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Abstract曹叡是曹魏的第二位皇帝，与其祖曹操、其父曹丕并称为“魏之三祖”。其声名虽不如“三曹”显赫，但如全面加以考察，其于政治、文学层面皆有独特贡献。今人研究多偏于政治层面，文学史著作对曹叡大多略而不提，偶有提及，也只是寥寥数语。本文试图理清其生平中的一些疑点和模糊之处，深入探究其人的性格特征，阐述其思想理念，并在此其础上对曹叡作品尤其是诗歌创作进行分析考察和总体评价。 主要内容有： 第一章考察曹叡生平。结合史料对其生年、辞世年龄、久不得立为太子之故、立嗣与辅政大臣改易风波等生平中模糊之处进行考察梳理。 第二章探讨曹叡的个性与思想。在对史料比对分析的基础上论述曹叡的性格特征。分析其思想理念，即以“法”为主，以“儒”为辅；摒弃浮华，重实求真。第三章评述曹叡的文学创作。曹叡在位时期对于文士来说是一个比较安定的时期，文学创作较为活跃。曹叡其人在文学创作尤其是诗歌创作方面表现不俗，取得一定的成就，于文学和音乐发展史有其独特贡献。此外，对曹叡在文学史上的归属问题再作探讨。
Cao Rui is the second emperor of the Wei Kingdom，and he is regard as one of“The Three Generations of The Wei Kingdom”.Although the reputation of Cao Rui is not prominent than “Three Caos”，he also has unique contribution to politics and literature in the case of a comprehensive study. Modern people tend to research the political level，and the literary history works say nothing about Cao Rui mostly，there are just a few words if mentioned. Therefore，the thesis attempts to look into Cao Rui’s life，personality，idea and works. The main contents are： Chapter 1 investigates Cao Rui’s life. Combined with historical data, we analysis some controversial questions about Cao Rui，for example，the time of his birth，his age，why was he not be a prince for long time，how to choose his heir and the details about the change of his ministers，and so on. Chapter 2 discusses Cao Rui’s personality and idea. Based on the analysis of a large number of materials，we explore a range characteristics of Cao Rui. And then analyze his idea which is based mainly on the legalists thinking，and take the Confucianism as a supplement；oppose to the vanity and value the actuality.Chapter 3 makes comments on Cao Rui’s works. It was a relatively stable period under Cao Rui’s rule，the creation of literature showed the status of active. Cao Rui had a good performance on poems，he acquired some achievements，and made contribution to the history of the development of literature and music. Furthermore we probe in the issue of Cao Rui’s ownership in the literary history.