• Faham tentang Larangan Shalat Jumat Bagi Wanita di Gorontalo

      Kasim, Dulsukmi (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2019-06-01)
      Tulisan ini mengangkat kasus faham shalat Jumat muslimah Desa Bulotalangi Timur yang ada di Kecamatan Bulango Timur Kabupaten Bone Bolango. Dari tiga masjid yang ada di desa Bulotalangi Timur, hanya masjid al-Hidayah yang muslimahnya menjalankan faham bahwa wanita tidak boleh shalat Jumat, sehingga mereka datang ke masjid pada hari Jumat hanya untuk shalat Dhuhur berjamaah dan diimami seorang pria. Faham ini muncul sejak tahun 1994 yang diajarkan oleh seorang guru ngaji bernama Karim Daud. Tidak dijumpai adanya dalil nas khusus dalam menjalankan faham tersebut. Langgengnya faham tersebut dipicu oleh sedikitnya 4 faktor: 1) Rendahnya tingkat pendidikan dan pengetahuan agama warga desa tersebut; 2) Kurangnya perhatian dari lembaga pemerintah dan tokoh masyarakat setempat; 3) Adanya fanatisme buta atas doktrin sang guru/ustad; 4) Kurang tersentuhnya mereka oleh dakwah ulama Gorontalo (MUI, Kementerian Agama, dan da’i).
    • Faktor Minat Non-Muslim Menabung pada Bank Syariah di Kota Langsa - Aceh

      Nasution, Ismail Fahmi Arrauf (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2020-06-06)
      Langsa Aceh to save in sharia banks. Non-Muslims are a minority community in a religious perspective in Aceh. Especially in the system of formalization Islamic law, they often experience discrimination. In this phenomenon, non-Muslim appreciation of Islamic symbols such as sharia banks remains high. This is what makes this research important. This study with non-Muslim samples in Langsa Aceh uses field research with a focus on interviews and observations to find data. Furthermore, the data is reduced and processed with rules that have been determined in the field research system. The findings of this study indicate four important factors that influence the interest of non-Muslims in Langsa Aceh to save in sharia banks. First is knowledge factor, second is location factor, third is promotion factor, and fourth is environmental factor. An important recommendation from this research is that sharia banks realize the enthusiasm of non-Muslims to save in sharia banks so that they become a focus of promotion and socialization. Sharia banks must offer an objective system of the advantages of the Islamic banking system.
    • Fikih Lingkungan

      Ghufron, Muhammad (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2017-05-31)
      This paper discusses the concept of environment in the perspective of Islamic law (fiqh). Understanding of environmental issues (fiqh al bi `ah) and the treatment needs to be placed on an ethical and moral foundation to support all efforts that have been made and nurtured during this even though it has not been able to cope with environmental degradation. Fiqh environment in order to awaken people of faith to realize that environmental issues are not released from the responsibility of man who is faithful and a mandate from Allah to preserve and protect nature from all sorts of damage and destruction that resulted in his own life-threatening. Environmental conservation law is fardlu kifayah. That is, all those individuals and groups responsible for environmental protection, and should be involved in the handling of environmental damage.
    • Filosofis Equilibrasi dalam Konsep Pendidikan Islam Relevansinya bagi Akselerasi Pengembangan Nilai Kepribadian dalam konteks Ke-Indonesiaan

