Exporting Sexual and Reproductive Values - A study on the existence of U.S. SRHR politics in international AIDS relief and prevention aid in Africa
KeywordsSexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR)
United States President´s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)
United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
women and international development
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AbstractThis thesis examines the ideologies and moral values regarding sexuality and gender within the United States national realm of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR); and furthermore what how these ideologies and morals are translated into development policy. Through the method interrogative insertion, I have explored in the U.S. President´s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). And through the method of discourse analysis, shown the ramifications of these ideologies when transferred into African societies through the practice of development seeking out to prevent and relieve HIV/AIDS by development agencies that receive funding from PEPFAR. With theories of postcolonialism, representation and discourse, and theories on governing the body I have been able to see how articulations of sexuality and gender in development policy aiming to combat HIV/AIDS in Africa have implications for the self identities as well as societies in which this development aid gears towards. Accordingly, this study discusses not only the sexual and reproductive rhetoric in development practices, but the field of development as a Western-based practice, which transfers Western-based understandings and ideologies into policy – and its turn imposes beliefs and societal constructions upon the developing world.