Peer-reviewed journal published in June and December by Lembaga Penelitian & Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LP2M) of the Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai, Gorontalo-Indonesia. Fokus muatan Al-Ulum adalah kajian keislaman meliputi Pendidikan Islam; Kebudayaan Islam; Hukum Islam; Pemikiran Islam; Ekonomi Islam;Komunikasi Islam; Dakwah; Konseling Islam; Filsafat Islam.

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The Globethics.net library contains articles of Al-Ulum as of vol. 10 no.2 to current.

Recent Submissions

  • Religious Experience; Harmony and Minority in Muslim Akit Tŕibe Society, Siak, Riau-Indonesia

    Madjid, Abd; Santoso, Santoso; Ridwan, M. (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2021-06-26)
    This article aims to examine the forms of the religious experience of the ummah when Muslims live as a minority. Qualitatively, this study conducted in-depth observations and interviews with key figures about religiosity, tolerance, and harmonious relations between religions through a sociological approach. The study results found that Penyengat Village maintains the religious freedom of its people, and customary stakeholders uphold the principles of togetherness and tolerance. The condition of religious development in the religious community is going well. Under customary protection holders and local governments, Muslim minorities living in a multicultural society can enjoy the freedom and live in harmony.
  • The Hijrah Phenomenon in Tertiary Education in Indonesian: A Multidimensional Analysis of Moderate Religious Values

    Hasse Jubba; Nugroho, Dwi; Destrianti, Gina; Sholikhah, Sholikhah (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2021-06-25)
    This article explored the phenomenon of hijrah among students at several universities in Indonesia. The data used was obtained through observation, interviews, and documentation studies. The findings found two conditions in the religious community that developed within the university. First, uncontrolled religious communities, such as the salaf community (hijrah), were affiliated with radical Islam, Salafi, Wahabi, and Muslim Brotherhood. They were not controlled to moderate religion, breaking unity and peace, like the salaf community. Second, the government could control society because it has a hierarchical line, such as student organizations. This article recommends a thorough study of the phenomenon of hijrah, which has recently become prominent not to deviate from the basic principles of hijrah itself as part of the overall practice of Islamic teachings (kaffah).
  • Political Leadership Among Religious Minorities: A Study of the Books Tafsir Al-Azhar and Tafsir Al-Misbah on The Non-Muslim President

    Syamsul Arifin; Wahyudi, Muhammad; Mustakim, Muh. (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2021-06-01)
    This article focuses on the study of non-Muslim leadership, which is mentioned in several verses in the Qur'an and often triggers debates in the public sphere, especially at the moment of electoral politics in Indonesia. Because the discussion about this often uses verses from the Qur'an as justification, it is interesting to examine the views of the commentators in Indonesia, which is focused on Surah Al-Maidah verse 51. To explore the views of the two commentators, this study uses library research by comparing (comparative analysis) between Tafsir Al-Azhar and Tafsir Al-Misbah. The study of the opinions of the two commentators finds out that the political positions of non-Muslims as leaders for Muslims have two different views. First, not. Second, the prohibition is to make non-Muslims as auliya' then Shihab explains the position of non-Muslims in three parts, one of which is that a non-Muslim who lives in peace with Muslims has the same rights and obligations as Muslims, as well as the right to be a leader.
  • The Symbolic Meaning of Death Ceremonies in Gorontalo From The Perspective of Karl Jaspers

    Wibawa, Nazar Husain Hadi Pranata; Maharani, Septiana Dwiputri; Hadi, Hardono (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2020-12-03)
    The focus of this article is to examine the symbols used in funeral ceremonies from Gorontalo in the perspective of Karl Jaspers' human philosophy. This research is a library research supported by field research. Literature research uses library data collection methods, while field research uses observation, participatory, interview. Data analysis uses interpretation, historical, heuristic and reflection. The research finds interpretations and reflections on the symbolism of the ceremonial tradition showing that it is not only a chiffer, but a chiffer that gives the power of revelation to other chiffers and unites them in Divine reality. The tradition illustrates that every element of reality, history and culture is interrelated and reveals elements of the same divinity, uborampe and media in ceremonies are symbols towards the Transcendent and play a role in life. The symbols used in the tradition illustrate that every divine power and element in the entire cosmos is in the unity of divinity.
  • Movement of Dakwah Cyber in The Middle of Clash The Ideology of Religious Community

