Andra vinklar på vinklade bänkar – Om inkludering och exkludering av hemlösa personer i Malmös offentliga, fysiska, rum
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AbstractThe purpose of this study was to seek a deeper understanding of processes that leads to inclusion and exclusion of homeless people in the physical public space of Malmö. There has been a lot of research and current news articles about homelessness and exclusion from the public space in different parts of the world. Based on what has been written, security guards and constructions or design that excludes homeless people are two common mechanisms that limits the access for homeless people in the public space. There has also been much written about an increasing commercialization of the public space. Reasons for the exclusion of homeless people are sometimes based on the notion that homeless people are not consumers and therefore excluded from the public space. The empirical data of this study was based on four semi-structured interviews and one informal conversation. All of the interviewees had experiences of homelessness in Malmö. The questions to the interviewees were mainly focused on experiences of inclusion and exclusion in from physical public space in Malmö. Privatization and commercialization of the public space and moral geography are two theoretical perspectives that I have been using to analyze the reasons for exclusion. In conclusion, the interviewees had varied experiences of inclusion and exclusion from the public space in Malmö. The interviewees were often more concerned about the surveillance by security guards than constructions or design that is supposed to exclude them. There were also varied opinions regarding an alleged competition in the public space between them and the people who beg.