• The World Academy of Art and Science: History and Manifesto

      Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2010-10-01
    • Human Rights and Employment

      Winston P. Nagan (Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2010-10-01)
    • CADMUS: The Personality of a Journal

      T. Natarajan (Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2010-10-01)
    • Transforming Finance Group’s Call Recognizes Finance as a Global Commons

      Hazel Henderson (Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2010-10-01)
    • The Knowledge Society: A Sustainability Paradigm

      Naim Hamdija Afgan; Maria G. Carvalho (Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2010-10-01)
      This paper defines the knowledge society as a human structured organisation based on contemporary developed knowledge and representing new quality of life support systems. It implies the need for a full understanding of distribution of knowledge, access to information and the capability to transfer information into a knowledge. The understanding of knowledge is the central challenge when defining a knowledge society. From our present perception of knowledge society, it is of interest to emphasize the role of the knowledge society in future development of human society. The life support systems are essential pillars of human society development. In this respect knowledge society represents a new paradigm for future development and it is strongly correlated to sustainable development. For this reason the sustainability paradigm of knowledge society is a potential frame for human society development leading to social cohesion, economic competitiveness and stability, use of resources and economic development, safeguarding biodiversity and the ecosystem.In order to verify the mutual relation between knowledge society and sustainability, we have to introduce the difference between these two terms. The knowledge society is based on the agglomeration of eco-knowledge, env-knowledge and soc-knowledge, it may be evaluated as the complex knowledge of quality of life support systems. We have to introduce metrics which will allow us to present knowledge as the paradigm of the number of indicators for verifying progress made.Sustainability metrics are designed to consolidate measures of economic, environmental and social performance of any system. It can be understood as a pattern for evaluation of the available knowledge about systems and their performance. In particular the decision-making process for the selection of the system under consideration must be based on the available knowledge. The link between knowledge and sustainability makes it possible for us to visualise that the sustainability paradigm is the essential frame for the knowledge society.
    • Updating macro-economics

      Orio Giarini (Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2010-10-01)
    • A Project on The Wealth of Nations Revisited

      Garry Jacobs; Ivo Šlaus (Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2010-10-01)
    • Theory & Strategies for Full Employment

      Ashok Natarajan (Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2010-10-01)
    • Introductory Paper for a Programme on The Wealth of Nations Revisited

      Ivo Šlaus; Bernard Lietaer; Orio Giarini; Garry Jacobs (Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2010-10-01)
    • Indicators of Economic Progress: The Power of Measurement and Human Welfare

      Garry Jacobs; Ivo Slaus (Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2010-10-01)
      Right measurement is a powerful instrument for social progress; wrong or imprecise measurement a source of hazard and even havoc. The essential purpose of economic activity is the promotion of human development, welfare and well-being in a sustainable manner, and not growth for growth’s sake, yet we lack effective measures to monitor progress toward these objectives. Advances in understanding, theory and measurement must necessarily proceed hand in hand. A companion article in this publication sets forth the urgent need for new theory in economics. This article sets forth the complementary need for new measures. The stakes are high and the choice is ours. On one side, rising social tensions, recurring financial crises and ecological disaster; on the other, the progressive unfolding and development of human capacity in harmony with Nature. The deficiencies of GDP as a measure are well-documented by leading economists Kuznets, Tobin, Tinbergen and many others; but, unfortunately, decision-making still remains largely based on GDP, valid during 1930-70 perhaps, but certainly inappropriate today. The challenge is to derive more appropriate indicators to reflect real, sustainable economic welfare, social development and human wellbeing. The attributes that have made GDP so successful are often overlooked — it provides clear objectives for policy and decision-making. We propose new composite indicator, HEWI, which can be used to guide decision-making, which retains the strengths associated with GDP, while substantially enhancing its value as a measure of human economic development. HEWI monitors progress on factors that contribute prominently to present economic welfare — household consumption, government welfare-related expenditure, income inequality and unemployment — as well as factors that have the potential to significantly enhance long term sustainability — education, fossil fuel energy efficiency and net household savings. The index is applied to assess the economic performance of select countries from 1985-2005.
    • Theory & Strategies for Full Employment

      Ashok Natarajan (Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2010-10-01)
    • Report on Activities of WAAS and Club of Rome

      Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2011-04-01
    • Global Prospects for Full Employment

      Ivo Šlaus; Garry Jacobs (Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2011-04-01)
      The recent international financial crisis highlights the crucial role of employment in human welfare and social stability. Access to remunerative employment opportunities is essential for economic security in a market-based economic system. As the rise of democracy compelled nations to extend the voting right to all citizens, employment must be recognized as a fundamental human right. In total defiance of conventional wisdom, since 1950 job growth has outpaced the explosive growth of population, the rapid adoption of labor-saving technologies, the manifold expansion of world trade, and the dramatic shift from manual labor to white collar work. In an increasingly globalized labor market, current nation-centric theories and models of employment need to be replaced with a human-centered global perspective complemented by new indicators that recognize the central and essential contribution of employment to human economic welfare. Employment and economy are subsets of society and their growth is driven by the more fundamental process of social development. A vast array of unmet social needs combined with an enormous reservoir of underutilized social resources – technological, scientific, educational, organizational, cultural and psychological – can be harnessed to dramatically expand employment opportunities and achieve full employment on a global basis. This paper examines the theoretical basis, policy issues and strategies required to eradicate unemployment nationally and globally.
    • Cadmus Editorial Policy

      Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2011-04-01
    • Thoughts and Prayers for our Japanese Friends

      Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2011-04-01
    • The European Leadership Network

      Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2011-04-01
    • World Academy of Art & Science Draft Vision & Mission

      Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2011-04-01
    • Governance

      T. Natarajan (Risk Institute, Trieste- Geneva, 2011-04-01)