    Jauhari, Minan (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2021-06-25)
    This article analyzes the da'wah movement that is expressed in cyber media, as well as the challenges of implementing da'wah that must be carried out amid the clash of ideologies of religious communities. This study uses a qualitative method with an ethnomethodological approach, focusing on the analysis of digital conversations that are centered on the analysis of traces of interactions and conversations in response to da'wah narratives that have been uploaded openly through cyber community media. By using the concept of cyberspace and the concept of da'wah in understanding this cyber religious reality, this study can show that da'wah movements and activities that are displayed through cyber community media are a religious phenomenon along with the development of information and communication technology. This study also looks at the importance of humanist cyber da'wah by considering the da'wah process displayed in this cyber media in addition to calling for goodness and preventing evil, it also tends to describe the occurrence of ideological disputes and clashes between religious communities, marked by the many pro and con responses that appear in each da'wah message that uploaded through cyber religious community media.
  • The Hijrah Phenomenon in Indonesian University: A Multidimensional Analysis of Moderate Religion Values

    Hasse Jubba; Nugroho, Dwi; Destrianti, Gina; Sholikhah, Sholikhah (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2021-06-25)
    This article explored the phenomenon of hijrah among students at several universities in Indonesia. The data used was obtained through observation, interviews, and documentation studies. The findings found two conditions in the religious community that developed within the university. First, uncontrolled religious communities, such as the salaf community (hijrah), were affiliated with radical Islam, Salafi, Wahabi, and Muslim Brotherhood. They were not controlled to moderate religion, breaking unity and peace, like the salaf community. Second, the government could control society because it has a hierarchical line, such as student organizations. This article recommends a thorough study of the phenomenon of hijrah, which has recently become prominent not to deviate from the basic principles of hijrah itself as part of the overall practice of Islamic teachings (kaffah).
  • Political Leadership Among Religious Minorities : A Study of the Books Tafsir Al-Azhar and Tafsir Al-Misbah on The Non-Muslim President

    Syamsul Arifin; Wahyudi, Muhammad; Mustakim, Muh. (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2021-06-25)
    A controversial phenomenon about  non-muslim leadership always  becomes a hot  conversation  approaching to  or during the political year in Indonesia, especially in  the presidential election. In 2017, the “Ahok” phenomenon  where incidentally he is non-muslim   seized the public attention in Indonesia even the world. A statement that always arises is that whether  it  is allowed non-muslims to be  leaders in Indonesia, even the President. Religious lectures  in the mosques and also the recitations  in the community  were very rampant so that the interpretation of the QS  Al-Maidah surfaced: 51 made by the preachers even by the society in general.  Therefore,  it is no wonder that various interpretations in the form of  sentiment and “intolerant” interpretations to other groups  appeared. The authority of such an interpretation should be under the hand of the muffassirs or should refer to their works. Therefore, this present article would discuss the points of view of two Indonesian muffassirs namely Hamka and M. Quraish Shihab about the surah Al-Maidah verse 51. Is there any difference  in points of view between the two figures, and what  backgrounds the difference?
  • Da’wah in Multicultural Society; Struggling between Identity, Plurality and Puritanity: an Empirical Study of Cheng Hoo Mosque of Makassar, South Sulawesi