      Wahyudin, Wahyudin; Mahmudah, Nurul; Wahyudi, Dedi (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2019-10-21)
      Abstract The philosophy of equilibration in the concept of Islamic education refers to the basic principle of human being perfectness aim to gain happiness in life in the world and the hereafter. The aim is the concept of Islam in teaching a balances between individuals, social, physical and spiritual, with a hope that there will be no inequality in the national and state life.  Philosophical concept of education in Indonesia Ing ngarsa sung tuladha, madya mangun karsa, tut wuri handayani is an ideals of the nation. The problem is that the concept of education is indicated by a system of individualism, liberalism, capitalism and other theories. Theory used; dynamic personality development, supported by the theory of individual and social balancing processes and inspired by the concept of Islamic education. This research method uses literature and descriptive qualitative in nature, phenomenological data analysis seeks to describe all human experience and describes a philosophical outlook on the value of personality in the life of the nation and state. The results of the research, the philosophical acceleration of the development of the Personality value among people's lives, by means of a persuasive approach as a force that serves to bring each citizen closer to life in the community. Philosophical Equilibari Islamic concepts of personality development in the Indonesian context are very relevant. The relevance, if the application of personality equilibration is a strong ideology in the realm of education, then this nation has a powerful and sustainable personality and is respected by other nations. Keywords: Philosophy, Acceleration, Harmony, and personality. Abstrak Filosofis equilibrasi dalam konsep pendidikan Islam mengacu pada prinsip dasar yaitu insan sempurna bertujuan mendapatkan kebahagiaan hidup dunia dan akhirat. Tujuannya  konsep  Islam untuk mengajarkan keseimbangan antara individu, sosial, jasmani dan rohani,  dengan harapkan tidak terjadi ketimpangan dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat berbangsa dan bernegara. Filosofis konsep pendidikan di Indonesia Ing ngarsa sung tuladha, ing madya mangun karsa, tut wuri handayani sebuah cita-cita negara. Masalahnya bahwa konsep pendidikan terindikasi kepada sistem individualism, liberalism, kapitalisme dan lebih banyak teori. Teori yang digunakan; pengembangan kepribadian yang dinamis, didukung teori proses penye-imbangan individu dan sosial dan diilhami konsep pendidikan Islam. Metode kajian ini menggunakan kepustakaan serta bersifat deskriptif kualitatif, analisis data fenomenologi berupaya mendeskripsikan seluruh pengalaman manusia dan memaparkan pandangan hidup secara filosofis mengenai nilai kerpibadian dalam kehidupan berbangsa dan bernegara. Hasil penelitian, akselerasi filosofis pengembangan nilai Kepribadian dalam kehidupan masyarakat, dengan cara pendekatan persuasif sebagai kekuatan yang berfungsi mendekatkan setiap warga dalam hidup bemasyarakat. Filosofis Equilibari konsep Islam pengembangan kepribadian dalam konteks Ke-Indonesiaan sangat relevan. Relevansiya, jika penerapan equilibrasi kepribadian dijadikan ideologi kuat dalam ranah pendidikan, maka bangsa ini memiliki kepribadian dahsyat dan berkelanjutan serta disegani bangsa lain. Kata Kunci: Filosofis, Akselerasi, Kese
    • Fiqh Anak di Indonesia

      Darwis, Rizal (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2017-05-31)
      This article describes the concept of children fiqh in Indonesia with discussions covering status and child care. A child can legitimately be said to have a blood relationship with her/his father if she/he was born in a legitimate marriage. If the child is born illegitimately; then, she/he cannot be attributed to his/her father, except his/her mother alone. In the case of child care, most scholars have differed fiqh perspective. Many fiqh scholars stated that women has the authority to care for and educate children is more appropriate care for and educate children because their feminine nature. However, Hanafi and Maliki schools of thought argued that nurturing, caring and educating children is the right caregiver (mother or a representative). Associated Muslim scholars contended that the right of al-hadhanah is the rights of the two parents. Wahbah al-Zuhailiy argued that the rights of alhadhanah belong to association between mother, father and children. If a dispute arises among these three parties; then, the priority is focused on the rights of the cared-child.
    • Framing the Risk of Islamic Based Equity Financing: an Inside Look

      Adawiyah, Wiwiek Rabiatul (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2015-06-01)
      This article is a review of the literature that aims at bringing into surface the issue of risk management in equity-based financing which is currently less attractive to Islamic banks. There are several forms of Islamic financing offered to potential borrower. Equity financing is less favorable as compared to debt financing due to high risks associated with it. Substantial numbers of strategies have been developed by researchers to mitigate the financing risks nonetheless the attempt is far from succeed. It is evidenced in the literature that both investors and financial intermediaries tend to overlooked profit and loss sharing mode of financing.  Meanwhile Equity financing is adored to be the best form of financing to be offered to small business since it is operating under the principle of justice.  Profit and loss sharing mechanism relieve both fund providers and borrowers from financial burden.  This article shall review potential risks embedded in equity financing and strategies to overcome the problem.
    • Freedom of Religion in Jannah Al-Atfal (Heaven Of Children) The Works of Najib Mahfuz

