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Abstract王阳明是中国最有影响力的思想家之一，他创立的阳明心学对中国以至东亚的知识分子有着深远的影响。与此同时，他还是一个诗人，有相当数量和较高质量的诗歌作品存世。本文鉴于当前王阳明诗歌研究相对薄弱的实际情况，对王阳明的诗歌创作进行具体的分析研究，以期认识其成就，明确其地位。本文试图结合王阳明的人生经历、哲学思想，探讨其诗歌创作、诗学观念以及对后世作家的影响。全文结构及主要内容如下： 引言部分概述了王阳明诗歌的研究现状、不足以及本文的研究思路。 第一章，从王阳明的家世背景、诗人性情及其哲学思想谈起，以期认识王阳明其人。 第二章，具体论述王阳明的诗歌创作。王阳明的诗歌呈现出前后期特色分明的特点，本章重点结合王阳明前后期诗歌的创作经历探讨其诗歌特色，并兼及王阳明晚年余姚诗的评价问题。 第三章，重点探讨王阳明的诗学观。王阳明是一个深受儒家传统影响的伟大思想家，其诗歌思想既受儒家诗教的影响，又受其心学“良知”说的影响。他既有继承儒家诗教的一面，又倡导诗歌要写“真意”，写真情写真诗。尚“真”的诗歌思想对后世文学，尤其是晚明的性灵文学思潮有深远影响。 第四章，着重考察王阳明对中晚明作家的影响。主要从两个方面论述：一是对诗文复古派的影响，以徐祯卿、郑善夫为代表；二是对诗文革新派的影响，以徐渭、李贽、公安三袁为代表展开论述。结语部分总结本文的主要内容和观点，明确王阳明诗歌的地位和影响。
As one of the most dynamic thinkers in the Confucian tradition,Wang Yang-ming has exerted profound influence on generations of East Asian intellectuals. Simultaneously, Wang Yang-ming was also a poet .He was not only famous for his poetry in his early life, and also had not given up writting during the most of his living life.In view of the research on Wang Yang-ming’s poetry are relatively weak, this thesis takes Wang Yang-ming’s poetry as the research object and which is mainly focus on Wang Yang-ming’s lifetime, poetry ,and his impact on the writers in middle and late Ming Dynasty.The main structure and contents are as following: Chapter Ⅰ:Wang Yang-ming’s lifttime. This chapter mainly discusses his ancestry ,personality and philosophy views. Chapter Ⅱ:Wang Yang-ming’s poetry creation. His poetry takes on different features in different periods. This chapter is emphasis on this point and also appraise on his poems which were written in Yu-Yao. Chapter Ⅲ: Wang Yang-ming’s poetry views.As one of the most important thinkers in the Confucian tradition,Wang Yang-ming’s views on the art of poetry were not only in common with that of Confucian’s, but also had a great relationship with his philosophy.Chapter Ⅳ: Wang Yang-ming’s impact on the literati in middle and late Ming Dynasty. It can be divided into two aspects. On one hand, he had a great impact on the school of the antiquarian trend of literary .Xu Zhen-qing and Zheng Shan-fu were the representatives.On another hand, he had a great impact on the school of the evolution trend of the literary .Xu Wei,Li Zhi and the Three Yuan Brothers of gong ‘an School were the representatives.