    Thaib, Erwin Jusuf; Nusi, Arfan; Suharti (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2021-06-25)
    This article focuses on research on the role of the Cheng Hoo Mosque in the multicultural da'wah movement in Makassar City and the challenges it faces. This study uses a qualitative method with a sociological and da'wah approach. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the existence of multicultural da'wah at the Cheng Hoo Mosque in Makassar City and the challenges it faces from aspects of identity, plurality, and puritanity. Data were collected through interviews, field observations, and documentation studies. The research findings show that the Cheng Hoo Mosque is a religious and cultural identity of the Chinese Muslim community in Makassar City. The challenge faced by multicultural da'wah is plurality, especially in the field of religion and religious puritanism which leads to division. The multicultural da'wah movement at Cheng Hoo Mosque is carried out with three approaches, namely non-mazhab mosques, mosques that are open to all groups, across cultures and religions, and acceptance and respect for local culture. Key words: Cheng Hoo Mosque, da’wah, multicultural
  • Understanding Islam and The Impact on Indonesian Harmony and Diversity: A Critical Analysis of Journal Publication 2010 to 2020

    Orba Manullang, Sardjana; Mardani, Mardani; Hendriarto, Prasetyono; Aslan , Aslan (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2021-06-25)
    This article discusses the correct understanding of Islam that will impact harmony and the development of life in the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia. This article also wants to gain a deeper understanding of the above understanding through the findings of socio-religious and civic studies and their impact on community harmony. This study collects data from online publications, and then we analyze it by involving a careful coding system. Not to forget the critical evaluation and interpretation of the data we obtained to obtain findings that we believe are appropriate to answer all the problems we pose in this study of religion and citizenship. From the results of the discussion and interpretation with a phenomenological approach, finally, this study can conclude that citizen harmony occurs when citizens have and live religious understanding objectively and correctly to build more harmonious relationships in a country that adheres to diversity. The results of this study are beneficial for many parties for the sake of increasing Islamic brotherhood and the unity of Indonesian citizens.
  • Implementation of Muhammadiyah Da'wah Through Local Cultural Wisdom in The Construction of Ummatan Wasathon in Lampung

    Songidan, Junaidi; Nasor, Nasor; Noor, Marzuki; Yanti, Fitri (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2021-06-25)
    This article focuses on research on the implementation of Muhammadiyah da'wah through local cultural wisdom in the 'ummatan wasathon' construction in Lampung. This study uses a qualitative method with a phenomenological and sociological approach to informants taken through purposive sampling with predetermined considerations. Data were collected through interviews, observation and documentation studies. The purpose of this study is to analyze the implementation of Muhammadiyah's da'wah and find out a model of Muhammadiyah's da'wah through local cultural wisdom in the construction of wasathon ummatan. The research findings show that Muhammadiyah's da'wah in implementing the Islamic da'wah movement requires movement reconciliation, through majlis and business charities, so that the da'wah movement can achieve its goals. At the same time, the da'wah is carried out with flexibility and wisdom through local cultural wisdom and becomes a model for the development of Islamic society, namely ummatan wasathon.
  • Transmigration Village and Construction of Religious Harmony: Evidences From Mamasa of West Sulawesi

    Muhammad Arsyam; Zakirah , Zakirah; Sulaeman, Sulaeman (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2021-06-25)
    The focus of this research is finding the construction of religious harmony in former conflict areas in Indonesia. The aim is to photograph the process of resolving religious conflicts in Kampung Rano in Mamasa of West Sulawesi Province. This research uses a qualitative method using a phenomenological approach by collecting socio-religious data and interviews from researchers with objects. This study empirically shows that finds the importance of understanding the value of pluralism has been taking place, especially for the people of Kampung Rano to regenerate an economic situation that has been devastated for more than a decade. On the other hand, there are a number of agreements between the transmigrant community and local residents, one of which is to no longer use religious attributes and symbols in political activities.
  • Historical Dynamics and Intellectual Networks of Pesantrens in Bangka Belitung Island Province in The Year 1930-2020

