Intertextuality and Interdiscursivity. Comparativism between Philology and the Ethical Theory of Subject
Keywordsfilozofska književnost; indijska filozofija; Bhagavadgîtâ; intertekstualnost; diskurs; dharma; âtman; subjekt; deontička etika; Immanuel Kant; običajnost; G. W. F. Hegel
philosophical literature; Indian philosophy; Bhagavad-Gîtâ; intertextuality; discourse; dharma, âtman; subject; deontological ethics; Immanuel Kant; morality, G. W. F. Hegel
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AbstractThis paper comments on some of the aspects of the philosophical relevance of Bhagavad-Gîtâ in view of the fact that a new edition was published in Croatian translation by Goran Kardaš with a critical review and an intertextual study: on the one hand, intertextuality – as a more immanent principle of analysis – is disclosed as the legitimate extension of the logic of comparativism in the histories of ideas and, at the same time, as the necessary substitute for the comparative method; on the other hand, however, intertextuality – as a principle of analysis – is transposed from the philological and content-historical level of analysis into a model of a synchronic system of diverse discourses. Such substitutions of the philological level with a conceptual and discursive level enable one to recognise both “postmodern” forms of expression (citationism, eclecticism) and a number of fundamental content concepts (subject, freedom, duty, responsibility) in Bhagavad-Gîtâ, concepts which have traditionally been ascribed to “modernism” from Kant’s idea of “reflective morality” and its critique in Hegel’s idea of “morality” as custom. Finally, the author comments on the reasons behind the famous change in Hegel’s attitude towards “the exclusion of Eastern philosophy” from the history of philosophy as a result of the publication of Gîtâ in Wilhelm von Humboldt’s translation, whose linguistic-theoretical work represents the origin of the opposite, Nietzschean line of contemporary philosophy.