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[[abstract]]In Taiwan, many industrial technologies and developments mainly come from R&D technology and educational technology. To promote those inventions into a practical application and to meet the needs of industries, as well as upgrading the innovation and the ability of technological development, patent commercialization plays an important role in transferring those ideal into reality. In the last decades, the importance of patent and intellectual property has been recognized in the island; however the actual commercialized products are not relatively high compared with the amount of commercialized patents. Take R&D institutes for instance, between year 2004 and 2010 the number of applied patents are about 2000 cases per year on average. And the actual acquired patents are around 1000 cases, and the growth rate is just about 10 percent which is quite disappointing. It means that even many developments and inventions are invested and the selling number has not been showing gratifying result as it would have been expected. This dissertation is a research involves many case studies on patent commercialization, by discussing the difficulties may appear in finding criterions for commercialized patents into real market. Mainly focuses on R&D institutes cases due to the reason of most institutes have budgeted for their patent items the most; however, many cases illustrate unbalanced expense and revenue demonstrate their patent products and actual gaining, as profitable revenue relies on practical selling. In this piece of work I shall point my studying with examples to provide an overview and procedure in order to contribute my learning.With my finding of this studying, market scale, market potential, market share, market growth, marketing and the path, technical integrity, technical maturity, technical eligibility, technical diversity, technical substitution which are the keys in examining whether any commercialized patents would succeed in the market. Though there are so many possibilities would occur during the promoting process which they cannot always be avoided easily such as economic crisis and uncompleted technique. This study strong recommends that the necessity of establishing the standard would increase the success rate in commercialized patents enter real market, as well as the decrease of the cost.