    ASARI, HASAN; Mukti, Abd.; Subri, Subri (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2021-06-25)
    The focus of this article is to find out the historical dynamics and intellectual network of pesantren in Bangka. The research method is the historical method of Kuntowijoyo's theory. The result of the research is that the dynamics of the history of Islamic boarding schools in the province of the Bangka Belitung archipelago began with traditional Islamic educational institutions, namely reciting the Koran, then Arabic schools and then developing into Islamic boarding schools. The historical range of the growth of the Islamic boarding school is in accordance with the path of Islamization and the traditional characteristics of Bangka Islam. Meanwhile, the intellectual network of the pesantren of the Bangka community started from the Mecca and Middle East networks around the 1910s. Then the network shifted to its own country, which spread to parts of Sumatra, East Java, West Java and Kalimantan as well as the island of Bangka itself in the decade of the New Order era until post-reformation around the 1970s until now.
  • Constructing Religious Moderation in Islamic Higher Education

    Abdullah, Abdul Haris; Nento, Shinta (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2021-06-25)
    This study focuses on students' perceptions to explore and measure the elements that form religious moderation. Nine common factors are understood: understanding Islam, sharia balance, values of human beings, plurality in religion, rights of minority groups, national engagement, anti-violence, an attitude of friendship, and educational curricula. The nine factors seem to be interlinked too intimately, and therefore a theme is needed to simplify and make them more operable. This research method is quantitative with the type of explantation research and using a survey approach. The study involved 90 samples. Data analysis techniques of these factors used the help of computer programs such as SPSS software. The results demonstrated that these nine factors could be reduced to produce new names for the three main factors, namely, diversity, peace, and education. The three designations of these factors will help facilitate the approach in an effort to create an understanding of moderation among students in Islamic religious colleges.    
  • Multicultural Dakwah Strategies and Social Change in Purwokerto

    Saefulloh, Aris (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2021-06-26)
    This article mainly aims to reveal the role of da'wah in social change, as well as how da'wah can be developed in a multicultural society. This study is a qualitative research, which aims to understand (to understand) social phenomena or a reality by focusing on a comprehensive description of the social phenomena being studied rather than breaking them down into interrelated variables. The results of the study show that da'wah is not just the delivery of messages of Islamic values, but also plays a role in the development of the times. Da'wah is able to encourage the productive power of the people or act as an agent of social change. Da'wah that can be developed in a multicultural society, among others: 1) da'wah is more oriented to aspects of quality than quantity, 2) da'wah is carried out on the concept of diversity, 3) da'wah with a local cultural and language approach, 4) continues to innovate da'wah, 5) understand the problems and needs of the people.
  • The Contribution of The School of Peace as A Religious Moderation Implementation

    Tolchah, Moch.; Yahiji, Kasim; Posangi, Said Subhan; Ainiyah, Nur (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2021-06-26)
    This article focuses on the contribution of the peace school program as one of the implementations of religious moderation strategies in schools. This study uses a phenomenological approach. This research is applied using structured interviews and documentation of 20 pilot schools of the peace school program. Empirical data illustrates the implementation of the peace school program, the success rate of the peace school program, the contribution of the peace school program as a strategy for implementing religious moderation in schools. This study found that the peace school program is one of the programs that greatly contributes to realizing the implementation of religious moderation in schools. The three pillars in the implementation of the peace school program which consist of policies, practices, and promotions based on tolerance and peace in the school environment reflect the principles of religious moderation.
  • Religious Experience; Harmony and Minority in Muslim Akit Tribe Society, Siak, Riau-Indonesia

    Madjid, Abdul (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2021-06-26)
    The focus of this article aims to examine the religious condition of Muslims living as a minority environement. Through a sociological approach, qualitatively, various issues considered are the practice of religiosity, multiculturalism, and tolerance. This article finds that Kampung Penyengat maintains the religious freedom of its people and customary stakeholders uphold the principles of togetherness and tolerance. However, religious cases emerged from Muslim minority groups who were originally converts to Islam. This article argues that, so far, the conditions for the development of diversity in the religion of the ummah are going well. Under customary protection holders and local governments, Muslim minorities living in a multicultural society can enjoy Muslim freedom and religious freedom. The existing practices of tolerance are stronger than the tensions and inter-religious conflicts that occur.
  • Harmonization of Culture and Religion: Comparison of Baduy and Nahdlatul Ulama Traditions

