AbstractSince the early 1980s, China has witnessed a progressive Confucian revival, especially in the academic and cultural spheres. In particular, since the early 2000s, there has been a progressive expansion of Confucian groups arising from local initiatives all over China in the form of local colleges and study halls. Using four previously unexplored sites, this article studies the multiple modalities of local Confucian revival in the province of Shandong. Through interviews and extensive discussion with members of these groups, we have uncovered a strong adherence to Confucian elements and a convenient religiosity through ritual performances. Therefore, this article not only agrees with previously conducted studies on the revival of Confucianism in China but also adds new empirical elements supporting their conclusions. Finally, this article introduces the â€˜Countryside Confucianism experimentâ€™, its current meaning and ties to the ongoing local Confucian resurgence in the province of Shandong as well as its shared identity â€˜closureâ€™ characteristics, prevalent among some of these local sitesâ€™ narrative.
contemporary Confucianism; Confucian revival; popular Confucianism; Countryside Confucianism; cultural resistance