      Munthe, Bermawy (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2014-12-01)
      This study based on the theory of structuralism Robert Stanton, which focuses on the elements of theme in short story Jannah al -At fal (Children of Heaven) by Najib Mahfuz. The result of study was found that the etching of religious freedom to children as a religious education it’s aims to instill competency mastery of basic religious knowledge, attitude differences religious and religious tolerance, interfaith friendship, think and act freely, child relationship and God the Creator, child and the particulars of life and death as well as children and happenings in heaven and hell. This seventh aspect becomes interconnectivity and integrative unity to allow freedom of religion.
    • Geliat Keberagamaan Moderat Komunitas Muslim Tionghoa (Kontribusi Pengkajian Islam Intensif dalam Keberagamaan Moderat Komunitas Muslim Tionghoa Kota Makassar)

      Rosmini, Rosmini; Syamsidar, Syamsidar; Haniah, Haniah (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2017-06-01)
      Studying of the Qur'an continuously, integrated and comprehensively becomes a necessity if we want to practice the teachings of Islam “kaffah”. At least, this is the basis of dakwah implemented by the Chinese Muslim community in Makassar. One indicator of being “kaffah” in embracing Islam is always showing moderate religious attitudes in all aspects of life, both individual and collective, at the level of faith, worship, muamalah, and morals. In understanding and practicing the teachings of Islam, the Chinese Muslim community in Makassar reflects religious moderation; therefore, their presence did not cause conflict in Makassar locally, but a blessing for the local community. Their Chinese identity is maintained by reconstructing the religious value of their traditions and culture. In this community, the belief of Islamic theology is not religiously indicated as elements of syncretism. As a result, their Chinese identity survives copes with their Islamic belief. Ultimately, moderate of Islamic teachings, as a religion of “rahmatan lil al alamiin”, is then reflected in their daily lives, including in their religious attitudes and behavior.
    • Halal product business between opportunities and challenges, problematics and their solutions

      Arif, Zainal; Warto, Warto (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2020-06-06)
      This study aims to examine the halal business opportunities, challenges and solutions in Indonesia. This research uses descriptive qualitative method by using documentation data in the form of books, reports from official institutions such as BPS, OJK, BI, Ministry of Trade, Kemenpan and scientific journals. The results of a study of several literatures found that Indonesia actually has a huge opportunity to become the center of the world's halal business. This can be seen from several indicators between the high level of the Muslim population and the high level of consumption. However, the attitude of business actors who tend to be unaware, pursue more profits, lack of government attention, protect business players more than consumers, the low public response to halal products is a major obstacle. The main solution is to accelerate the application of the JPH Law as a legal umbrella, awareness of entrepreneurs and business people, by making halal certification a part of excellent service, and community support.
    • Hermeneutika Hadis Gender (Studi Pemikiran Khaled M. Abou El Fadl dalam Buku Speaking in God’s Name; Islamic Law, Authority And Women)

      Majid, Abdul (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2013-12-01)
      This paper is aimed to construct the Khaled M. Abou al-Fadl’s hermeneutics on hadiths gender, by examining its authentity and interpretation. This study brings a study case on a number of fatwas of Council for Scientific Research and Legal Opinion, the Saudi Arab-based Fatwa Institute. Abou El- Fadl applies a number of hermeneutic works; such as, negotiating process among texts, authors, the prophet’s traditions, and transmitters, as well as the readers. The hermeneutics work was throuruoghly counducted by bringing together the five principal rules: honesty, deligency, comprehensiveness, rationality, and self-restraint. A number of findings found is as follow: first, hadiths being bases of the fatwa are inadequate. Some of them are not authentic and yet proportionally. Second, hadith is the long final authorship product from the prophet as the first author to the level of hadith collector such as Imam Bukhori. Finally, each author's subjectivity can be tightly attached to the hadiths that he or she revealed which historically must be explored.
    • Hermeneutika Hukum Islam Abû Ishâq Al-Syâthibî