    Hasani Ahmad Said; Sobariyah, Lina; Madina, Sahmin (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2020-12-31)
    This study discussed the harmonious life of the Baduy people, a group of indigenous group who still maintain and preserve Pikukuh or traditional taboos that guide activities based on Sundanese Wiwitan teachings. Meanwhile, Nahdhatul Ulama is a religious and cultural identity embraced by most Muslims in the archipelago by preserving traditionalism. Baduy and Nahdlatul Ulama, society and group teachings, uphold the harmonious balance between humans and their gods in the context of life that preserves culture and upholds religion. Baduy preserves local traditions that are not only a reference for the behavior of community groups. However, it is also a source of inspiration for each community to live a compact, albeit different, life. Meanwhile, Nahdhatul Ulama's works are influenced by the social environment in which Islam can be accepted and developed. Finally, culture and religion continue to exist in harmony because they are mutually supportive parts.
  • Dinamics of Mombolasuako in Southeast Sulawesi: Islamic Law Perspective

    Ipandang (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2020-12-31)
    This article examines the dynamics of the mombolasuako that emerge in Coastal Tolaki society of Southeast Sulawesi in the perspective of Islamic law. This dinamics was triggered by actions that come out of the traditions of Coastal Tolaki community. Where this society has a strict marriage tradition by holds fast to the principle of "married close to a close family" (endogamy). Even the costs incurred are very large. Therefore, this article was used a normative and sociological approach to explain the dynamics and paradigmatics of mombolasuako marriages. This article found that the mombolasuako action arises because it is formed from the paradigmatic side of the Tolaki community which was relatively incompatible with marital customs. In fact, from the perspective of Islamic law, mombolasuako is an action that falls into the category of sadd az-zariah actions, in which are: actions that originally had benefits, but instead led to obstructions.
  • Uang Panai dan Investasi (studi pada nilai-nilai kearifan lokal dalam perkawinan Suku Bugis Makassar)

    Rahim, Abdul; Susono, Juhasdi; Habibah, St; Ismail, Ismail; Markuna, Markuna (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2020-12-14)
    Paper ini fokus mendiskripsikan fenomena uang panai sebagai model investasi dalam masyarakat Bugis-Makassar. Metode yang digunakan adalah kualitatif deskriptif  berbasis kepada field research dengan pendekatan interdisipliner (ekonomi, sosial dan budaya). Tujuan paper ini menjelaskan uang panai memiliki tujuan lain salah satunya sebagai modal investasi. Hasil penelitian ini mendeskripsikan bahwa fenomena uang panai’ dijadikan investasi sebagai suatu solusi atas penggunaan uang panai’ dalam pesta/resepsi perkawinan secara berlebih-lebihan. Pentingnya kedudukan  uang panai’ dalam adat perkawinan Bugis-Makassar berwujud menjadi suatu kewajiban bagi pihak laki-laki untuk diserahkan kepada pihak perempuan, dan bisa menjadi penyebab batalnya perkawinan apabilah tidak ada kesepakatan di antara kedua belah pihak tentang jumlahnya uang panai’.  
  • The Beati Tradition in North Gorontalo District : (Ethnographic Study of Processions and Verbal Meanings of Tuja'i)

    N. Hula, Ibnu Rawandhy; Mariana , Ana (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2020-12-14)
    This paper focuses on the stages of implementing the beati tradition in North Gorontalo District communities and explains the content of the verbal meaning of tuja'i. The research method used is descriptive-analytic research with an ethnographic study approach. This paper aims to analyze the cultural elements in the tradition of the procession, manner and behavior, and verbal language. This study found that the poetic verbal meaning of tuja'i contains directions, praise, advice, and advice, leading a girl to become a complete Muslim by a) pledging to carry out religious orders on al-arkan al-tsalatsah, as well as customary rules based on sharia b) obeying parents, making them happy and maintaining the right name of the family, c) maintaining the purity of oneself both physically and mentally which is marked by noble morals d) Avoiding lousy temperament.

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