Religious Struggles after Typhoon Haiyan: A case study from Bantayan Island
AbstractPURPOSE: This paper examines religious struggles and loss of faith in Christian survivors of Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines and explores whether any demographic characteristics or experiences during the disaster may have contributed to these responses. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A quantitative survey was used to assess a variety of concepts related to religious responses after disaster. Data were collected using a mix of non-random, convenience sampling methods, with a total sample of 1,929 responses. FINDINGS: Religious struggles, anger towards God, and apostasy after the typhoon was generally low, although a significant minority of respondents expressed feelings of confusion about God and wondered whether God cared about them. Factors that influenced the experience of religious struggles included: education level, socio-economic status, denomination, barangay, loss of loved ones in the disaster, format of post-disaster church fellowship meetings, and the importance of God in their lives prior to the disaster. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Having an appropriate and supportive faith-based environment for those of faith to work through religious struggles is important for supporting emotional and psychological recovery after disaster. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: This study explores how disasters can impact individuals’ beliefs and their relationship with God in a non-Western context. This information enhances our understanding on how humanitarian and faith-based organizations can help support emotional and psychological recovery among impacted populations, particularly those who experience struggles.