      Fadal, Kurdi (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2017-06-12)
      This paper traces al-Syatibi’s thought about how he formulated the ijtihad of hermeneutics that aims to make Islamic law could really be applied by every Muslim. Sharia is set to benefit for both in this life and hereafter. Therefore, every legal system is aimed to organize all aspects of human life must be able to give benefit to them. Therefore, methodological steps must be taken every jurist, mujtahid or legal reviewers when they are about to set the law. The first step profoundly understands the texts of the Koran and Hadiths; knows the context of the emergence of these texts, as well as understands the context of a community, e.g. legal subjects, so, the legal can be applied and beneficial.
    • Historicity and Contextualization to The Problems of Moslem and Non-Moslem (A Hadith Study)

      Assagaf, Ja`far (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2014-12-01)
      Specifications of this paper are to discuss on the most traditions of the Prophet Muhammad pbuh about problematic social interactions of Moslems and Non-Moslems in the context of history and understanding which are implied inside it. The first is about greeting, congratulations for the great day. Secondly, Non-Moslems enter the mosque. The third is about eating meat of animals which are cut by Non-Moslems. All of these Specifications are often taking place with high intensity between Moslems and Non-Moslems in daily life. The problems of the relationship between Moslems and Non-Moslems are actual to be discussed.  The issues are not infrequently to be in confinement the radical attitude of Moslems because of the understanding of religious texts, in this regard is the Qur'an, and hadith textually. The textually understandings of religious texts are combat command, killing, and dicriminating Non-Moslems. While, Non-Moslem communities do not try to learn on both the text histories from source Moslems deeply. Therefore, they have priori attitude towards certain clans. If they, especially for Moslems, are willing to learn aspects of religious texts comprehensively, so that, radical, and hostile attitude of Non-Moslem communities are nothing. 
    • Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia and Its Implications on Social Religious Realm

      Mujahiduddin, Mujahiduddin (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2011-06-01)
      This article describes HizbututTahrir as a social movement in post-Suharto era, and his views on the re-establishment of the Islamic caliphate. In the perspective of the emergence of social movements can be said Hizbuu Tahrir Indonesia is clearly a response to a variety of damage that occurred in Indonesia ranging from poverty, injustice, corruption, and demoralization. Social disasters caused by the implementation of the Indonesian government or secular infidels (unbelievers) system emanating from Western values​​. To escape from such problems, HizbutTahrir and HTI is to encourage full implementation of Islamic Sharia from the restoration of the Islamic caliphate throughout the world. HTI is fully aware that to establish an Islamic caliphate requires collective action and support of many people.
    • Hukum Domestikasi dan Kepemimpinan Perempuan dalam Keluarga

      Ibrahim, Sulaiman (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2013-12-01)
      This paper emphasizes that male headship in the family is not absolute. He was tied with the requirements that must be met. Leadership that was more nuanced functional, not structural. Male leadership not to comply fully absolutize wife. Wife still has the right to deliberation and bargaining with the desire of the husband based on rational argument-conditional. Domestication role of women is a condition in which women perform domestic duties as well as public role. These tasks should be positioned as an alternative that can be selected by agreement between the husband and wife, so that when the conditions require, they can exchange assignments based on the principle of cooperation.
    • Hukum Islam Indonesia sebagai Role Model Islam Nusantara

      Salenda, Kasjim (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2017-05-28)
      This paper analyzes the distinction of Islamic law in Indonesia as a role model of Indonesian Islam (Islam Nusantara). The underlying question is that what are the disticntions of Indonesian Islamic law which can be a role model for Indonesian Islam. The purpose of this paper is to identify the characteristics of Islamic law in Indonesia as well as to elaborate the distinctiveness of Indonesian Islam as a role model. It is showed that Islamic law in Indonesia has been well integrated into Indonesian culture and Indonesian legislations. Indonesian Islam (Islam Nusantara) initiated by Nahdatul Ulama shows its capacities to accommodate local wisdom (culture) and Islamic law, so that there is no conflict among them. It is peaceful, pluralistic and egalitarian approach, and there will be ‘role model’ for Islamic civilization.
    • Human Rights Obligations in Perspective Islamic Criminal Law

