The Significance of Prosthodontic Appliances in Identification of Human Remains in Croatia
AbstractThis paper reports the results of dental identification of 1200 human remains exhumed from mass graves in Croatia up to 2000. A total of 989 (82%) victims were positively identified, while 211 (18%) victims remained unidentified. Dental identification based on available dental ante mortem data was achieved in 25% of the cases. Dental identification based on dental charts was achieved in 35%, on x-rays in 15%, on photographs of teeth in 22%, on interviews in 18%, and on dental supports in 10% of the cases. Teeth, in combination with anthropological parameters - age, sex and height as well as with other specific characteristics such as tattoos, personal identification cards, clothes, jewelry and DNA - were helpful for identification of 64% of victims, but their significance for the identification was not dominant. Only in 11% of the cases identification was achieved by other relevant means of identification and teeth were not used at all. Dental findings that were the most significant for the identifications were prosthetic appliances in 30% of cases. Dentures were helpful in the identification of only 1% of the cases, while crowns and bridges were helpful in 29% of the cases. Non marked full dentures caused problems in the determination of identification. .