亮工企圖為時代指引的一條由邪返正、由虛尚實、由俗歸雅的文化新路。
[[abstract]]“Generation changed” is a codeword of dynasty’s rise and fall, and the country comes to an end and society decay. Zhou Liang Gong becomes a courtier again when Ming Qing “generation changed”. As a result of the influence of “generation changed,” thence the Chi Du Xin Chao he selects which includes the value and care about culture. “Feng Ya” is an important topic in the ancient China literature. Since the spirit “Feng Ya” forms in Sin Jin, which includes gentlemen’s anxious for the country’s affairs, and they also concern about the generation changed and the culture. It appears the care of rescuing the country from peril and returning to the simple society. Especially, facing the generation changed, the spirit of Feng Ya becomes more splendid and glorious. This report treats about the classical topic of the “generation changed and Feng Ya.” It aims at the times of Ming Qing generation changed; Chi Du Xin Chao is authored Chi Du selects by Zhou Liang Gong who is a famous figure of culture. Because he compiles strictly and collects attentively, this Chi Du selects is not only the aristocrat of the Ming Qing Chi Du selects, but also reflecting the special care of culture. It makes the higher value and think highly of this Chi Du selects. Therefore, the writer tries to make the care about culture of Zhou Liang Gong’s Chi Du Xin Chao to be a key factor exploring and discovering the constructions of culture and plentiful connotations. About the study of Chi Du literature, the academic circle accents on the concept of Chi Du literature of the late Ming. However, the writer discovers that the Chi Du Sin Chao has contemplation to get beyond the culture of the late Ming. In the strategy of selecting and editing, it shows the methods which differs from before. Therefore, in order to interpret the special value of culture about Chi Du Sin Chao, the writer designs the chapters of this report are as below: The first chapter“Exordium”: Explain the research motivation, bring up the themes, and treat the bibliographies, and research methods. Accounting for the academic circle at the researches of Zhou Liang Gong and Chi Du Sin Chao are not enough; they still have misunderstanding phenomenon, so we have to make the systematic research for the Chi Du Sin Chao. The second chapter“Chi Du and Feng Ya”:Explain the tradition that Chi Du and Feng Ya shape. The third chapter“Ming Chi Du and Feng Ya”It presents the situation of the change of the Ming Chi Du; it also remounts the development of the Ming Chi Du and the culture of Feng Ya to explain the situation of Chi Du in the late Ming. The fourth chapter“Zhou Liang Gong and Generation Changed”: Explain the life of Zhou Liang Gong and his literary works, and emphasize that how the “generation changed” influences Zhou Liang Gong. It refers to the “mindset of being a courtier again,” the relation of supporting the culture of Feng Ya, and the reason of skoob. The sixth chapter“To Mark Refine and Canceal Spiritually”: Explain the innovative meanings and compiling strategy of Chi Du Sin Chao of the early Qing, especially for stressing the object of “Feng Ya.” The fifth chapter“Generation Changed and Cang Ju”: Explain the definition of “Cang Ju” and the relation of the “Generation Changed.” The features of the Cang Ju Gi are the writing of the vicissitudinary world and the methods of collecting the losing articles. It includes the discussions of Chi Du by “Zhou Qi” who is the alias of Zhou Liang Gong. The seventh chapter “Feng Ya and Jin Lin”: Explain the connection of “Jin Lin” and “Feng Ya,” the features of Jin Lin Gi, and the method and the care of supporting Feng Ya. Furthermore, explain some important articles from the Introduction of the Jin Lin Gi; the topic is about account of “Jin Lin.” The eighth chapter“Conclusion”: Summarize the research from the report. In addition, the report has three “postscripts,” to provide the authorities. Through the report, the writer hopes to stress emphatically on the meanings of the Feng Ya culture of Zhou Liang Gong’s Chi Du Sin Chao; knows and masters the change of the Ming Qing cultures, and then aims at guiding a new culture from wrong to right, vain to real, and secular to elegant.