The Impact of Strengthening Community Economy on Management of Common Natural Resources in Small Islands
Author(s)Pribadi, Didit Okta
common pool resources
General & Multiple Resources
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Abstract"Kepulauan Seribu is a district consists of 2 sub districts, 6 villages, and 110 small islands. It lies on north of DKI Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, and has many kinds of natural resources such as mine, fish, and beautiful landscapes. Unfortunately, the provision of infrastructure in district becomes expensive and inefficient due to the scattered small communities caused by the scattered small islands. It makes lack of prosperity, education, technology, capital, information, interaction across islands and limited energy supply (gasoline, gas and electricity) in community. This situation cause competitive market does not work and , replaced by monopoly market controlled by some traders from outside islands who could pay information and transportation cost. The traders always use their monopoly power to maximize the benefit by giving a cheaper prize for community product (fish) and accept extra benefit through selling expensive energy supply (gasoline and gas) for catching fish. These situations pressure the community to get enough income by exploiting their resources. In year 2004, Kepulauan Seribu became an autonomic district separated from North Jakarta district. The new local government has policy to protect environmental and natural resources, and increase community prosperity. On the contrary, the government policies have created conflict between government and their own community who feel forbidden to catch the fish as they usually did before. It makes this problem becomes more complicated, and under these circumstances natural resources depletion becomes worse than before. This paper tries to explain that our action research by strengthening community economy could reduce conflict and decrease environmental and natural resources degradation. It consists of five kinds of efforts as follows: (1) forming community economy institution, (2) increasing financial access, (3) increasing capacity on using technology, (4) increasing infrastructure especially for information and transportation, (5) increasing energy supply to support economy activities. Those efforts are conducted by using participatory approach that supported by literature and baseline data analyzing, and policy dialog with government and related stakeholders. Our research result has been accepted by stakeholders and there is a commitment between government and community to cooperate in developing this region as well as conserving environmental and common natural resources."
Survival of the Commons: Mounting Challenges and New Realities, the Eleventh Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
June 19-23, 2006