High status residential areas in Christchurch : structure and structural change, 1878 to 1973.
AbstractThe classical theories of urban residential structure
were developed in the early decades of the present century
in America, and many of the hypothesis - particularly the
dynamic elements of the Burgess - Hoyt models, have not been
adequately tested in New Zealand.
High status groups in society have been assigned a
dominant role in shaping the nature and character of the urban
residential environment; this study therefore focuses on the
high status areas of Christchurch - identified by the
concentration of selected professional groups, on the basis of
Wises Post Office Directories. Three time periods were
selected; 1878, 1930 and 1973, thus covering a wide span of
the city's development. Analysis included the use of general
grouping and choropleth mapping of distributions, centrographic
and analysis of variance techniques in an investigation of
segregation patterns, and migration analysis in a study of
the processes of change.
The initial pattern of high status segregation was
concentric and centrally located resembling the pre-industrial
patterns identified by Schnore and contrary to classical theory,
High status growth was slow and axial resulting in the present
day sectoral pattern, but not in the form predicted by Hoyt. Outward growth of the dominant high status area in the northwest
has been minimal in the last two or three decades,
with the older areas accommodating many of the new elite,
and being surrounded by lower status suburban growth.
Thus the experience of Christchurch has demonstrated
a number of time and culture-specific aspects of the Burgess -
Hoyt hypothesis, Residential structure is related to ongoing
social processes with contemporary structural change in
large part reflecting the tremendous growth of an increasingly
affluent property owning middle-class, aided by car ownership,
governmental encouragement, and an egalitarian ethic.
TypeTheses / Dissertations