Investigating subjects and quantity of articles related with medical ethics in Islamic countries, Eastern Mediterranean Region of World Health Organization, indexed on PubMed
Author(s)Dehghan, Mahmmad sadegh; کارشناس معاونت آموزشی، وزارت بهداشت، درمان و آموزش پزشکی؛ دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی آموزش پزشکی، مرکز مطالعات و توسعه آموزش علوم پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران. (نویسنده مسؤول)
Javidan, Fatemeh; کارشناس معاونت آموزشی، وزارت بهداشت، درمان و آموزش پزشکی؛ دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی آموزش پزشکی، مرکز مطالعات و توسعه آموزش علوم پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.
Shamsi gooshki, Ehsan; دانشجوی دکترای اخلاق پزشکی، گروه اخلاق پزشکی، مرکز تحقیقات اخلاق و حقوق پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.
Abbasi, Mahmoud; رییس مرکز تحقیقات اخلاق و حقوق پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی. تهران، ایران.
(Name of 22 Islamic countries in Eastern Mediterranean region of WHO: Afghanistan
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AbstractAbstractIntroduction: Among different branches of professional ethics, medical ethics has a specific position due to the high and special level of professional ethics. Medical ethics is also considered especially in Islamic teachings. Due to novelty advancements in medical science in recent years, new and deep discussions have proposed on medical ethics field that considered issues on medical ethics can be specified via investigating articles as well as the domains searching on these issues and also one can infer the priorities considered by the authors of above articles and domains regarding medical ethics that have not been nor studied or investigated up to now will be determined in that investigators can have participation on these fields based on their national and regional priorities.Methodology: This article is the review study that by referring to PubMed data base, the articles were investigated based on 19 titles includes 15 titles of 24 titles related to the introduced bioethics by health information section of Medline Plus as well as 4 titles related to war, research, education and medical ethics principles, indexed in PubMed that published by investigators in Islamic countries in Eastern Mediterranean region (EMRO) of WHO.Findings: The articles were categorized and compared based on the year of publication, country and the study title. The minimum number of articles based on the country in Time Zone from 1971 to 2012 with one article related to countries such as Djibouti and Palestine and the maximum amount that were 71 were related to country of Iran. Also, the minimum number of article based on year was one article in years of 1971, 1978, 1979 and 1984 the maximum ones were 39 in 2012. The minimum number based on title was an article on clinical trials and fraud in health and the maximum number were 64 on the principles of medical ethics. Conclusion: This survey is only to investigate the articles related to index medical ethics on PubMed in Islamic countries of Eastern Mediterranean region of WHO. Although additional studies are necessary to complete the information on this field but this article is considered as the first one with categorizing medical ethics articles with the approach of variability of issue and since the origin of their publication is in Islamic countries, is exclusive can be the basis of wider studies and investigating different dimensions in the future. The studies containing medical ethics in our country should be based on goal as well as national and regional priorities to meet the needs of Islamic Iranian nation.
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Analysis of Kohlberg’s Theory on Moral Development from Quran Point of ViewJavidan, Fatemeh; دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی آموزش پزشکی، مرکز مطالعات و توسعه آموزش علوم پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران. کارشناس معاونت آموزشی، وزارت بهداشت، درمان و آموزش پزشکی، تهران، ایران (نویسنده مسئول); Dehghan, Mohammad Sadegh; دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی آموزش پزشکی، مرکز مطالعات و توسعه آموزش علوم پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران. کارشناس معاونت آموزشی، وزارت بهداشت، درمان و آموزش پزشکی، تهران، ایران; Shamsi Gooshki, Ehsan; دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی اخلاق پزشکی، گروه اخلاق پزشکی، مرکز تحقیقات اخلاق و حقوق پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران; Abbasi, Mahmoud; رییس مرکز تحقیقات اخلاق و حقوق پزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران و عضو گروه اخلاق زیستی فرهنگستان علوم پزشکی ( Medical Ethics and Law Research Center, 2016-10-01)Moral development has been a noticeable social issue. The holy Quran as the most complete guiding book for humankind endorses deep teachings regarding morality. On the other hand because of importance of ethical issues, many theorists and philosophers have been trying to develop ethical and moral theories, according to their ideological and cultural back grounds. But most of them could not go beyond institutional life of human beings and failed to consider spiritual and motivational underpinnings of morality, which are deeply rooted in God creation and human nature. Although studying moral development in Quran view required a wide and deep reflection in various dimensions, this paper tries to open the discussion as an introduction for future works by analyzing the Kohlberg’s theory of moral development from Quran point of view.Method: This is a review article, which is done using library and web-based sources and deriving relevant references.Results: According to Quran, human beings pass through some stages during their lives. A similar step wised approach to moral development has been discussed in theories such as Kohlberg and Pageant’s. According to Kohlberg, steps and levels of moral development are fixed and unchangeable. In addition he mentioned that moral arguments and judgments are related to cognitive properties. But from Islamic and Quran viewpoint, moral regulations and principles are factual and abstract (Not-relative). Therefore in some dimensions views of western Theorists is completely different and even contradictory with Islamic tradition. One of These major differences is lack of a holistic approach to human moral development and lack of enough attention to spiritual and supererogatory moral ideals.Conclusion: The most important critique against Kohlberg’s theory is its relative weakness in explaining multi-dimensional nature of moral development because of its theoretical and experimental limitations. Using such western theories and instruments for evaluating moral development is not completely compatible with our religious and national culture. Although there are a number of works that try to explain moral development from Islamic (Shi’a) point of view, but very few works have used a comparative approach toward this issue. We recommend more detailed future studies about this issue.
