Eutopic/ectopic endometrial apoptosis initiated by bilateral uterine artery occlusion: A new therapeutic mechanism for uterus-sparing surgery in adenomyosis
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AbstractThe objective of the present study was to investigate differences in the expression of apoptosis-related factors in the eutopic and ectopic endometrium (EuE/EE) in women with adenomyosis before and after laparoscopic bilateral uterine artery occlusion (LUAO). Ten patients with uterine adenomyosis who received LUAO were selected as the research subjects, from whom EuE and EE tissues were obtained before and after LUAO and detected for the expression of apoptosis-related molecules in EuE and EE by PT-PCR and Western blot, and changes in the mitochondrial structure by electron microscopy. Normal endometrial stromal cells (NESC), and EuE/EE stromal cells in women with adenomyosis were cultured in a 1% O2, 5% CO2 incubator to establish a physical anoxia state in an in vitro stromal cell model. The expression of apoptosis-related molecules was observed at 0, 6, 12, 24 and 48h of hypoxic. The results showed that the expression of apoptosis-related factors in EuE and EE were increased significantly after LUAO and under hypoxic conditions in vitro, suggesting that transient ischemia and hypoxia were involved in the apoptosis of adenomysis lesions, and that uterine artery occlusion could remove adenomyosis lesions on tissue/cell level by cytoreduction, thus reaching the goal of treating adenomyosis effectively.