      Hasan, Hamzah (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2019-06-01)
      Human Rights Obligations remains a problem that is always interesting to talk about, especially in the perspective of Islamic criminal law. Human rights in Islamic criminal law become the main aspect because obligations must be fulfilled first before being able to claim the rights. If the obligation is fulfilled, then the rights of all human beings can also be fulfilled. The Islamic law has the concept that obligations are more or more priority than the rights, and this is very different from the national legal system and the Western legal system. The principle of fulfilling the obligation first than the prosecution of the rights is the nature of the law which encourages avoidance of someone committing acts that can harm others. In order to create order in life or create benefit in society, the Islamic criminal law regulates it with the concept of al-darūriyāt al-khamzah.
    • Humanist Theology: Establish Ummah Toward A Tolerance

      Huzain, Muhammad (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2014-12-01)
      The nature of religion has been endlessly discussed by philosophers, theologians, psychologists, and sociologists. They look at different aspects of religion as their interests and their purposes differ. Therefore, they formulate variety of definition of religion. Religion is seen to be difficult to define. But it is necessary to have a clear definition of religion as a starting point for religious studies. But in the globalization era, Muslim need theology basis which is strong. Theology term is to help enrich the muslim knowleadge of Islam. In the thought of Islam theology, means knowleadge which is content in relation beetwen God and the universe. Later, The draft formulation of this, are; How is the book theology in relation of book and religion pluralims? To focus to this formulation, it will be presented many questions, namely: First, How is the theology of consept in the book perspective? The Second, as a book guideline, how is theology implication toward the pluralism religion? Then this writing shows that theology (tauhid) is human awareness on thier believer toward the one god which cover it’s one of essence, action, atribute (characteristic).  The unity of god essence is a furitification towards God. Yet, The fluralism is to be still unitied  with strong bound, namely bound of essence of God.
    • Imam Malik's Views On Theory of Problem in Islamic Law: An Explorative Study

      Darwis, Rizal (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2019-06-01)
      This article examines the thoughts of Imam Malik on the masalahat problems in Islamic law. In using al-mashlahat al-mursalah, Imam Malik genuienly provided three limitations or conditions, namely: the existence of a match between the concerns that are considered with maqashid al-shari'ah; the mashlahat relates to matters which are ma'qulat (rational) which according to syara are based on the maintenance of the mashlahat; and the results of al-mashlahat al-mursalah are returned to the maintenance of the dzharuriy (primary) case according to syara and negate the narrowness in religion. The laws contained in Islamic law are oriented towards maintaining the benefit of the mukallaf and rejecting obedience, in order to realize a harmonious life that brings peace and happiness to humans.
    • Implementasi Nilai-nilai Islam dalam Manajemen Laba Efisien Perbankan Syariah di Indonesia

      Abdullah, M. Wahyuddin; Ainun, Nurul (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2017-06-01)
      This study aims to determine the earnings management efficient practices and compliance with the value of Islam on sharia banking in Indonesia. The research is mixed method and data used in the form of secondary data obtained from the annual report and the report sustanability sharia banking with the observation period 2012 to 2015. The variables used were proxies of earning management (PML) and the future profitability (PMD). This research employs the model analysis by using ordinal logistic regression. The results show that the PML effect on PMD, sharia banking practice efficient earnings management. Three of the five sharia banks do efficient earnings management practices on regular basis during the period of observation, that BRI Syaria, BSM, and BNI Syaria. The Three shariah banks obtain efficient earnings through the principals of management practices in Islamic values, namely:maslahah, honesty, and fairness.
    • Implementation of Afzalur Rahman’s idea about production based the al-‘adl concept to improving consumer satisfaction

      Abdullah, M. Wahyuddin; Almath, Faiz; Muin, Rahmawati (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo, 2020-05-20)
      Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui implementasi pemikiran Afzalur Rahman berbasis konsep al-‘adl dalam meningkatkan kepuasan konsumen. Penelitian merupakan penelitian kualitiatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologi pada CV Sinar Permai di Konawe Sulawesi Tenggara. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mekanisme produksi pada perusahaan tersebut telah meliputi proses material handling, skidding, dan transferring. Implementasi produksi berbasis konsep’adl telah diterapkan dengan nilai-nilai keadilan dalam semua kegiatan produksi, mulai dari penyediaan bahan baku, proses produksi, termasuk penggunaan tenaga kerja dalam kegiatan produksi. Implementasi produksi dalam meningkatkan kepuasan konsumen adalah memberikan jaminan keamanan, kenyamanan, kualitas pelayanan, dan menjamin barang hasil produksi yang diterima konsumen.