Offering the comprehensive evaluation model for assessing medical ethics course from the perspective of faculty membersGhaffari, Reza; مدیر گروه آموزش علوم پز شكي، مركز مطالعات و توسعه آموزش علوم پزشكي دانشگاه علوم پزشکی، تبریز، ایران.; Yaghoobi, Alireza; ریاست دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، تبریز، ایران.; Abbasi, Mahmoud; رییس مرکز تحقیقات اخلاق و حقوق پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی. تهران، ایران.; Salek Ranjbarzadeh, Fariba; مدیر پژوهش مرکز تحقیقات آموزش علوم پزشکی، تبریز، ایران. (نویسنده مسؤول); Hassanzadeh Salmasi, Sosan; عضو هیأت علمی مرکز تحقیقات آموزش علوم پزشکی، تبریز، ایران.; Golanbar, Parisa; كارشناس آموزشي گروه آموزش علوم پزشكي مركز مطالعات و توسعه آموزش علوم پزشكي، تبریز، ایران. (Medical Ethics and Law Research Center, 2016-06-09)The status of medical ethics education and methods of students assessing shows that ethics course in medicine curriculum as a two credit course give to the students in the specified period, and come to the end with a written assessment. While, the formal assessment should be used with the efficient ways such as knowledge assessment, attitudes and professional and ethical abilities in the whole period of seven years of medicine and after graduation and shouldn't limit to the sectional assessing of same course and shouldn't just be in the field of medical ethics theories. The goal of this study is achieving the formulation of comprehensive model for assessing medical ethics course. In this cross-sectional and descriptive study, all of the academic members of Tabriz medical university that involved in medical ethics discussions enrolled in this study in the form of census and targeted. Data were analyzed with using of descriptive statistics. 79.1% of academic members totally agreed with revise of assessment of this course. They believe to use several tools to evaluate the ethical and professional behavior, As this assessment include all areas of learning and not limited to a certain period of training and it be continually assessed.
Overview on Conflict of Student and patient's Rights in clinical trainingAbdolmaleki, Mohamadreza; دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی آموزش پزشکی، دانشکده آموزش پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران. (نویسنده مسؤول); afshar, leila; پزشک و پژوهشگر مرکز تحقیقات اخلاق و حقوق پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکي شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.; Momeni, Sedigheh; کارشناس ارشد آموزش پزشکی، مرکز مطالعات و توسعه آموزش پزشکي، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان، کردستان، ایران. (Medical Ethics and Law Research Center, 2017-10-03)There are problems that lie ahead about Conflict between the priorities of medical education and patient care and dignity of patients in clinical teaching. Like other areas of ethics in clinical teaching respect for the individual, benefits, equity and no harm should be taken into consideration. Studies show that the three pillars of clinical training are doctors, patients and students have been formed. Meanwhile, according to the study, the challenges of clinical training about patients and students are discussed. In this regard, with the use of available resources, the related problems were declared and their solutions are also given.Considering that the training process, students and physician attendance are fully conscious, therefore the patient attendance should be fully consciously too. To reduce conflict between clinical training and patient rights, it seems that it is necessary to be taught professional ethics and communication skills for students. On arrival at the health center should be given sufficient information about the patient's rights to their.